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Development and connections

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Teaching Development

Dependency Theory (Frank) LICs NEEs HICs. Rostow Model. 3D Jobs. Sustainable development. These just get better @ruth_mottram @icey_mark… Aid. Brandt. Cash crops. Country case studies. Cultural colonisation (cocacolonisation / MacDonaldisation) Development challenging charts. Development Indicators. Development projects. Factfulness. Factors - climate change. Factors - Landlocked or not. Fairtrade. Food insecurity. Inequality incl Gini.

Models of development (Theories of Development)

NGOs

SDGs. Trading groups / Trade blocs / Regional Development. The largest trading partner for each country. @McKinsey_MGI map. 6 things to know about global trade in 2016. If anything encapsulates our complex, uncertain, uncooperative world in 2016, it’s trade.

6 things to know about global trade in 2016

For decades seen as a powerful force for good – enhancing growth, competitiveness and living standards – trade made greater integration within the global economy seem more or less inevitable. But it hasn’t benefited all participants equally, and while hundreds of millions of people have been lifted out of poverty by the global economic growth it engendered, trade has laid waste to entire industries, stripping away livelihoods and hopes and helping give rise to an upsurge in nativism and nationalist politics.

Finding ways to retain the positive aspects of trade and investment will now be a key priority for leaders. With big-ticket trade deals taking years to negotiate and seemingly months to unravel, options may remain limited. "With these photos, I hope to add nuance to our understanding of Pakistan," says photographer Matthieu Paley. Lusophone map - Legend Of Polyglot: The History of the Portuguese-speaking World. The Portuguese-speaking world consists of nine independent countries around the world.

Lusophone map - Legend Of Polyglot: The History of the Portuguese-speaking World

These eight other countries have been former colonies of Portugal. There are also places where the Portuguese language has a significant role like in Macau, China or Goa in India. There are all the posts that I have written about all the Portuguese speaking countries underneath the map. Total: 9 Africa (6) Asia (1) Europe (1) South America (1) Brazil. How 'guerilla' start-ups can make the word a better place. At the Stockholm Tech Fest this year, Swedish entrepreneur Niklas Zennström issued a rare and refreshing call to implement the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in their next startup idea.

How 'guerilla' start-ups can make the word a better place

As founder of Skype, he knows a thing or two about opportunity-spotting. What can 13th century European clocks tell us about economic growth today? “Remember that time is money.”

What can 13th century European clocks tell us about economic growth today?

Already in 1748, Benjamin Franklin underlined in a short contribution to a business manual that the temporal aspect is a pivotal variable for the economy. This statement is even more relevant to today's business activities. The precise measurement of time is fundamental to schedule business meetings exactly on the minute and the hour, to have opening hours for retail business, or to synchronise exchange activities on financial markets. The measurement of time allows monitoring and coordinating production processes and it is crucial to improving labour efficiency (Landes 1983, Mokyr 1992). Indeed, improving coordination and reducing transaction costs are so basic and self-evident that the underlying need for a common precise time measurement gets almost forgotten.

A brief history of time. An intellectual revolution is coming, says Robert J. Shiller. NEW HAVEN – For the past several centuries, the world has experienced a sequence of intellectual revolutions against oppression of one sort or another.

An intellectual revolution is coming, says Robert J. Shiller

These revolutions operate in the minds of humans and are spread – eventually to most of the world – not by war (which tends to involve multiple causes), but by language and communications technology. Ultimately, the ideas they advance – unlike the causes of war – become noncontroversial. Isobar: The vaccine fridge that could save lives – with help from Einstein. Transporting vaccines to every corner of the globe is one of the key health priorities of our time, but every year thousands of life-saving medicines are lost through inadequate storage.

Isobar: The vaccine fridge that could save lives – with help from Einstein

This may no longer be the case, thanks to the inventiveness of a 22-year-old graduate from the United Kingdom. Will Broadway’s invention is made even more interesting by the fact that his idea is based on a 100-year-old discovery made by Albert Einstein. Image: Isobar Dyson Award Keeping vaccines at a constant cool temperature is critical to their effectiveness, but as they travel to remote locations electric refrigeration is not always possible. Ice packs are often used as a substitute, but these can end up freezing the vaccines, rendering them less potent. Centroids: The world's economic centre of gravity, based on GDPs & location. Sustainable development: Efficient cookstoves save trees - and chickens - in Kenya. A wood-saving stove that doubles as a chicken brooder is raising incomes and cutting deforestation in Laikipia County By Moraa Obiria GICHANGI, Kenya, Aug 26 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Farmers in Kenya's Laikipia County have found a clever way to reduce their use of wood for fuel while raising more chickens for cash: an efficient ceramic cooking stove that doubles as a chick brooding box.

Sustainable development: Efficient cookstoves save trees - and chickens - in Kenya

The locally built stove, used for cooking and home heating in the cool region, contains a separate warming area where chicks can be kept to keep them healthy and safe, farmers say. The innovation has helped reduce demand for wood in a country hard-hit by deforestation while keeping more chickens alive and raising incomes, farmers say. Explicit cookie consent. The Geography of U.S. Inequality. A chart has been making the rounds among the wonky corners of the internet.

The Geography of U.S. Inequality

Nicknamed the elephant chart because of its peculiar shape, it has a big hump showing rising incomes for the world’s middle class, leading into a deep trough for the world’s upper middle class, then rising into another peak for the world’s wealthiest. To make the shape more obvious, some people on the internet have even drawn feet and ears on the graph. But it isn’t meant to provoke laughs. Made by Branko Milanovic, an economics professor at the City University of New York, the chart forcefully shows how incomes for the middle class have risen in emerging economies like China and fallen for the lower middle class in advanced economies like the United States. Two economists have developed a new measure that could be an improvement on GDP. Gross domestic product often gets confused for a measure of economic well-being.

Two economists have developed a new measure that could be an improvement on GDP

That’s understandable given how often GDP or GDP growth rates gets held up as the key measure of economic health. But should policymakers really care about how much an economy produces every year in and of itself? Political prize on offer to party who can ‘make Britain work for everyone’ When asked which political party is most committed to tackling poverty in the UK, 36% of voters said they didn’t know, the same number as who identified Labour as the political party as most committed to tackling poverty. 10% said the Conservatives, followed by UKIP (6%), the Greens (5%) and the Lib Dems (4%).

Political prize on offer to party who can ‘make Britain work for everyone’

Research for JRF last week showed how people earning less than £20,000 a year, with lower qualifications and living in low-skilled areas were the driving force behind the vote to leave the European Union. America’s Shocking Maternal Deaths. Photo The rate at which women die during pregnancy or shortly after childbirth has fallen sharply in many nations as maternal care has improved. The United States — and particularly Texas — is a glaring exception. In Texas, for instance, according to a study in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, the maternal mortality rate doubled from 17.7 per 100,000 live births in 2000 to 35.8 in 2014. Compare that with Germany, which had 4.1 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2014. In California, the rate fell from 21.5 in 2003 to 15.1 in 2014, but in the remaining 48 states and the District of Columbia the rate increased from 18.8 in 2000 to 23.8 in 2014.

A farmer’s fact-finding journey from cocoa bean to chocolate bar. Satellite images used to predict poverty. Image copyright AFP Researchers have combined satellite imagery with AI to predict areas of poverty across the world. There's little reliable data on local incomes in developing countries, which hampers efforts to tackle the problem. A team from Stanford University were able to train a computer system to identify impoverished areas from satellite and survey data in five African countries. The results are published in the journal Science. Neal Jean, Marshall Burke and colleagues say the technique could transform efforts to track and target poverty in developing countries. "The World Bank, which keeps the poverty data, has for a long time considered anyone who is poor to be someone who lives on below $1 a day," Dr Burke, assistant professor of Earth system science at Stanford, told the BBC's Science in Action programme.

Only one part of the iPhone comes from America. And that just comes out of the ground. @techinsider chart. How We Share the World. This interactive graphic shows how the world is divided according to six different socioeconomic variables. The land area of each country represents its share of the worldwide total. Click on a circle to reshape the map. America's unequal schools. This map is a visualization of average high-school SAT and ACT scores and median household income. Each circle on the map is a high school with at least 150 students, and the size and color of the circle give information about the average college-readiness scores at this school.

The circles change from red to green and increase in size as scores go up; the blue background gets darker with increasing household income. Students are not considered college ready until they have ACT scores of about 21 or higher and/or SAT scores of about 1000 or higher. New York City This map reminds us that education in our country is still separate and unequal, especially in our large urban centers. In the interest of promoting awareness and encouraging conversation around educational inequality, we are providing this national map of the educational achievement and opportunity gap. Los Angeles. Tag: Red Cross.