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Pecking order

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The world's 10 largest economies, 1970—2030. The US needs to 'keep up' with #China's #infrastructure, says the Goldman Sachs CEO. China’s #navy largely caught up with US. Trump's big #military budget might change that? Weird geopolitical climate irony? North Korea is in. *****Economic history of the world in one minute by @TheEconomist. Countries with High English Proficiency Are More Innovative. Jack Ma, the founder of Alibaba, is one of the world’s most successful Internet entrepreneurs.

Countries with High English Proficiency Are More Innovative

But Ma has never written a line of code. He did not train as an engineer. Instead, Ma studied English in college, and worked as an English teacher and translator before diving into entrepreneurship. That doesn’t surprise me. Ma’s bilingualism helped him work effectively across cultures and borders, and to pick up on global trends that gave him a critical edge in the 1990s as the Internet arrived in China. When we think of innovation, we tend to think of smart, technically trained people sitting in a room coming up with game-changing ideas. In a global economy, English facilitates those connections. *****Countries where workers are best at English. In the aviation industry, miscommunication can be fatal.

*****Countries where workers are best at English

More than 1,000 deaths in plane crashes have been due to communication failures, often between crews that speak English and crews that don’t. Since 2001, English has been the international language of pilots and air traffic controllers, and airlines across the world have invested in English training programs for pilots, flight attendants, and other customer-facing staff. In its pivot to English, the aviation industry is not unique: Around the world, companies and industries are recognizing the need for a lingua franca, or common language.

We’ve published research that shows countries with higher English proficiency tend to be more innovative and have stronger economies. Corporate leaders, such as Rakuten CEO Hiroshi Mikitani, talk openly about the benefits of “Englishnization.” Until now, it has been difficult to find data about the actual English skills — and skills gaps — of industries worldwide. Benchmark English proficiency. *****Which country is the world's leading economic power? (superpowers; geopolitics; perception) The joy of the bookstore lies in what might be called the analog experience of the physical space: Hushed page-flipping; the sound of two covers sliding against each other as a book is returned to its spot on the shelf; the quiet murmur of, “Have you read this one?”

*****Which country is the world's leading economic power? (superpowers; geopolitics; perception)

Luddites and Twitter junkies alike need insulation from the glare of screens and the sounds of speakers. Tomorrow (May 25), Amazon will open its first brick-and-mortar bookstore in New York City. The store is on the third floor of a shopping behemoth in Columbus Circle, where a Borders closed its doors in 2011, just blocks away from where a massive Barnes & Noble sold books for 16 years before it, too, closed. A second Manhattan location will open on 34th Street this summer, adding to the 13 total bookstores planned to be open by the end of the year (currently, there are six stores open).

The store is small—about 4,000 sq ft, compared to Barnes & Noble’s typical 25,000. *****Which country is the world's leading economic power? (superpowers; geopolitics; perception) *****UK regions and the countries for which they have an equivalent GDP. *****Every country with an economy bigger than California is shown in red. *****Russia: Italy's economy is a third bigger. Really puts Russia's disproportionate influence in perspective. *****Infographic: Map of global economies with GDP over one trillion US dollars. More fun maps comparing country size. Which country is the world's leading economic power?

*****City ranking: shows which city pulls talent and business. On mobile press on the GIF to stop animation to get a chance to read the #map. Fun little exercise. *****TNCs v countries: Comparing business to country. Read more. *****How do the US and Chinese economies compare? Read more. Robert Harris: Some of our great political leaders have crossed the floor. But it takes courage. *****Growth of GDP. *****Global Energy Architecture Performance Index 2017. *****Based on PISA education scores which country do US states compare to? Which countries spend the most on their military? States of Germany as Countries with Similar GDPs #Economics #Germany. This #map needs a close look as it compares cities and countries across #Europe by GDP with regions in #USA. #StockMarket size: The two biggest ones are both located in #USA (#NYC). Massive concentration of financial power. The Rebalance and Asia-Pacific Security.

In April, I laid a wreath at the Manila American Cemetery, in the Philippines, where some 17,000 Americans are buried.

The Rebalance and Asia-Pacific Security

Looking up at the mosaic maps of battles whose names still echo throughout the U.S. Department of Defense—Guadalcanal, Midway, Leyte Gulf, and more—it is hard not to appreciate the essential role that the U.S. military has long played in the Asia-Pacific. Many of the individuals buried in the cemetery helped win World War II. For the people and nations of the region, they also won the opportunity to realize a brighter future. Since World War II, America’s men and women in uniform have worked day in and day out to help ensure the security of the Asia-Pacific. We plan to do more, not less, in the Asia-Pacific for decades to come. Every port call, flight hour, exercise, and operation has added a stitch to the fabric of the Asia-Pacific’s stability. Ensuring security and upholding these principles has long been U.S. policy.

Your subscription includes: The tallest building of each year since 1900. Why China could lead the next phase of globalization. Donald Trump is on his way to becoming the 45th president of the United States.

Why China could lead the next phase of globalization

Among his promises are a 45% import tax on Chinese products, the cancellation of the Paris climate agreement and, as was confirmed today, the end of the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal. If he doesn’t go back on his plans for global trade and international affairs, Trump will give room to other nations to take the lead in shaping globalization. While the US might be taking a step back from the world – a world it helped to create, to a large extent – China in particular can be expected to take on a more prominent role. While the US is currently the world’s largest economy, in purchasing-power terms China is expected to overtake it in 2016, according to the International Monetary Fund. China has benefited significantly from globalization. Map of the Global Cities index. Global developments have had an increasing impact on contemporary cities, regions, and territories from the societal, economical and geographical points of view.

Map of the Global Cities index

Since 1998 the impact of word cities into globalization has been extensively studied by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Research Network. GaWC provides a geographic and economic based overview of the world and its evolving configuration. Particularly relevant in this discourse is its categorization of world cities into α, (β and γ tiers, based upon their international connectedness. 10 NATIONS That WILL NOT EXIST in 2115 — TopTenzNet. Very cool #dataviz compares population size by country with #GDP per capita. Takes a second to understand the chart. Worth it though... The twilight of the liberal world order.

The liberal world order established in the aftermath of World War II may be coming to an end, challenged by forces both without and within.

The twilight of the liberal world order

The external challenges come from the ambition of dissatisfied large and medium-size powers to overturn the existing strategic order dominated by the United States and its allies and partners. Their aim is to gain hegemony in their respective regions. China and Russia pose the greatest challenges to the world order because of their relative military, economic, and political power and their evident willingness to use it, which makes them significant players in world politics and, just as important, because the regions where they seek strategic hegemony—Asia and Europe—historically have been critical to global peace and stability. At a lesser but still significant level, Iran seeks regional hegemony in the Middle East and Persian Gulf, which if accomplished would have a strategic, economic, and political impact on the international system.

America’s dominance is over. By 2030, we'll have a handful of global powers. The world's political landscape in 2030 will look considerably different to the present one.

America’s dominance is over. By 2030, we'll have a handful of global powers

Nation states will remain the central players. There will be no single hegemonic force but instead a handful of countries – the U.S., Russia, China, Germany, India and Japan chief among them – exhibiting semi-imperial tendencies. Power will be more widely distributed across non-state networks, including regressive ones. The world’s top economy: the US vs China in five charts. For more than a century, the United States has been the world's biggest economy, accounting for over 24% of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016, according to figures from the World Bank.

The world’s top economy: the US vs China in five charts

Image: Visual Capitalist. What's Really Happening to Our Planet? #Demographics: change in working age population (2015-25) #India +100M #Africa +44M #Russia 0M #China -29M. India’s growth is outpacing China’s. Here’s how they did it. India’s GDP per capita (in terms of purchasing power parity) almost doubled between 2007 and 2016, from $3,587 to $6,599.

India’s growth is outpacing China’s. Here’s how they did it

Growth slowed after the 2008 crisis, hitting a decade low in 2012-2013. #GDP per country. #USA and #China grew massively. Considering their low GDP I am wondering why exactly #Russia is still so powerful. Pre-BREXIT UK was world's 5th biggest economy. Now 7th as India overtakes us. National pride shrank over the last 30 years in #Australia #USA #India #Brazil but rose in most other countries. California = economy of France. How do other US states compare? The US has the largest economy in the world. Its GDP for 2015, according to World Bank data, is over US$18 trillion.

This is $7 billion more than China’s, which is in second place. To put this into perspective, here are three maps. Africa In Data - Our World In Data. Will Africa ever change? Www.OurWorldInData.org. Comparing #GDP of #USA with #Russia & all former #SovietUnion countries reveals that economic gap is widening between the two #superpowers. Dominance of USA is over. By 2030, we'll have a handful of global powers. Fun #map shows size of #Africa. #USA & #China easily fit a few times into Africa. Don’t underestimate geopolitical impact Africa will have.

#Map shows #military #defence budgets around the world by region. #USA dominates. SaudiArabia almost as bis as #Russia. Moral And Political Chart Of The World (1827) The world's economic centre of gravity, based on GDPs & location. Governance: Vision of Humanity. Through See the latest peace news and research Contact us Vision of Humanity is an initiative of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP). IEP have offices in New York and Sydney. For more specific inquiries related to the peace indexes and research, please contact IEP directly. Media: media@economicsandpeace.org Education: educators@economicsandpeace.org Data request: info@economicsandpeace.org Sydney office PO Box 42, St Leonards, NSW 1590, Sydney Australia Tel: +61 2 9901 8500 New York office 3 East 54th Street 14th Floor New York, New York 10022 USA Tel: +1 (646) 963-2160. These are the world's most fragile states. Somalia is the world’s most fragile state, according the Fragile States Index (FSI), according to the US-based Fund for Peace.

The FSI assesses the fragility of countries based on 12 social, economic and political indicators. Since 2004, it has analyzed how wars, peace accords, environmental calamities and political movements have pushed countries toward stability or closer to the brink of collapse. Image: Fragile States Index 2016 Somalia was ranked as the most fragile state. Civil war has caused instability and violence. What would the world look like if the wealthiest parts were the biggest? How different would the world look if it was viewed in terms of key information rather than just geography?

That’s exactly what this map sets out to show us by altering each country’s size to reflect a range of key pieces of information. Image: Max Galka.