1998: Roadmap. Up to Design Issues A road map for the future, an architectural plan untested by anything except thought experiments.
This was written as part of a requested road map for future Web design, from a level of 20,000ft. It was spun off from an Architectural overview for an area which required more elaboration than that overview could afford. Necessarily, from 20,000 feet, large things seem to get a small mention. It is architecture, then, in the sense of how things hopefully will fit together. This document is a plan for achieving a set of connected applications for data on the Web in such a way as to form a consistent logical web of data (semantic web). Introduction The Web was designed as an information space, with the goal that it should be useful not only for human-human communication, but also that machines would be able to participate and help. It follows the note on the architecture of the Web, which defines existing design decisions and principles for what has been accomplished to date.
1999: The WWW Proposal and RDF. Initial version: 1999-11-12, Dan Brickley firstname.lastname@example.org Revised: March 2001 Status: This is a work in progress, and an early release of the document for feedback from the RDF Interest Group.
Information Management: Then and Now The original proposal of the WWW from 1989 included a figure showing how information about a Web of relationships amongst named objects could unify a number of information management tasks. (CERN figure from WWW proposal) 2000: Respective Roles of XML and RDF. BibTeX Bookmark OpenURL Abstract The next generation of the Web is often characterized as the "Semantic Web": information will no longer only be intended for human readers, but also for processing by machines, enabling intelligent information services, personalized Web-sites, and semantically empowered search-engines.
The Semantic Web requires interoperability on the semantic level. Citations. 2001. James Hendler History. The Semantic Web is based on the relatively straightforward idea that to be able to integrate (link) data on the Web we must have some mechanism for knowing what relationships hold among the data, and how that relates to some “real world” context.
The following is a lot of detail that comes from this simple idea. To answer this question properly, let me start back in the early Web era. While I’m going to do some potentially boring personal history, I’ll note the key ideas as I go along. Circa 1995, my research group began playing with an idea (first proposed by my then student Sean Luke now a faculty member at GMU) that if web markup (it was all HTML back then) contained some machine readable “hints” to the computer, then we could do a better job of Web tasks like search, query, and faceted browsing.
“Linked Data” (or “Web of Data”) – close to the original vision.