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Hazard Management

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Hazard risk management ‘lifebelt’

Disaster Risk Equation. Shelter Box. Hazard impact matrix. Risk, vulnerability, and resilience. Ignorance and complacency. Drones. Ethical code of conduct. Tourist resilience. Catastrophe theory. Inertia. "Civilization exists by geological consent, subject to change without notice." US historian Will Durant (1885-1981) (Sakurajima □ overlooking th bay of Kagoshima)… GIS hazards compared. Hazard trends. GSE Geography. Resilient infrastructure. Economic cost of hazards.

Hazard casualties compared. Hawaii EMA sur Twitter : "Get Ready Hawaiʻi. Visit each county's emergency management website for more info about county-specific preparedness tips and measures. Sign up for free text-based notifications for the latest updates on natural disasters emergen.

Mitigation v adaptation

Primary v Secondary Impacts. Park Model. FEMA in London: Insightful briefing from @EnvAgency on London’s flood defenses atop the Thames Barrier with my UK colleague Katharine Hammond, Director of the Civil Contingencies Secretariat.… Stephen Hicks sur Twitter : "Fascinating thread □ Moral issues in #naturalhazard #scicomm. Not all monitoring agencies may have the time/resources to give regular updates via social media & respond to public/media queries. External scientists can do some. The Wicked Problem of Earthquake Hazard in Developing Countries. Many developing nations in earthquake-prone areas confront a tough problem: How much of their limited resources should they use to mitigate earthquake hazards?

The Wicked Problem of Earthquake Hazard in Developing Countries

This decision is difficult because major earthquakes are infrequent, and it is unclear when one may happen, how big it could be, and how much harm it may cause. Moreover, these nations have profound immediate needs, including such ongoing rapid transformations as urbanization. Tough societal challenges for which crucial information is missing and proposed solutions involve complex interactions with other issues are called “wicked” problems [Rittel and Webber, 1973]. These contrast with “tame” problems in which necessary information is available and solutions, even if difficult and expensive, are straightforward to identify and execute.

A close look at issues involved with mitigating earthquake risk in Bangladesh illustrates what researchers and disaster managers can do address wicked problems in disaster management. UNDP Asia-Pacific sur Twitter : "HAPPENING NOW Tsunami drill with 8,700 students & teachers in 4 schools in #Tacloban City #Philippines. This is part of @UNDP and @MofaJapan_en project to prepare schools for tsunamis #90Drills w/ @UNDPPH @UNDPClimate @San. RGS-IBG Schools sur Twitter : "Revising population or natural hazards? @AndyTatem discusses how high resolution maps can aid disaster and displacement. You can download and listen here. #geographyteacher #podcast… Drought and flood risk profiles to be developed for 16 countries in Africa - UNISDR. This is an interesting insight. A common battle for earthquakes, too. Means that us credible scientists on Twitter, who may be far removed from events in a given area, also have a duty to act responsibly, supporting and promoting the work of local authori.

Stephen Hicks sur Twitter : "For most large earthquakes, global public interest drops off no later than 1 week after the event. Fascinating new #openaccess paper on Google search engine trends and earthquakes. Ever heard of the Nation’s Natural Hazards Partnership? Everything you would want to know about those managing solar flares to effusive volcanoes via floods here!

Who cleans up after hurricanes, earthquakes and war? Natural disasters touched every corner of the world in 2017. Reuters journalists were there to capture the destruction. See more from… Cost of disasters in 2017 #disasters. US to set new record in 2017 for weather & climate disasters costing $1 billion-plus when costs for #Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria are a… Deaths from natural disasters. AQA GCSE The Challenge of Natural Hazards. A whole other level. Read more. *****Inertia: Why people stay in disaster-prone cities. The 2017 hurricane season has brought unprecedented destruction to the Caribbean and southern United States.

*****Inertia: Why people stay in disaster-prone cities

As millions of people around the world have watched these events unfold from afar, no doubt some have found themselves wondering why people continue to live in places under threat from natural disasters – and even return to rebuild these places after they’ve been destroyed. As a senior lecturer in government and public policy, I take a strong interest in these matters. After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita devastated portions of the US Gulf Coast in 2005, I conducted a survey of people who survived those hurricanes, as well as those who had followed the media coverage from other hurricane-prone areas in the US. Natural hazard risk: is it just going to get worse or can we do something about it? Tomorrow’s risk is being built today.

Natural hazard risk: is it just going to get worse or can we do something about it?

We must therefore move away from risk assessments that show risk at a single point in the present and move instead towards risk assessments that can guide decision makers towards a resilient future. – Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (2016) But how can we do this? What decisions can we make today that will reduce the future risk of natural hazards, especially in a time of climate change?

As an example, let’s take Adelaide, the South Australian capital, which is home to about 1.3 million people. #Map by @Monde_diplo shows which environmental challenges nations will have to face. This will create millions of environmental refugees. NOAA: U.S. has experienced six billion-dollar weather disasters since June. *****We need to stop calling disaster 'natural' @ODIdev's @katiepetersodi in @TheEconomist explains why. *****National Risk Register of Civil Emergencies – 2017 Edition.

*****UK Risk Register: How climate change in arctic could cause tsunamis in UK Our @drsuedaw. *****How Cuba and Puerto Rico responded to their hurricanes - BBC News. Image copyright Getty Images If Hurricane Irma hitting Cuba and Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico had one thing in common it was that - despite ample warning - they seemed to take many by surprise.

*****How Cuba and Puerto Rico responded to their hurricanes - BBC News

It was an odd similarity given the long lag-time between the storms forming and making landfall on the two islands. While certainly accustomed to living through hurricanes, people in both capitals, Havana and San Juan, were perhaps guilty of a degree of complacency on this occasion. "It's going to head north before it reaches us," was the blithely confident comment I heard from several residents in Havana before Irma struck. Others simply thought it would lose most of its power by the time it reached the Cuban capital. They were proved wrong in devastating fashion. A week later, Puerto Ricans certainly knew Maria was going to be bad as she was bearing down on them, yet many did little or nothing to prepare for the worst. Too late to phone home now. Hell hath no fury like Mother Nature scorned... #geographyteacher #naturalhazards 2017, so far!

*****Inertia: Find it difficult to understand how people leave their pets behind during the hurricanes,dont consider them part of the family?dont have one. There are now 400 extreme weather events every year, four times as many as in 1970. This #map will probably not be retweeted by @VisitTheUSA... via Tornado Intercept on Facebook. @geography_kes @MunichRe @esriuk @GIS4Schools. This was a huge success last year for KS3 Tectonics- online Hazard Risk from @munichre that Ss enjoyed using & showed real-life application. *****'Shock Doctrine': The Worst of Donald Trump’s Toxic Agenda Is Lying in Wait – A Major U.S. Crisis Will Unleash It.

During the presidential campaign, some imagined that the more overtly racist elements of Donald Trump’s platform were just talk designed to rile up the base, not anything he seriously intended to act on.

*****'Shock Doctrine': The Worst of Donald Trump’s Toxic Agenda Is Lying in Wait – A Major U.S. Crisis Will Unleash It

But in his first week in office, when he imposed a travel ban on seven majority-Muslim countries, that comforting illusion disappeared fast. Fortunately, the response was immediate: the marches and rallies at airports, the impromptu taxi strikes, the lawyers and local politicians intervening, the judges ruling the bans illegal. The whole episode showed the power of resistance, and of judicial courage, and there was much to celebrate. Some have even concluded that this early slap down chastened Trump, and that he is now committed to a more reasonable, conventional course. That is a dangerous illusion.

*****NASA's plan for an Earth-bound asteroid? Crash into it. It’s a popular movie plot: an asteroid is heading for earth and a team of scientists - or Bruce Willis - emerge as heroes, saving the day and the planet.

*****NASA's plan for an Earth-bound asteroid? Crash into it

But this storyline is close to becoming reality: a NASA strategy to deflect asteroids that threaten to hit Earth has been moved into the design phase and it’s a strategy that involves a spacecraft smashing into the oncoming rocks. NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test or DART, designed by scientists at Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, will first create a deliberate collision between a spacecraft the size of a refrigerator and an asteroid that currently poses no threat to Earth. The idea is that the crash will cause the asteroid to gradually shift its orbit and that this technique could be used against larger asteroids on a collision course with the planet.

The asteroids chosen for the test are known as Didymos, Greek for twin, so called because they are in fact an asteroid binary system consisting of two bodies. Share. *****Pacific Disaster Center. We’re thrilled to announce a new initiative w/ @facebook, “Disaster Maps”, to better assist disaster-hit communities. #inequality's been a major driver of #disaster #risk throughout history, says expert #FadiHamdan. #MEXICOGP2017 #GlobalGoals #climatechange. *****Turns out a Volcano eruption is newsworthy after 1 death whereas a famine is interesting to media consumers after 38,920 deaths.

Application - Stakeholder Steering Committee - Global Compact on Migration Preparatory Process. How have hazards impacted your state? Check out the maps at #HCAbriefing @aaas @geosociety @SeismoSocietyAm @theAGU. $175 bn economic & global insured disaster losses in 2016, highest since 2012 @SwissRe #switch2sendai #MEXICOGP2017. #Gender #inequality's a driver of #disaster #risk, @HibaQasas of @UN_Women tells #EFDRR. Powerful point. #MEXICOGP2017 #DRR. Sacramento Ready. Hazards in Our Area Learn about the various disasters and emergencies that can happen within Sacramento County, and how to prepare for them.

Sacramento Ready

Prepare your emergency kit First aid kit, water, medication, contacts information. Emergency Kit. This is IKEA's flatpack refugee shelter. Read more. #Disaster deaths falling but costs skyrocketing. #Business #resilience is key. Great #SendaiAmericas @ariseinitiative meet. #MEXICOGP2017. *****How good are earthquake hazard maps? Interesting article on challenges of assessing their effectiveness. Deaths caused by disasters - Top 10 countries. Source. Safer Cities & Urban Development. *****Physics of inertia. *****Wildfires: "More than a plane, it's an angel" - tackling Chile's worst forest fires in decades. *****Inertia: UK Police defend choice to warn thousands to evacuate as storm falters.

Police and Environment Agency officials today defended their decision to warn tens of thousands of people living near the east coast of England to leave their homes because they were at risk of flooding.

*****Inertia: UK Police defend choice to warn thousands to evacuate as storm falters

Thousands were evacuated on Friday after the Environment Agency issued 17 severe weather warnings – which warn of danger to life – with people living in Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex told they were most at risk. But in the early hours of Saturday the final tranche of those who had heeded the warnings and left – a group of residents from Jaywick, Essex – were told they could return home. While they expressed relief that the predicted storm surge had failed to deliver the chaos expected, some questioned whether the warnings had been necessary. Many had refused to leave their homes, despite an emergency services evacuation plan and pleas from Essex police for them to move to safety. Resident Brenda Smith, 71, one of those who refused to leave, described the warnings as a “load of rubbish”. These are the risks the world is most likely to face in the next 10 years. Read more.

You live in a world full of risks. These are the biggest. The past year will be remembered for dramatic political results that broke with consensus expectations: Brexit, the surprise election victory of Donald Trump, the ongoing refugee crisis, increasing geopolitical tensions and the continued threat of terrorism all left their stamp on 2016.

You live in a world full of risks. These are the biggest

As the World Economic Forum looks at perceived risks in its 2017 Global Risk Report, some of these trends come out very clearly as pressing concerns for our future. ***Extreme weather tent could help millions of homeless people. Live Earthquakes Map. Favourite image from @RGS_IBGschools A2 study day - global risk map - essential for synoptic essays #geography. Scroll to p80+97 Hazard CS rev: P,S,ST,LT quadrants. Pakistan's plan to cut disaster risk aims at a new target: ... Effort to cut child deaths includes new construction standards for schools, evacuation drills and putting climate risks into the curriculum By Saleem Shaikh SAJAWAL, Pakistan, Oct 24 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When seven hours of non-stop rain led to a flash flood that swept through his village school, leaving it heavily damaged, science teacher Ali Zamin Samejo had to be hospitalised for shock.

Pakistan's plan to cut disaster risk aims at a new target: ...

"I passed out in a matter of seconds in the morning, seeing my school knocked down by the devastating flood," remembers the 35-year-old, fighting back tears. What worried him most about the 2010 flood in Ghorabari, about 200 kilometres from Karachi, was whether his 22 students would be able to continue their education, he said. 'We can replace material possessions, but we cannot replace people': #UNSG Ban Ki-moon calls for a drive to curb #disaster toll. #IDDR2016.

Thursday is International Day for #Disaster Reduction. What's it all about? Watch to find out. #IDDR2016 #LiveToTell #switch2sendai. Reducing the risk from natural disasters means looking to the past, as well as the future. Reducing the risk from natural disasters means looking to the past, as well as the future. In disaster risk management, we often pay close attention to the latest technological boosts to better understand risks and help communities prepare for the next disaster.

While such efforts are commendable, I noticed that insightful messages from our ancestors can also help us better anticipate tomorrow’s disaster risks. Such messages teach us how to keep hazards away from people (reducing existing risks) as well as how to keep people away from hazards (avoid creating new risks). On my latest trip to Japan, we hosted government officials from Armenia, Kyrgyz Republic, and Tajikistan as part of an experts’ visit focusing on disaster risk management, acting on Japan’s rich culture of passing on such decisive messages to future generations.

In Japan, information on natural hazards seems ubiquitous. Made some posters for the classroom on the 3Ps for earthquake risk management. Download here #geographyteacher. 'Freaks on the peaks': the lonely lives of the last remaining forest fire lookouts. For Levi Brinegar, alone atop his mountain, a storm can feel like the end of the world. Clouds swallow the peak, winds howl and lightning blazes. “The tower shakes. During the last one the windows cracked. The lightning was 50 feet away. Europe to strengthen tsunami alert system. The 1755 Lisbon earthquake and tsunami claimed tens of thousands of lives. Tsunami risk has a low profile in Europe, but the North Atlantic, Mediterranean and Black Sea coasts have been hit by deadly waves throughout history.By Jonathan Fowler BUCHAREST, 27 September 2016 – Nations on the North Atlantic, Mediterranean and Black Seas have decided to bolster their tsunami warning systems by giving France, Greece, Italy and Turkey a regionwide alert role.

The decision came at a meeting of the 39-country Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Tsunami Early Warning and Mitigation System in the Northeastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Connected Seas – the ICG/NEAMTWS – which is part of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UN science agency UNESCO. An estimated 130 million people live on the ICG/NEAMTWS countries’ coasts, and the numbers swell in the tourist season, while the role of the region’s ports in international trade also makes it crucial to address risk.

Radio, flashlight and winding generator all in one. It also works on 2×AA batteries. 1: Cardboard Tubes - 10 Technologies That Help Buildings Resist Earthquakes. And what about developing countries, where it's not economically feasible to incorporate anti-earthquake technologies into houses and office buildings? Are they doomed to suffer thousands of casualties every time the earth shakes? Not necessarily. Teams of engineers are working all over the world to design earthquake-resistant structures using locally available or easily obtainable materials. For example, in Peru, researchers have made traditional adobe structures much stronger by reinforcing walls with plastic mesh.

In India, engineers have successfully used bamboo to strengthen concrete. Even cardboard can become a sturdy, durable construction material. Economic loss is concentrated in high-income countries, in relative terms it is far greater problem for low income countries #switch2sendai. Tokyo quake drill focuses on tourist language barrier. Image copyright KAZUHIRO NOGI/AFP/Getty Images Tokyo has carried out an earthquake drill focusing on how to safely evacuate masses of foreign tourists when faced with a language barrier. The exercise took place on the 350m (1148ft) high observation deck of Japan's tallest building, Tokyo Skytree, and involved evacuating more than 100 foreigners down to ground level, the Asahi Shimbun newspaper reports.

Emergency response officials carried portable translation devices to communicate with visitors individually, allowing spoken Japanese to be translated into three languages - Korean, Chinese and English. Innovative Christchurch buildings designed to beat quakes. Image copyright AFP A severe earthquake off the north-east New Zealand coast last week served as a stark reminder of why the country is nicknamed the Shaky Isles.

More than 15,000 earthquakes are recorded in the South Pacific nation each year, but only about 150 are large enough to be felt. The 7.1 quake sparked a tsunami warning and reportedly caused some damage to property but no injuries. India gets tsunami-ready. Dr Srinivas Kumar Tummula demonstrating the Indian Tsunami Early Warning System in Hyderabad earlier today.By Sarah Wade-Apicella HYDERABAD, 6 September 2016 - Communities, local authorities and national disaster management authorities from 24 Indian Ocean countries are gearing up to put to the test their tsunami readiness during the 2016 tsunami mock drill “IOWave16” beginning tomorrow.

Christchurch Rocks: 13 things I learned. Thirteen things I learned from an earthquake: The Southern sky is a beautiful thing, especially on a cloudless night. Olympic task: Tokyo is already in crisis management mode for 2020 Games. With four years to go until it hosts the Olympics, Tokyo has already had to contend with several crises. AJEM Housing construction in earthquake-prone places: Perspectives, priorities and projections for development. Decrepit infrastructure denies millions urgent natural disaster aid, study says. Earthquake-proof buildings save lives @Profiainstewart. Can we use volcanoes to cool the Earth off? KalypsoWorldPhotography Exactly two centuries ago this summer, it was winter. A snowstorm in early June 1816 surprised New England, Ontario, and Quebec with a foot of snow. Below-freezing temperatures killed crops throughout the Northeast, forcing thousands of farmers to up and move west in search of warmer pastures.

In Europe, the cold air was wetter and soaked the continent for more than 120 of the 150 days of summer; floodwaters displaced thousands. NATHAN Risk Suite - Profile. COP21 WeatherDisastersReport 2015 FINAL.