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*****USA solar: The Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System. Solar accounts for 2x+ more American jobs than coal.

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*****Time lapse of Carbon Monoxide @ surface, 2017-01-15 to 2017-03-01, from NASA's GEOS-5 model. *****Animated #map shows population density across different European cities. Helps to understand #geography of city. *****UK coal: Fiddlers Ferry & Aberthaw didn't run at all during April. None of UK coal plants ran for more than 20% of hours – @AuroraER_Oxford. *****Frontier hydrocarbons: China makes 'flammable ice' breakthrough in South China Sea - May. 19, 2017. The fuel-hungry country has been pursuing the energy source, located at the bottom of oceans and in polar regions, for nearly two decades.

*****Frontier hydrocarbons: China makes 'flammable ice' breakthrough in South China Sea - May. 19, 2017

China's minister of land and resources, Jiang Daming, said Thursday that the successful collection of the frozen fuel was "a major breakthrough that may lead to a global energy revolution," according to state media. Experts agree that flammable ice could be a game changer for the energy industry, similar to the U.S. shale boom. But they caution that big barriers -- both technological and environmental -- need to be cleared to build an industry around the frozen fuel, which is also known as gas hydrate. Related: OPEC 'no longer in control' of oil prices China, the world's largest energy consumer, isn't the first country to make headway with flammable ice. *****Wind farms not competing with average cat for bird-deaths. *****How Australia can use hydrogen to export its solar power around the world. Nearly a century ago, British scientist JB Haldane saw an energy future in which wind power would be used to generate hydrogen; a fuel he described as, weight-for-weight, the most efficient known method of storing energy.

*****How Australia can use hydrogen to export its solar power around the world

He thought this future was four hundred years away, but the so-called “hydrogen economy” may arrive a lot sooner thanks to a recent burst of innovations in hydrogen generation, storage, transport and use. And it could open a new energy export market for Australia. Hydrogen itself isn’t actually a fuel – it’s an energy carrier. The gas is produced by splitting water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen by the electricity-driven process electrolysis.

That hydrogen is then condensed under pressure and at very low temperatures into a liquid, which can be used in much the same way as petrol and diesel, or it can be used in fuel cells to generate electricity. Hydrogen’s greatest asset is its potential to be the ultimate source of clean energy. *****#Map shows how dependent European countries are on #gas from #Russia. #Renewables are a #geopolitical asset too! Energy / Superpower geographies / *****Electric personal aircraft / hovercraft: One way to beat the traffic. Read more. *****World's first solar-powered road. *****Tropical Cyclone Donna from space earlier today. *****Linescapes - Caught by the River (ecosystem fragmentation and restoration) Linescapes: Remapping and Reconnecting Britain’s Fragmented Wildlife by Hugh Warwick (Square Peg, hardback, 264 pages.

*****Linescapes - Caught by the River (ecosystem fragmentation and restoration)

Out now and available here.) Review by Sue Brooks Before reading Linescapes, I went back to Chapter 5 in Hugh Warwick’s The Prickly Affair (2008), to enjoy once again the account of a solo trip to China to track down Hemiechinus hughi – a hedgehog about which almost nothing is known, and of which there are no photographs. *****Designing for sustainability? Join the Re-Generation @DrDCWahl Used in our #Sustainability Msc. *****Cartoon: Trump's EPA has started to scrub climate change data from its website #ScienceNotSilence. *****Solar fuels could be Australia’s biggest energy export #hydrogen #cleantech. *****Posters Imagine National Parks in 2050 under a Changed Climate. *****UK launches ‘world first’ research programme into negative emissions. The public money will fund projects exploring the real-world potential of “negative emissions” technologies (NETs), including soil carbon management, afforestation, bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), enhanced weathering and direct capture of methane from the air.

*****UK launches ‘world first’ research programme into negative emissions

NETs will “almost certainly be needed” to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change, one of the researchers tells Carbon Brief. Yet there is huge uncertainty over whether it will be possible to deploy them quickly – and at scale – without causing knock-on environmental and social problems. The new research programme is designed to investigate their potential, as well as the political, social and environmental issues surrounding their deployment. It is coordinated by the UK’s government-funded National Environment Research Council (NERC). Carbon Brief has the details. Paris goals Most of them agreed it was highly unlikely to be possible. New research. .@emmie_cowie @6TH_GUARDS_TANK @chrissy_weather @saloplarus Today's max temp was only 12.4 °C at Cardiff, making it the first day in over a month that nowhere in the UK has exceeded 13 degrees! *****Solar power might be getting cheaper (chart), but most things don't run on it #climate.

*****China building a new 'Silk' Road: Trade; Infrastructure. *****Land of Giants - artistic pylons created for Iceland by Choi+Shine Architects… *****FSC Cuckoo Survey - FSC. At one time Cuckoos were part of every-day life and people thought of them as one of the best signs that spring is finally here.

*****FSC Cuckoo Survey - FSC

Cuckoos are disappearing from our countryside and scientists are trying to understand why this is happening. If you hear a Cuckoo we’d like to know. Use the button below to be taken to our data entry form. Once we’ve got your information we’ll put it all onto a map so you can see where all your sightings were made.

We should be able to see how Cuckoos spread across the country during the spring and see which areas still seem to have lots of Cuckoos and which areas seem to have lost them. Enter a Cuckoo Record View Cuckoo Records on the Map. *****MSH: Relive the #1980 eruption of #MountStHelens week of April 24- As tourist season approaches, #volcano remains closed. At the moment, we don't know of any marine #invasive species on #SouthGeorgia...these monitoring plates have been installed to double check.

*****Infrastructure and development: It will be the longest sea crossing in the world. Read more. *****"What if cure for cancer is trapped inside of the mind of someone who can't afford an education?" This animated map captures the most alarming scientific milestone for 2016. *****First coal-free day in Britain since Industrial Revolution. Britain went a full day without using coal to generate electricity for the first time since the Industrial Revolution, the National Grid says.

*****First coal-free day in Britain since Industrial Revolution

The energy provider said Friday's lack of coal usage was a "watershed" moment. Britain's longest continuous energy period without coal until now was 19 hours - first achieved last May, and again on Thursday. The government plans to phase out Britain's last plants by 2025 in order to cut carbon emissions.

Friday is thought to be the first time the nation has not used coal to generate electricity since the world's first centralised public coal-fired generator opened in 1882, at Holborn Viaduct in London. Today saw 24 hrs of no coal. Last week saw 73% of power from low carbon sources. Change we can believe in?#noCoalDay. *****Sedum moss on a small roof: My own modest contribution towards @LondonNPC #NationalParkCity, a whole 5m2 of sedum #greenroof #SuDS @Sudsulike @theCCCuk. *****Rose diagrams for temp, rain, sun: Good luck if you’re running @LondonMarathon this weekend! Keep ahead of the forecast at #LondonMarathon.

*****It looks likely that today will be the first ever working day in Britain without #coal since the industrial revolution! *****If you were born after Dec. 1964, you’ve never experienced a month cooler than average on Earth. @ClimateCentral. *****“March set a remarkable new record for global warming, NOAA reports” by @climateprogress. *****Europe's #Coal Power Is Disappearing Quicker Than Anyone Thought. Japan now has more electric car charge points than gas stations. *****American energy use in one flow chart (energy mix) Live CO2 emissions of electricity consumption. *****Shimla and Idaho: two new, and very different, landslide videos - The Landslide Blog - AGU Blogosphere. Shimla landslide video An excellent video has been posted on Youtube of a landslide that occurred at Shimla in Himachal Pradesh in India on 7th April.

*****Shimla and Idaho: two new, and very different, landslide videos - The Landslide Blog - AGU Blogosphere

The landslide has occurred on a slope that appears to have been cut as part of a construction project that is in the foreground: The apparent lack of slope support at this site seems bizarre given the materials from which this slope is formed: Landslide on a cut slope at Shimla in India, via Youtube I have to admire the coolness of the construction workers, who seem remarkably unconcerned about this developing slope failure.

It appears the the highway is the road that links Shimla and Chandigarh. *****7 Then-and-Now Photos Reveal How 100 Years Of Climate Change Damaged Arctic Glaciers. *****This robot can build a house faster than human (automation) *****Exxon was early on projecting impact of global carbon emissions w/ decent accuracy. They knew what they were doing. *****Infographic: How is rising population impacting carbon emissions, plastic production and chickens? #ASmarterWorld. *****Why China has become the world leader in renewable energy @TheEconomist. *****Top 10 greenhouse gas emitters accounted for 2/3 of the world's emissions. *****We must reach peak carbon emissions by 2020, says former UN climate chief.

The ticking clock counting down to disaster is a Hollywood staple.

*****We must reach peak carbon emissions by 2020, says former UN climate chief

James Bond and other movie heroes often take us to within seconds of armageddon before choosing the correct wire to snip or delicately removing the trigger from the latest doomsday device. Now, Christiana Figueres, the former Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, is using Hollywood’s technique of narrow escapes for the launch of her latest crusade to save the world from the ravages of uncontrolled climate change.

Using #2020DontBeLate, the campaign pinpoints 2020 as the ‘climate turning point’, the last moment at which we can still roll back the clock and reverse the effects human activity has already had on our planet’s climate. Three years to prevent a climate disaster “Everyone has a right to prosper, and if emissions do not begin their rapid decline by 2020, the world’s most vulnerable people will suffer even more from the devastating impacts of climate change. Share. *****Earth, Then and Now: Dramatic Changes in Our Planet Revealed by Incredible NASA Images. If you compare some of the photographs which can be found on NASA’s website, you can really see how human beings have changed the appearance of our world over the years.

*****Earth, Then and Now: Dramatic Changes in Our Planet Revealed by Incredible NASA Images

The time difference between these images ranges from five to 100 years. Incredible stuff. Pedersen Glacier, Alaska. Summer, 1917 — summer, 2005. Aral Sea, Central Asia. Lake Oroville, California. Carroll Glacier, Alaska. Powell Lake, Arizona and Utah. Last weekend the energy generated from solar panels hit a record high! Check out our solar design guide here.

*****Renewables' deep-sea mining conundrum. Image copyright NOC/NERC British scientists exploring an underwater mountain in the Atlantic Ocean have discovered a treasure trove of rare minerals.

*****Renewables' deep-sea mining conundrum

Their investigation of a seamount more than 500km (300 miles) from the Canary Islands has revealed a crust of "astonishingly rich" rock. Samples brought back to the surface contain the scarce substance tellurium in concentrations 50,000 times higher than in deposits on land. Tellurium is used in a type of advanced solar panel, so the discovery raises a difficult question about whether the push for renewable energy may encourage mining of the seabed. *****Ireland is set to be the first nation to completely cut investment in fossil fuels #climate.

*****Invasive species / Alien species: Life on Earth is getting a major redistribution, and the consequences are serious. Last year in Paris, for the very first time, English sparkling wine beat champagne in a blind tasting event. Well established French Champagne houses have started buying fields in Britain to grow grapes, and even the royal family is investing in this new venture. At the same time, coffee-growing regions are shrinking and shifting. Farmers are being forced to move to higher altitudes, as the band in which to grow tasty coffee moves up the mountain. The evidence that climate change is affecting some of our most prized beverages is simply too great to be ignored. So while British sparkling wine and the beginning of the “coffeepocalypse” were inconceivable just a few decades ago, they are now a reality. Dramatic examples of climate-mediated change to species distributions are not exceptions; they are fast becoming the rule. These changes are already having serious consequences for economic development, livelihoods, food security, human health, and culture.

*****Energy pathways (shipping routes): Major Choke Points in the Persian Gulf and East Asia. The flow of international trade has always been subject to geopolitical risk and conflicts. At all stages of the supply chain, trade inherently faces challenges posed by the geopolitical realities along a given route. Some routes are more perilous and harder to navigate than others. One such trade route is the maritime path for delivering oil from Persian Gulf producers to East Asian consumers. *****Ever cheaper solar energy: The Increasing Returns on Investment of #Solar Energy by #tripleimpactsolutions #renewables #renewableenergy. *****In 2016 alone, US solar created more new jobs (51,000) than there are coal miners still working in the US (50,200). Today saw 4 records. Highest ever solar generation: 26% Highest ever renewable generation: 47% Highest ever low carbon generation: 71% #wow! *****Great Barrier Reef at 'terminal stage': scientists despair at latest coral bleaching data.

Back-to-back severe bleaching events have affected two-thirds of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef, new aerial surveys have found. The findings have caused alarm among scientists, who say the proximity of the 2016 and 2017 bleaching events is unprecedented for the reef, and will give damaged coral little chance to recover.

Scientists with the Australian Research Council’s Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies last week completed aerial surveys of the world’s largest living structure, scoring bleaching at 800 individual coral reefs across 8,000km. The results show the two consecutive mass bleaching events have affected a 1,500km stretch, leaving only the reef’s southern third unscathed. Where last year’s bleaching was concentrated in the reef’s northern third, the 2017 event spread further south, and was most intense in the middle section of the Great Barrier Reef.

*****As coral on Great Barrier Reef bleaches for second year in a row, a reminder of sea temperature trends in the region. *****A pool with a glass bottom. *****U.S. Energy Production Through The Years (time slide maps) Total Energy Produced Source: *****The best countries in Europe for using renewable energy. The share of renewables energy used in the EU has risen to almost 17% in 2015. That’s double the 2004 share of 8.5%, and within range of the 2020 target of 20%. Two years after the financial crisis, the EU put in motion a ten-year jobs and growth strategy, Europe 2020. *****Epping Forest: The Peoples’ Forest. This month, the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)’s Discovering Britain walk takes Laura Cole to the ancient woodland of Epping Forest For more great walks, trails and viewpoints, be sure to check out the new Discovering Britain Facebook page by clicking here. In Epping Forest, enclosure is a dirty word. *****Kentucky Coal Mining Museum will now run on solar power.

*****“Stunning drops in solar and wind costs turn global power market upside down” by @climateprogress. *****Ecological footprint: Somebody finally measured humanity's impact on Earth. And here's the answer. *****How do the US and Chinese economies compare? Read more. ****Svalbard mean air temperature above 0℃ for the first time ever! #Arctic (Enhanced fig of tweet by @klatola ) ****How do we measure the age of Greenland's ice? With satellite data, aircraft instruments & ice cores of course! #EarthSci.

*****REDD: Indigenous peoples in Colombia play crucial role in the fight against climate change. Elizabeth Apolinar enjoys her job as a lawyer in the bustling center of Bogotá these days. But now and then she misses the traditional life she used to lead deep in the heart of the Colombian jungle. Apolinar is originally from a community called the Sikuani. The Sikuani people are a pueblo indigena, an indigenous people, one of about 100 indigenous ethnic groups in Colombia. *****"Electricity demand in Great Britain was lower during the afternoon than it was overnight due to high solar generation" *****A gaping wealth divide. Read more.

*****Student bookmark: Vocabulary for essay writing. Overview. *****Dark skies disappearing - Night time lights in China: 1992, 2001, and 2010 Imagery. *****Strong, co-ordinated transport policies in all regions will be needed to reach 2°C Scenario goals. *****Sustainable energy debate: Does ‘green energy’ have hidden health and environmental costs? (theconversation)

There are a number of available low-carbon technologies to generate electricity. But are they really better than fossil fuels and nuclear power? To answer that question, one needs to compare not just the emissions of different power sources but also the health benefits and the threats to ecosystems of green energy. Production of electricity is responsible for about a quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions, and demand is poised to rise as underserved populations connect to the grid, and electronics and electric vehicles proliferate. So stopping global warming will require a transformation of electricity production. But it is important to avoid various environmental pitfalls in this transition, such as disrupting ecosystems and wildlife or causing air pollution. *****#Renewableenergy is the major growth story in all of our World Energy Outlook 2016 scenarios by @IEA.

*****IEA Report: World Energy Outlook 2016. Forbes Welcome. *****US solar industry now employs more workers than oil and gas, says report. *****Maps show #electricity by fuel type in #UK. In Europe rule of thumb is the more #gas the more dependent on #Russia. *****Climate pledge further out of reach - 'business as usual' Funding boost to help save England's rarest species from extinction. Efforts to save some of England’s rarest species, including the shrill carder bee and the chequered skipper butterfly, from extinction are being backed by £4.6m in lottery funding. *****Impact of Trump on climate change policies. *****Chart: The Largest Companies by Market Cap Over 15 Years. The Oil Barons have been replaced by the Whiz Kids of Silicon Valley The Chart of the Week is a weekly Visual Capitalist feature on Fridays.

*****Uber for bikes: how 'dockless' cycles flooded China – and are heading overseas. On a 30ft-wide screen in Hangzhou’s public bike share office, the counter ticks up relentlessly: 278,812 … 278,847 … 278,883 … Another 40 cycle rentals every couple of seconds. The system will easily top 350,000 before this bitterly cold winter day is out. *****Meet the newest type of cloud: asperitas clouds. *****Could these megaprojects help Africa become a renewable superpower? Read more.

*****Pleasure periphery: Parking at the Grand Canyon, 1914. *****My Life as a Young Bat Enthusiast by Maisy Inston. When I was two years old, my mum and I decided to watch a bit of telly. I have no memory of this but the programme I watched was about bats and how misunderstood they were. *****Thirsty mangroves cause unprecedented dieback - JCU Australia. *****Coriolis Effect: Von Kármán vortex in action swirling downwind of a mystery island, but, #WhereOnEarthIsThis? Get voting!

10 myths about climate change. *****The Arctic Is Integral to U.S. National Security incl video. *****World population by region from 1950 to 2100 (animated chart). CC @BernardSalt @Daniel_Sankey @CodyPhelan. New North Sea Wind Power Hub Could Supply 70-100 Million People With Renewable Energy By 2050. *****This Hawaiian island will be powered by nothing but solar #energy.

See the movie that has moved & delighted audiences everywhere. #HiddenFigures in cinemas now. In 2001 Venezuela was the richest country in South America; it is now among the poorest. *****Who'll help Antarctica? Claimed by everyone, protected by no one. *****Aerosol mitigation: US scientists launch world's biggest solar geoengineering study.