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*****Day 22 (movement): GlobOILisation - Oil #30DayMapChallenge - Energy pathways. *****Energy pathways: Why does the Strait of Hormuz matter? News BBC News Navigation Sections Previous Next Media player Media playback is unsupported on your device Jump media player Media player help Out of media player.

*****Energy pathways: Why does the Strait of Hormuz matter?

Why does the Strait of Hormuz matter? Video Why does the Strait of Hormuz matter? After the US pulled out of the international nuclear agreement with Iran, Tehran said it will not negotiate another deal with Washington. There has been a deterioration in relations between the US and Iran since April, when the US ended sanctions exemptions, effectively banning all Iranian oil exports. Iran has threatened that if its oil exports are stopped, then no oil can pass the Strait of Hormuz.

But, why is this strait so important? 7h ago Go to next video: Aboard a US warship in the Arabian Sea More On: Iran Video Top Stories More from BBC Reel Must See Most watched Why you can trust BBC News. Nord Stream 2: Trump approves sanctions on Russia gas pipeline. Media playback is unsupported on your device President Donald Trump has signed a law that will impose sanctions on any firm that helps Russia's state-owned gas company, Gazprom, finish a pipeline into the European Union.

Nord Stream 2: Trump approves sanctions on Russia gas pipeline

The sanctions target firms building Nord Stream 2, an undersea pipeline that will allow Russia to increase gas exports to Germany. The US considers the project a security risk to Europe. Both Russia and the EU have strongly condemned the US sanctions. Congress voted through the measures as part of a defence bill last week and the legislation, which described the pipeline as a "tool of coercion", was signed off by Mr Trump on Friday. Why is the US against the pipeline? The almost $11bn (£8.4bn) Nord Stream 2 project has infuriated the US, with both Republican and Democratic lawmakers opposing it. President Trump has said the 1,225km (760-mile) pipeline, owned by Russia's Gazprom, could turn Germany into a "hostage of Russia". Image copyright Reuters. #BalticPipe @NordStream2 #NordStream2 #Russia #NaturalGas The Baltic Pipe, a €1.6bn project linking Poland with Norway’s gasfields, will shake up energy markets in central Europe…

Happy New Year. Every red arrow is the current position of a petroleum tanker.… Russia's Taymyr plan: Arctic coal for India risks pollution. Image copyright Getty Images Natural riches come in two conflicting types in Russia's Arctic north: valuable minerals and spectacular wildlife.

Russia's Taymyr plan: Arctic coal for India risks pollution

But sadly for many threatened species, the decline in Arctic sea ice has created a new economic opportunity for Russia in their remote habitat. In a decree last year President Vladimir Putin ordered Russian firms to boost cargo traffic on the Northern Sea Route to an annual 80m tonnes by 2024. Ambitious energy co-operation deals were signed with India in Vladivostok, in Russia's far east, in October.

One centres on a big open-cast coal mining project in the Taymyr Peninsula, in the far north of central Siberia. The area is rich in high-quality coking coal (anthracite), used to make steel and aluminium. Dharmendra Pradhan, India's Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, said: "We are the second largest coal importer in the world, and we intend to achieve production of 3m tonnes of steel per year by 2030, so we need to increase coal supplies.

" #RussianGas #TurkStream #NordStream2 Moscow’s construction of new pipelines such as Nord Stream 2 and TurkStream will add capacity for Russia’s natural gas exports to Europe while… The U.S. Fifth Fleet said two oil tankers were damaged in an incident near the Strait of Hormuz that one of the ships’ operators described as a suspected attack. Oil prices surged. Bill Browder sur Twitter : "Huge list of the most powerful MEP's from wide range of European countries challenging Angela Merkel's inexplicable decision to support Nord Stream 2, a gas pipeline that will make Germany even more dependent on Putin's caprici. #Map shows where oil exports form #Iran go to. Half go to #China and #India combined. Even if Europe falls away as a buyer China and India might buy enough to avoid a major crisis in Iran?… Steven Bernard sur Twitter : "MAP: How to get a map of Russia into a mobile and still retain the detail? Change the map orientation. Great article by @FinancialTimes @HenryJFoy. Awesome work by @caletilford building the page #gistr.