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Great extract from @GeographicalMag □□ #geographyteacher.

East Mediterranean (Turkey, Greece, Cyprus)

Russia v Saudi. Transition and geopolitics. Dakota spill. Dakota spill. Coal. Trump on energy. Dependence in Russia. Fracking. Suffolk coastline at Bawdsey - where the green energy will be coming ashore from Scottish Power's East Anglia One windfarm #SPRrenewables #ScottishPower #offshorewind #EastAngliaTWO #jmurphyandsons #aerial #aerialimage #aerialview #aerialphotography #Niko.

Tar sands. Graveney solar farm proposal. "There's trouble in the air at Willow Hall Farm Staines, over a pylon" *****Oil drilling on Leith Hill. Sale of Arctic oil leases goes bust salon. Sale of Arctic oil leases goes bust Trumponomics fails its first test “The Arctic Refuge isn’t a bank, drilling ther…

Treaty Alliance Against Tar Sands Expansion TAATSE #WaterIsLife #TarSands An expression of Indigenous Law prohibiti… *****ANWR Senate passes bill that offers a chance to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to drilling. After Eastenders, so many kettles are turned on that Britain has to borrow power from France. Modern piracy is bigger problem than you might think. And it has an age-old solution. *****There may be a huge flaw in UK fracking hopes – the geology. Gas is hugely important to the UK.

*****There may be a huge flaw in UK fracking hopes – the geology

The country uses more than 65 billion cubic metres to heat most of its 25m homes and generate around a quarter of its electricity each year. Despite efforts to move to renewable energy sources such as wind and solar, demand for gas is likely to remain high for the foreseeable future. Until 2004 all the gas the country needed was sourced from the UK, primarily from the North Sea and East Irish Sea.

There may be a huge flaw in UK fracking hopes – the geology. Fracking: TEACHERS TOOLBOX - Induced Seismicity: Hydraulic Fracturing, Wastewater Injection, and #Earthquakes #Fracking. Fracking: Gas leaks from faulty wells linked to contamination in some groundwater. Fracking: who’s who in the race to strike it rich in the UK. In The Frackers, a book about the fracking industry in the US, Gregory Zuckerman tells the story of “new billionaire wildcatters” who made fortunes and went on to use their wealth to shake up Hollywood, education, politics and sport.

Fracking: who’s who in the race to strike it rich in the UK

In the UK, a similar book would present a very different narrative, as local anger and government delays slow the expansion of the industry. *****Fracking UK: Environment Agency extends N Yorkshire fracking consultation HT @johnsco50466144. *****Lake Kivu gas: Turning an explosion risk into a power source (methane) More than 1,000 people died in 1986 when a lake in Cameroon released a cloud of CO2 that suffocated entire villages.

*****Lake Kivu gas: Turning an explosion risk into a power source (methane)

A much larger lake in Rwanda - with two million people living nearby - is also at risk of eruption, but plans are afoot to make it safer. In the early evening on Lake Kivu, along Rwanda's border with the Democratic Republic of Congo, lights bob on the surface of the water. *****#Map shows how dependent European countries are on #gas from #Russia. #Renewables are a #geopolitical asset too! Energy / Superpower geographies / *****Land of Giants - artistic pylons created for Iceland by Choi+Shine Architects… *****Top 10 greenhouse gas emitters accounted for 2/3 of the world's emissions.

*****Energy pathways (shipping routes): Major Choke Points in the Persian Gulf and East Asia. The flow of international trade has always been subject to geopolitical risk and conflicts.

*****Energy pathways (shipping routes): Major Choke Points in the Persian Gulf and East Asia

At all stages of the supply chain, trade inherently faces challenges posed by the geopolitical realities along a given route. Some routes are more perilous and harder to navigate than others. One such trade route is the maritime path for delivering oil from Persian Gulf producers to East Asian consumers. It faces two critical choke points that are unavoidable given geographic constraints. The Persian Gulf is a leading oil-producing region, accounting for 30% of global supply.

The two straits are geopolitical choke points because geographic limitations and political competition threaten access to these routes. Before we begin… UK advertising watchdog admits it was wrong to ban Greenpeace fracking advert. The UK’s advertising watchdog has admitted it made the wrong decision when it banned a Greenpeace advert last year which claimed fracking would not cut energy bills.

UK advertising watchdog admits it was wrong to ban Greenpeace fracking advert

The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) originally ruled in May 2015 that the advert was misleading due to the green group’s statement that experts agreed fracking would not reduce energy costs. *****Sustainable energy debate: Does ‘green energy’ have hidden health and environmental costs? (theconversation) There are a number of available low-carbon technologies to generate electricity.

*****Sustainable energy debate: Does ‘green energy’ have hidden health and environmental costs? (theconversation)

But are they really better than fossil fuels and nuclear power? To answer that question, one needs to compare not just the emissions of different power sources but also the health benefits and the threats to ecosystems of green energy. Production of electricity is responsible for about a quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions, and demand is poised to rise as underserved populations connect to the grid, and electronics and electric vehicles proliferate. So stopping global warming will require a transformation of electricity production. *****Maps show #electricity by fuel type in #UK. In Europe rule of thumb is the more #gas the more dependent on #Russia. *****Energy pathways and piracy: Japan has worked with various countries to maintain peace & order off Somalia’s coast since 2009 #maritime #security. *****The Arctic Is Integral to U.S. National Security incl video. Interviewee: Thad W.

*****The Arctic Is Integral to U.S. National Security incl video

Allen, Executive Vice President, Booz Allen HamiltonInterviewer: Jonathan Masters, Deputy Editor March 22, 2017 The Alaskan Arctic represents “the fourth coast of the United States” and should be a major consideration in discussions of U.S. national security, says Thad Allen, co-chair of CFR’s Independent Task Force on the Arctic. Its new report urges actions to safeguard U.S. strategic and economic interests in the Arctic, including building ports and icebreaking ships, appointing an Arctic ambassador, and ratifying the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). In 2001 Venezuela was the richest country in South America; it is now among the poorest. Norway fund could trigger wave of large fossil fuel divestments, say experts.

Norway’s decision to dump all coal-focused investments from its $900bn sovereign wealth fund could unleash a wave of divestment from other large funds, according to investment experts.

Norway fund could trigger wave of large fossil fuel divestments, say experts

The fund, the largest in the world, is one of the top 10 investors in the global coal industry. The move, agreed late on Wednesday, is one of the most significant victories to date for a fast-growing and UN-backed fossil-fuel divestment campaign. Shell’s sale of dirty tar sands assets cleans up debt and spruces image. When Shell sold most of its Canadian tar sands operations last week, the Anglo-Dutch oil company took a modest step towards making good on its promise to be part of the solution on global warming, rather than the problem.

Shell’s sale of dirty tar sands assets cleans up debt and spruces image

Tar sands are reviled by climate change campaigners as one of the dirtiest forms of energy. The sands are a glutinous, bitumen-addled mix when extracted from the ground and a huge amount of energy is need to turn them into synthetic crude oil. Leading scientists have warned that exploiting tar sands would be “game over” for tackling climate change, and Shell has faced shareholder rebellions in the past over the risks it faced from exploiting the carbon-intensive oil. But the $7.25bn (£6bn) sale of the majority of its tar sands assets to an independent Canadian oil company is less about the company cleaning up its image than about cleaning up its debt. “There is a low-carbon element because these are some of the most carbon-intensive barrels in the oil sector. Fracking Frenzy. Atlantic Coast Natural Gas Pipeline.

Fracking Frenzy

Virginia, USA EJO's: Richmond Resistance Free NelsonCompanies: Dominion Resources , Duke Energy, Piedmont Natural Gas Belcoo Community Fracking Blockade, Northern Ireland, UK EJO's: Fermanagh Fracking Awareness Network (FFAN) Love Leitrim Belcoo Frack FreeCompanies: Tamboran Resources Urraca Fracking Project by BNK Petroleum en Burgos, Spain EJO's: Ecologistas en Acción Greenpeace España Amigos de la Tierra Eguzki BNK Petroleum Inc. Fracking in California, USA EJO's: Environment California: Clean Water Action, Sierra Club, California against Fracking: Courage Campaign: Daily Kos: Food and Water Watch: Presente: Forecast the Facts: Western States Petroleum Asociation Chevron Shale Gas, Romania Companies: Chevron Corporation Elsipogtog First Nation v.

*****Could youth save the world? This climate lawsuit could change everything. No wonder the Trump administration doesn’t want it going to trial. The Justice Department building in Washington. (J. David Ake/AP) A groundbreaking climate lawsuit, brought against the federal government by 21 children, has been hailed by environmentalists as a bold new strategy to press for climate action in the United States. But the Trump administration, which has pledged to undo Barack Obama’s climate regulations, is doing its best to make sure the case doesn’t get far.

The Trump administration this week filed a motion to overturn a ruling by a federal judge back in November that cleared the lawsuit for trial — and filed a separate motion to delay trial preparation until that appeal is considered. Will big banks pay price for Dakota Pipeline? WASHINGTON — It took less than 24 hours after President Trump signed an order directing an expedited review of the Dakota Access Pipeline for Daily Action, a liberal activist group, to decide where its best hope of leverage was — calling on followers to divest themselves of the U.S. commercial banks involved in financing the project.

The group, an affiliate of the political action committee Creative Majority, sent a directive Jan. 25 to more than 100,000 subscribers asking them to terminate banking relationships with Wells Fargo, Citigroup and others involved in the pipeline. “If you bank at Wells Fargo or Citi or SunTrust, it’s time to call and tell them that if they don’t reconsider their investment in DAPL as it currently stands, you’ll be moving your money elsewhere — and be prepared to actually do it,” the group said.

“The front lines can be wherever you are," Woodley said. Donald Trump actually has very little control over green energy and climate change. Yes, there are reasons to fear an impending environmental disaster: Donald Trump has spent much of his campaign claiming the mantle of climate-change-denier-in-chief, and his vice-presidential running mate isn’t much better. Now they are mulling their picks for key Cabinet posts: Interior Secretary Sarah “Drill, baby drill” Palin, if elephant hunter Donald Trump Jr. doesn’t get that gig?

Energy Secretary Harold Hamm, if the oil and gas mogul decides he is willing to spend the Trump administration outside the private sector? Environmental Protection Administrator Myron Ebell, unless the fringe-hugging climate skeptic dismantles the agency instead? And yes, Trump often airs unfounded concerns about wind and solar energy related to bird safety and outdated notions of how long it takes for investments in renewable power to pay off. It's a number-plate nerd's dream. 1. Powerful photo 2. I'm shocked that USA can't solve #StandingRock issue in an open transparent national dialogue but needs military. How Canada got cool. It’s a land of striking beauty and vast wilderness, but Canada has traditionally had a bit of an image problem. Today in Ladybird 16 Feb 1972 in sixth week of miners' strike, electricity to homes begins to be switched off on a rota basis.

Frightened by Donald Trump? You don’t know the half of it. Green movement 'greatest threat to freedom', says Trump adviser. The environmental movement is “the greatest threat to freedom and prosperity in the modern world”, according to an adviser to the US president Donald Trump’s administration. Gingrich Suggests Ways to Guide Trump on Science and Environment. Newt Gingrich, a political ally of President Donald Trump, offered two alternatives on Wednesday for dealing with the new administration on science, environment, and sustainability issues. Can #climatechange be noticed locally? Common Sense Climate Index (CSCI) looked at that in '98 and updated for 2017. Trump's 'control-alt-delete' on climate change policy. Image copyright Getty Images Are the recent actions taken by the Trump team on the issues of climate and energy the opening shots in a war on knowledge?

The National Park Service tells me those @BadlandsNPS tweets were from a former employee and the account was “compromised." They are shutting down the Badlands National Park Twitter feed, so Golden Gate is taking up the torch. Thank @BadlandsNPS for telling the truth on #ClimateChange. Saskatchewan Oil Spill: Drinking Water Could Be Unsafe For Months, Government Warns. Husky's oil pipeline broke due to ground movement, report says - Saskatchewan. Ground movement, described as geotechnical activity in a report released Thursday, was the reason a section of Husky Energy pipeline ruptured, spewing oil into the North Saskatchewan River and imperilling water sources for thousands of residents in communities downstream of the leak. Canada oil pipeline spills 200,000 liters on aboriginal land. By Ethan Lou and Alastair Sharp| CALGARY, Alberta/TORONTO CALGARY, Alberta/TORONTO A pipeline in the western Canadian province of Saskatchewan has leaked 200,000 liters (52,834 gallons) of oil in an aboriginal community, the provincial government said on Monday.

Today in Ladybird 15 Dec 1974: as oil prices escalate new speed limits are introduced in Britain to try to curb fuel use. 6 things to know about Russia’s economy. Chart of the day: Speculators are all-in on oil. This is what happened the last time bullish bets took over. Expanding Tar Sands Will Kill Paris Targets and Climate Stability, Report Finds. Canada can’t increase tar sands production or build more pipelines if the world is to achieve the targets on global carbon emissions set by the Paris Agreement on climate. That’s the central conclusion of a new report by Oil Change International (OCI), a U.S. research and advocacy group dedicated to exposing the full costs of fossil fuel extraction. Rex Tillerson vote. Stop #fracking meeting in #totnes this Sunday. 7-9 pm. #frackoff.

Activist investor ramps up pressure on Shell to act on climate change. Fracking: Gas leaks from faulty wells linked to contamination in some groundwater. ***Trump, Putin and the Pipelines to Nowhere – Alex Steffen – Medium. Britain facing energy crisis that could see families pay extra to keep the lights on, Ofgem executive says. The Gulf of Mexico Is Being Destroyed by Thousands of Invisible Oil Spills. Just a year after the first public demonstration of television, this was in Metropolis (1927) Hundreds attend oil drilling protest walk to Leith Hill Tower - Get Surrey. Fossil Fuel Industry Has Known Since 1967 That Injection Wells Cause Earthquakes, Despite Denials. Theconversation. The new cold war: drilling for oil and gas in the Arctic. *NIMBY: Hundreds attend oil drilling protest walk to Leith Hill Tower - Get Surrey.

**The new cold war: drilling for oil and gas in the Arctic. Fort McMurray tar sands, Alberta, Canada (Timelapse – Google Earth Engine) Toyota, in about-face, may mass-produce long-range electric cars: Nikkei. Opinionated videos to provoke class discussion! #edchat #ukedchat. Karl Ove Knausgaard condemns Norway's Arctic oil plans.

Obama puts Arctic Ocean off limits for drilling in last-ditch barrier to Trump. This #map helped me to understand the whole #StandingRock #NoDAPL issue. #Cartography to the rescue! Fracking impact on CO2 cuts in US emissions 'a myth' Fake Twitter Army That Trolls Renewable Energy Linked To Mining Lobby - BuzzFeed News. I mean, what could possibly go wrong? Government upholds fracking appeal in landmark ruling.

National Trust under fire over Snowdonia hydroelectric plan. Standing Rock Sioux tribe claims small victory in pipeline battle. US government halts oil pipeline opposed by Native Americans. Adani Carmichael mine in Queensland gets another green light from Coalition.