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Rewilding + Ecosystem restoration

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*****Ecosystem fragmentation: New threats to public lands endanger America's unique wildlife corridors. *****Ecosystem fragmentation and wildlife corridors: Green Corridors for kids - Outdoor Classroom Day UK & Ireland. *****Ecosystem fragmentation: Lost sloth found clinging to motorway reservation for safety. *****Ecosystem fragmentation / Wildlife corridors: New M1 central reservation. Bad for wildlife? [Archive]

*****Ecosystem fragmentation (and special consideration to fox hounds): Keeping trespassers & animals off the line & protecting Children from the third rail January 1938 the last sentence dates the article #SR. *****To clear or not to clear mines? The Falklands penguins that would not explode. Image copyright Alamy.

*****To clear or not to clear mines? The Falklands penguins that would not explode

*****Linescapes - Caught by the River (ecosystem fragmentation and restoration) Linescapes: Remapping and Reconnecting Britain’s Fragmented Wildlife by Hugh Warwick (Square Peg, hardback, 264 pages.

*****Linescapes - Caught by the River (ecosystem fragmentation and restoration)

Out now and available here.) *****Wildlife corridors: Amazing Animal Bridges Around the World. Animals bridges, which may also be known as ecoducts or wildlife crossings, are structures that allow animals to safely cross human-made barriers like highways.

*****Wildlife corridors: Amazing Animal Bridges Around the World

A wildlife crossing is the broadest term and can include: underpass tunnels, viaducts, overpasses and bridges, amphibian tunnels, fish ladders, culvets and green roofs. [Source] Wildlife crossings are a practice in habitat conservation, allowing connections or reconnections between habitats and combating habitat fragmentation. They also assist in avoiding collisions between vehicles and animals, which in addition to killing or injuring wildlife may cause injury to humans and property damage. It has been reported that vehicle-animals collisions costs the United States a staggering $8 Billion a year. The river London forgot: how the Lea is being reborn. A bright yellow beacon pokes up above a road bridge in east London, festooned with strange nautical markers like the mast of a fishing trawler run aground.

The river London forgot: how the Lea is being reborn

This cheery totem signals the presence of a momentous point in the Lea valley, where the river Lea meets Bow Creek and the Limehouse Cut in a knotted tangle of waterways, rail lines and roads, a fertile ground for the gasworks, distilleries and waste recycling plants that have long made this edge-land their home. Not that you would know any of this when you’re hurtling down the A12 dual carriageway nearby. “I was born and raised here and I didn’t know the river existed for most of my life,” says Paul Brickell, director of regeneration at the London Legacy Development Corporation (LLDC), the body charged with fulfilling the 2012 Olympic promises of bringing bounteous social, economic and environmental improvements to the East End.

*****Word of the day: "wolf-light" - twilight, dusk. French 'Entre chien et loup', 'Between dog & wolf' - the time when the familiar becomes wild. Funding boost to help save England's rarest species from extinction. Efforts to save some of England’s rarest species, including the shrill carder bee and the chequered skipper butterfly, from extinction are being backed by £4.6m in lottery funding.

Funding boost to help save England's rarest species from extinction

Little-known and exotically named insects such as the bearded false darkling beetle and the royal splinter cranefly, as well as plants including the prostrate perennial knawel and interrupted brome are among the 20 endangered species being targeted for action. A further 200 threatened species will also be helped by the funding from the National Lottery, including pine martens, large garden bumblebees, lesser butterfly orchids and hedgehogs. The money will support the “Back from the Brink” initiative to bring together leading charities and conservation bodies in the first countrywide coordinated effort to safeguard species from extinction and deliver conservation measures across England. *****Global scheme: REDD+ or Dead? UN-backed REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) The UN-backed REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) scheme, under which developing nations would be paid not to cut down trees, is being hailed as the saviour of the world’s forests.

*****Global scheme: REDD+ or Dead? UN-backed REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation)

But is it too focused on quantity rather than quality? Mark Rowe investigates Some rare good news for the world’s beleaguered forests emerged from the environmental conference in Cancun, Mexico, in November 2010. Environment ministers – some more willingly than others – committed to paying developing countries to stop cutting down their rainforests. Regular inspection of monitoring stations are a key part of #biosecurity checks which help keep #SouthGeorgia rodent free. ***** Instituto Terra 17,000 acres of deforested cattle ranch 5 million+ native seedlings Regeneration. Videos of Regenerative Projects from Around the World. #Map shows 300 years of fatal #wolf and #bear attacks in #Norway. Not too many. Will still be able to move there... *****Where the wild things are - a ‘future natural’ countryside? Recent years have seen proposals to reintroduce lynx, wolves and bears into the countryside.

*****Where the wild things are - a ‘future natural’ countryside?

The idea has captured the public imagination – but what does "rewilding" mean for rural communities? Jessica Sellick investigates. In 2011, I visited Ennerdale Valley – home to more than 100 species of wildlife, slopes lined with forest, open fell and scree. William Wordsworth said whoever made the long walk to Ennerdale would discover ‘a vista which cannot fail to strike the most indifferent observer with astonishment and pleasure’. Wild Ennerdale, a partnership bringing together the Forestry Commission, Natural England, the National Trust and United Utilities with landowners since 2005 has been allowing ecosystems throughout the valley to evolve with greater freedom. Earth has lost a third of arable land in past 40 years, scientists say.

The world has lost a third of its arable land due to erosion or pollution in the past 40 years, with potentially disastrous consequences as global demand for food soars, scientists have warned.

Earth has lost a third of arable land in past 40 years, scientists say

New research has calculated that nearly 33% of the world’s adequate or high-quality food-producing land has been lost at a rate that far outstrips the pace of natural processes to replace diminished soil. The University of Sheffield’s Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures, which undertook the study by analysing various pieces of research published over the past decade, said the loss was “catastrophic” and the trend close to being irretrievable without major changes to agricultural practices. ***Wildlife corridors: Proposed 200-foot bridge over Hwy 101 could lead California wildlife to safety. As human development expands, wildlife habitats diminish.

***Wildlife corridors: Proposed 200-foot bridge over Hwy 101 could lead California wildlife to safety

There’s no way around it. There are, however, ways to mitigate our imposition on nature and help provide safe pathways for wildlife to travel between desired locations. A proposal announced Wednesday calls for a land bridge over the 101 highway near Los Angeles, in Agoura Hills, that could help save the lives of countless bobcats, mountain lions, and other wildlife. Distribution of the Eurasian Wolf in Europe, 2010-2012 Maps for Brown Bear, Wolverine and Lynx in comments #map #maps. Drones help better manage Big Meadow Bog Restoration on #BrierIsland. Talk by @Novascot_Ian at @CIGACSG / @GANSorg #HiResMapping workshop. Living Planet: Saving Scotland′s peat bogs. Share.

Living Planet: Saving Scotland′s peat bogs

***** 'Find the gap' As it's #HedgehogDay please share our poster :-) *****GIS used to follow baboons (elifesciences) Introduction Across a wide range of taxa and habitats, animals exhibit coordinated group movement. Maintaining cohesion with conspecifics can benefit individuals by reducing predation risk, improving foraging efficiency (Krause and Ruxton, 2002), and, in some cases, by enhancing sensing of environmental gradients (Berdahl et al., 2013). For social animals moving in complex, heterogeneous environments, individual decisions and the resulting collective movement patterns are likely to be driven by a combination of factors, including habitat and social influence. Habitat structure could alter collective movement patterns in a variety of ways. At the individual level, animals can exhibit goal-directed movement toward or away from certain habitat features (Polansky et al., 2015).

Get involved - Rewilding Britain. ***Wildlife corridors: Re-cycled plastic Hedgehog Highway sign #bespringready … ***Wildlife corridors: The UK's struggling hedgehogs have huge territories - you can help by creating a #hedgehog fence hole! #gardens. *****Ecosystem fragmentation: Road-free areas need better protection, study says.

Image copyright Pierre Ibisch A global map of areas without roads shows large tracts of wilderness remain unprotected. International recognition and protection of such areas is urgently needed to halt their continued loss, say scientists. Roads may introduce many problems to nature, including deforestation, pollution and risks to wildlife. Areas untouched by roads do not have adequate protection in most countries, researchers report in Science journal. "We have produced a global map of roadless areas," said lead researcher Pierre Ibisch, of Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development, in Germany.

*****Ecosystem fragmentation: The birds of suburbia are getting 'divorced' Urban sprawl is kicking a group of songbirds called “avoiders” out of their territory, forcing divorce, and stunting their ability to find new mates and reproduce successfully, even after relocating. “The hidden cost of suburban development for these birds is that we force them to do things that natural selection wouldn’t have them do otherwise,” says lead author John Marzluff, a professor of wildlife science in the University of Washington’s School of Environmental and Forest Sciences. ***Ecosystem fragmentation: Map reveals shattering effect of roads on nature. Rampant road building has shattered the Earth’s land into 600,000 fragments, most of which are too tiny to support significant wildlife, a new study has revealed.

The researchers warn roadless areas are disappearing and that urgent action is needed to protect these last wildernesses, which help provide vital natural services to humanity such as clean water and air. The impact of roads extends far beyond the roads themselves, the scientists said, by enabling forest destruction, pollution, the splintering of animal populations and the introduction of deadly pests. Proposed 200-foot bridge over Hwy 101 could lead California wildlife to safety. Once a trophy hunting concession, now a snow leopard sanctuary. Snow leopards return from brink of extinction HT @woleopeoluwa #biodiversity #conservation. Behind New Zealand’s wild plan to purge all pests. David White/REX/Shutterstock. Quest to turn back time on island in Western Australia, Australia/NZ News. On a remote, windswept island smaller than Singapore off Australia's west coast, rangers have been gradually eliminating the local populations of goats, cats and sheep. Can we halt biodiversity loss in 15 years? Yes we can!

Green corridors led humans out of Africa. Climate and vegetation changes over the past 120,000 years affected human dispersal out of Africa. Credit: K. Inhabitat - Green Design, Innovation, Architecture, Green Building. A landmark decision was made last week by the US and China to ban the commercial trade of ivory within the countries’ boundaries. Open-season on America's #wolves. We'll fight back. You can help. Ascension Island land crab in the grounds of Garden Cottage, Green Mountain National Park in the only human made cloud forest in the world.

**Ecosystem fragmentation: Why did the fish cross the road? According to local reports in Seattle, Washington, a flooded street was the fastest way to get upstream □ #DYK the tiger in our ad was made by the people behind Disney’s Jungle Book? Find out more in our #behindthescenes video! #iProtectTigers. The wolf at the door.

African forestry scheme aims to build prosperity by restoring landscape. Reintroduced beavers to stay after being granted native species status. Image copyright laurie campbell Beavers reintroduced to Scotland will be allowed to remain and will be given protected status, the Scottish government has announced. Perth zoo to release numbats into predator-free wild. Australian native mammals to be reintroduced to NSW after 100 years. The 7000 km long man-made barrier of trees is meant to stop the expansion of the Sahara desert. Twitter. Quest to turn back time on island in Western Australia, Australia/NZ News.

No more rats: New Zealand to exterminate all introduced predators. Twitter. Tree genetic diversity is key to success for forest restoration projects. African initiative calls for focus on land restoration. Red squirrel (LBF) #SepEScott. Wildlife corridors: Proposed 200-foot bridge over Hwy 101 could lead California wildlife to safety. Wildlife corridors: MSU study proves that wildlife crossing structures promote 'gene flow' in Banff bears. Wildlife corridors: Big year for wildlife overpasses in West - Wildlife corridors: Safe Passages for Wildlife (and People) Wildlife corridors: Teaching koalas a safer way to cross the road. Wildlife corridors: Hope for hedgehogs high above the Thames. Wildlife corridors: Would hedgehogs use a mini GardenBridge flyover to travel over and between gardens, alleys and roads? What Lives In The Thames? How Wolves Change Rivers.

They Released 14 Wolves In A Park. But No One Was Prepared For THIS. Unbelievable That Nature.. How Brazil, Panama and Costa Rica Breathed New Life Into Their Degraded Lands. Restoring Africa’s Degraded Lands by Improving Farmers’ Rights. #Geography fun fact: The border region between the former #SovietUnion and #Europe is now a healthy green belt. Ecosystem services: New Zealand’s Whanganui River Deed of Settlement - Rewilding with wolves (audio): Fairytale ending for the big bad wolf.

New infographic: How rewilding reduces flood risk. Read the full report here. EbA Revisited, Part 1: disentangling misconceptions about nature and adaptation — WWF Climate Prep. EbA Revisited, Part 2: Just what counts as an “ecosystem”? — WWF Climate Prep. Remeasuring rewilding: why accurate reporting is vital. Wildlife corridors & Buy-back: Cattle station purchase 'fantastic' for Great Barrier Reef, green groups say. Wildlife corridors: Bees - Pollinatorpassasjen. Wildlife corridors: Oslo creates world's first 'highway' to protect endangered bees. Rewilding: Bringing the wilderness back. Rewilding Britain is an opportunity for us all 

Rewilding: The Way Forward.