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Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil Invests in Neighborhood Improvements for Manguinhos. Beginning in August, the communities of Manguinhos in the north zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil will obtain several new improvements, offering the people a better quality of life.

Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil Invests in Neighborhood Improvements for Manguinhos

Via Binário, a new street, will serve to relieve Leopoldo Bulhões Avenue. Via Canal, a recreation area, will extend along the Cunha Canal from Leopoldo Bulhões to Brazil Avenue. Carried out by the Corporation for Public Works (Emop) -- a part of the Secretary of Works -- the interventions are in the final stage. The works, which include multi-sport courts and school parking, are part of the Growth Acceleration Program for Manguinhos, a partnership between federal and state governments, costing around R$ 35 million. The works of both Via Binário and Via Canal are now focused on wrapping up.

Teaching squatter settlements

Maeklong. PAPER CITY - An Urban Story. Classroom in the crossfire: The Rio school where children dive to dodge bullets. Turning off the main road, we hadn't driven more than 300 metres before I saw my first gunman, his automatic assault rifle casually slung over his shoulder as he chatted with friends.

Classroom in the crossfire: The Rio school where children dive to dodge bullets

I realised quite quickly that they were all armed as well, their hand guns tucked into board shorts. As we neared, in unison, they looked up and stared. In front of our car a teacher on a moped, who was escorting us in, nodded at the gang members. They knew we were coming. It had been cleared in advance with their boss by the headmistress of the school we were visiting. We were entering the Mare favela in Rio de Janeiro. Without our escort we would have got no further, without the clearance we might never have left. Rocinha favela, Rii de Janeiro. Spot the tree #megacity… *****Informal sector: A shoe shine on Charing Cross Road in London c.1937 by Wolf Suschitzky. Wolf told me the man was a local gangster type and was very unhappy at being photographed but the woman who was with him was pleased and posed for the photo.

*****Informal sector: Radio Amina. The Spectator Index sur Twitter : "Share of population living in slums. South Sudan: 96% Ethiopia: 74% Kenya: 56% Nigeria: 50% Pakistan: 46% Philippines: 38% Vietnam: 27% Thailand: 25% China: 25% India: 24% South Africa: 23% Brazil: 22% Indonesia: 22% Tur. *****Informal sector: Urban Transformations: In Durban, Informal Workers Design Marketplaces Instead of Getting Displaced by Them.

Warwick Junction’s maze of stalls, arches and bridges can elicit wonder in any first-time visitor to South Africa’s largest marketplace.

*****Informal sector: Urban Transformations: In Durban, Informal Workers Design Marketplaces Instead of Getting Displaced by Them

The area’s nine distinct markets are wedged between Durban’s major train station, three highway overpasses and dozens of taxi ranks. More than 7,000 informal street vendors sell everything from clothes and fresh produce to medicines and traditional delicacies like bovine head soup. More than 450,000 commuters and shoppers pass through the marketplace every day. But behind the colorful stalls is a deeper story of urban transformation.

Looking at Warwick Junction today, you would never know its troubled history as a dangerous and neglected marketplace—one that was almost wiped from existence. Nearly half a million shoppers pass through Durban's Warwick Junction marketplace every day. (21) India: A booming population. What is life like in a Brazilian favela? - CBBC Newsround. *****Do we have to learn to live with slums? (Manila, Philippines, Paul Mason, BBC Newsnight) Media playback is unsupported on your device Manila, Philippines: The rich elite in cities across the world want to clear the slums which are now home to a billion people.

*****Do we have to learn to live with slums? (Manila, Philippines, Paul Mason, BBC Newsnight)

But many of those who live in shanty towns like that which lines the banks of the San Miguel canal, do not want to leave. Why? I had come to the Philippines to explore a theory but, as always, reality got in the way. I was standing on the bridge over the Estero de San Miguel, a slum in the capital Manila. *****BC: An excellent case study about impact and management options for rural-urban migration by @paulmasonnews when working for @BBCNewsnight #shantytowns #squattersettlements #slums #plannedsettlements #urbanplanning #Manila #Philippines #geog. *****Inequality: Tuca Vieira's famous São Paulo photograph. Simon Kuestenmacher sur Twitter : "Geographic divide between rich and poor in #Powai in #Mumbai in #India. This is an extreme example but similar less drastic examples can be found in many western cities too. Source.

Santa Cruz del Islote: World's most densely packed island. Unequal Scenes - Mumbai. Simply put, Mumbai is...fascinating.

Unequal Scenes - Mumbai

It's built on a slender, impossibly crowded peninsula surrounded on three sides by water. It contains the heart of India's most powerful industries, and some of its poorest slums - it's an urban jungle, a vertical aerie for the superrich, and a fragile marine ecosystem. Billion-dollar houses in the form of skyscrapers exist next to vast slums covered in blue tarps against the monsoon rains. Last Geography cake from Mallie (11D) and it’s spectacular! Favela cake! Thank you Mallie! Good luck in the exams 11D. #GeographyCake… Kevin McCloud Slumming It 2010) Ep2 (Full) Kevin McCloud Slumming It 2010) Ep1 (Full) Early reports of 15 fatalities in a garbage dump landslide at Maputo in Mozimbique:-

*****Taking corners: Non-rectangular soccer fields keep kids off the streets (development project) I'm still siding with this being tree bark, but apparently it's actually New Delhi from above - mind boggling! From smugglers to supermarkets: the 'informal economy' touches us all. As I talk to him, Ahmed pulls his chair into his store to escape the hot Tunisian sun.

From smugglers to supermarkets: the 'informal economy' touches us all

He is a retired teacher – the years of screaming children can be counted in the rings framing his eyes. Behind him is his merchandise. *****Beyond the Map: Step inside the unexpected world of the favelas. Street market, México... American family living in a shanty, circa 1930's. Fire rages through shanty town. *****Top-down solutions: In Rio's oldest favela, a cable car ferries residents - but they're still waiting for sewers. Morro da Providencia has been particularly hard-hit by Brazil's recession, the nation's worst since the 1930s.

*****Top-down solutions: In Rio's oldest favela, a cable car ferries residents - but they're still waiting for sewers

By Chris Arsenault RIO DE JANEIRO, Jan 24 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Perched on a hill beside the concrete skyscrapers of Rio's central business district stands the city's oldest favela whose rising - and now declining - fortunes mirror those of Brazil itself. First established by landless veterans fresh from putting down an uprising in northeastern Brazil in 1897, Morro da Providencia is considered Rio's first informal settlement or favela.

Most residents of the working-class community of narrow streets and small colourful buildings do not have formal title deeds to their hillside homes. A lack of formal property ownership, however, did not hinder about 4,000 inhabitants of the bustling settlement from improving their lives as Brazil's economy boomed in the first decade of the 21st century. *****Improving water pollution in squatter settlements (theconversation) Polluted water and inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene cause around 80% of diseases and one in four deaths in developing countries.

*****Improving water pollution in squatter settlements (theconversation)

The world is recognising that existing strategies simply aren’t working. We are starting a five-year project early this year to implement an innovative water-sensitive approach to revitalise 24 informal settlements in Fiji and Indonesia. Funded by the Wellcome Trust, the project aims to turn informal settlements into independent sites that: recycle their own wastewater;harvest rainwater;create green space for water cleansing and food cultivation; andrestore natural waterways to encourage diversity and deal with flooding. Working with local slum communities, the project will design and deliver modular and multi-functional water infrastructure.

This project aims to reduce both environmental contamination itself and the likelihood of human contact with contaminants. Time to rethink failed approaches The benefits of a new approach. The fog catcher who brings water to the poor. Self-help: From slum to success story: This is Ciudad Neza. By Ellen Wulfhorst.

Self-help: From slum to success story: This is Ciudad Neza

Drone photography by Johnny Miller. CIUDAD NEZA, Mexico, Oct 14 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Even if Eloisa Vasquez Morales had enough money to leave Ciudad Neza, once a sprawling slum and now a scrappy suburb east of Mexico City, the young mother says she would stay. So would Juan Francisco Perez Buendia, a government housing official, as well as Carlos Rodriguez and Victoria Gomez Calderon, a retired couple relaxing outside their neatly whitewashed house and garage. "I believe that I am here for a reason. Self-help: This slum had no sewerage system, so the residents built one themselves. In Orangi Town, home to an estimated 2.4 million people, residents have given up waiting for the government to instal public services - and built them by hand By Aamir Saeed KARACHI, Pakistan, Oct 13 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - For Sultana Javed, one of dozens of residents living without proper sanitation on her street in the Orangi Town slum, the final straw came when her toddler daughter fell into the soak pit where the family disposed of their waste.

Self-help: This slum had no sewerage system, so the residents built one themselves

Informal sector: The thriving economy of one of Asia's biggest slums. Most homes in Dharavi double up as businesses - creating an economy worth $1bn by some estimates By Rina Chandran MUMBAI, Oct 11 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Malik Abdullah's plastic recycling business in Dharavi, the sprawling slum in Mumbai that is among the largest in Asia, has survived fire, building collapses, and the criminal underworld for decades.

Informal sector: Levels of Vending in Kariakoo, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania – Urban Vignettes. By Daniela Schofield. Streets of Kariakoo from a second storey shop In Kariakoo, Dar es Salaam’s largest and busiest market, all possible spaces are used for vending. Informal sector - Garbage City: The scavengers making a fortune from other people's rubbish. Image copyright Alamy Despite the growing intolerance Copts face in Egypt, they are finding great success in the country's recycling business. It's the sweet, stifling, nose-crinkling scent that hits you first. Mingled with engine fumes and the whiff of hot sand as we burn up the Cairo motorway, it's the stink of damp cardboard and decaying fruit. It's the smell of Garbage City.

And for some, it's the smell of success. Our taxi jolts through the uneven streets, following a lorry wobbling under its load of compacted cardboard boxes. Delhi, India contains approximately 16 million residents. The neighborhoods of Santosh Park and Uttam Nagar, both pictured here, are home to some of the city’s poorest people and contain its most built-up and densely populate. José Carlos Mariátegui: Riesgos Cotidianos y Desastres Episódicos.

4. Accidentes por condiciones de pobre accesibilidad y movilidad Uno de los principales riesgos cotidianos que enfrenta la población es causado por el difícil acceso que caracteriza este territorio. Las escaleras de concreto agudizan paradójicamente el riesgo de caídas debido a la manera de construirlas, con contrapasos (altura) muy altos e irregulares, pasos (ancho) estrechos y empinada inclinación. Muchas escaleras no cuentan con barandas ni descansos, lo que significa que si se produce una caída, esta no se detiene hasta el pie de la ladera. Además, en muchos casos, se instalan las redes de agua y electricidad después de las escaleras teniendo que romper el hormigón para instalar las redes, pero sin las obras necesarias de reconstrucción. São Paulo, Brazil: favela consumed by fire – video.