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*****NYT best-selling author Tim Marshall on 2020 geopolitical flashpoints incl demography of Arab world. Twitter. *****Spatial bellicosity: 4500 years of Battles in 5 minutes #map #maps #history #war #wars #battle #battles… Why is the world at war? We live in a world of trouble.

Why is the world at war?

Conflicts today may be much less lethal than those that scarred the last century, but this brings little comfort. #History lesson: #Map shows the main conflicts of the 1990s. Lucky you if you spent the 90s in #USA #Australia or central #Europe as these areas were especially peaceful and stable. Source https. Top locations to be during a world war (to avoid conflict that is) must include #NewZealand and #Chile.

Are we heading for nuclear war? This is what game theory tells us. “Are we headed for a nuclear war?”

Are we heading for nuclear war? This is what game theory tells us

It’s the question hanging over, well, basically everyone these days, as North Korea flaunts new developments in its nuclear weapons program, threatening the United States, and President Trump promises “fire and fury” in response. Those tensions seem to be easing as of Wednesday, when Trump wrote on Twitter that "Kim Jong Un of North Korea made a very wise and well reasoned decision," possibly referencing a seeming pause in Pyongyang's anti-U.S. threats.

But the episode remains frightening, and it's all the more so because making predictions about nuclear war is deeply difficult. While history is full of case studies about what causes nation states to launch conventional war, the U.S. bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are (thankfully) the lone examples of atomic attacks — and those were with weapons orders of magnitude less powerful than the current nuclear arsenal. That’s where game theory comes in. This interview has edited for length and clarity. Share. *****#Map: share of population killed in WWII in #Europe. A reminder that peace not economics must always be prioritized. *****Traffic Jam near the Brandenburg Gate as East Germans move into West Berlin after the fall, 1989. The territory of Ukraine, occupied by Russia, in comparison with other… #Russia #Sizecomparisonmaps #Ukraine. Drone footage reveals the extent of the destruction in Mosul, Iraq.

*****Occupation zones of France during the Second World War - Source: Wikipedia. 7 Maps to Help Make Sense of the Middle East. This amazing tangled knot of a diagram, made by U.K. data journalist David McCandless, displays the key players and notable relationships in the Middle East.

7 Maps to Help Make Sense of the Middle East

However what it communicates clearest of all is something you no doubt already know: The Middle East is a confusing place. While the seven maps below don’t provide an exhaustive list of the facts, figures, rivalries, or conflicts in the Middle East, they do give some insight into the trends and forces that drive them. And hopefully, they are helpful in making sense of the region. 1) From the Middle East’s Baby Boomers to its Millennials, Education Has Come a Long Way This map shows regional literacy rates for two different age groups: ages 14 to 24 and ages 65 and up. We might see more images of #war today but the world is actually more peaceful nowadays.

Every country in red is involved in a territorial dispute with another country. *****Artillery fire at night, on the Western Front, in WW1 (1917) *****Map of the Cold War in 1980. *****Global Peace Index 2017 (Story Map) *****Global peace index 2017. #Scandinavia top. #Africa bottom. #USA ranks 114 out of 163. *****A Tangled Web of Alliances (military pacts e.g. NATO) In his farewell address, George Washington warned, “It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliance with any portion of the foreign world.”

*****A Tangled Web of Alliances (military pacts e.g. NATO)

Thomas Jefferson echoed the same sentiment at his inauguration: “peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations; entangling alliances with none.” Since then (really, since WWII), the U.S. has done just the opposite, accumulating defense pacts with 64 other countries, representing about 25% of the world’s population. If one of those 64 countries is attacked, the U.S. may be obligated to provide active military support. America’s defense pacts, along with those of the rest of the world, are shown as lines in the map below. The pacts include bilateral agreements from one country to another, as well as large multilateral agreements between many countries (for example, NATO). Bubble size = population.Click a bubble to show only that country’s defense pacts.Press the orange button to switch between Venn Diagram and World Map views. Trump's refusal to commit to Nato's Article 5 is an invitation to Putin to try it on with the Baltic States.

People killed in terrorist attacks in Western Europe, 1970-2015. Who sells weapons to who? This puts US in an awkward position: @USNavy 5th Fleet based at #Bahrain while @CENTCOM has thousands of personnel in #Qatar. Visualizing the global reach of US sanctions. List of phrases a refugee in a camp in Greece asked me to translate to Greek / most tragic found poetry #refugeesGr. .@saryghadi returns to Mosul to see how areas recaptured from IS have been damaged, seek to return to normality. #dataviz WIP The Length of American Participation in Wars. The UK's terror threat level is at 'critical' for the first time in a decade. Our analysis. This is what terrorism does to your brain. "If you’re going through hell, keep going." They are from the Blackburn interfaith forum. They travelled to Manchester together this morning to see the flowers and to pray.

This is incredible. The Burj Khalifa in Dubai lit with the Union Jack in solidarity with #Manchester. The number of deaths in UK terrorism attacks is relatively low now compared to the 70s and 80s. How to Make Maps and Influence People. Geoff McGhee is a journalist and data visualizer at Stanford University’s Bill Lane Center for the American West.

How to Make Maps and Influence People

Melting the Ice Curtain: islands on the Russia/US border. Two islands, divided by an international border and separated by geopolitics, are on the verge of being reunited.

Melting the Ice Curtain: islands on the Russia/US border

But will fractured US-Russian relations stand in the way? Between eastern Russia and the western edge of Alaska sit two small islands: Big Diomede and Little Diomede. The islands are separated by just four kilometres of ocean, the international date line and the Russian-United States border. Thou shalt kill? Soldiers pay moving tribute to 8 million horses, donkeys, and mules who died during the First World War. The largest gun ever, ''Gustav'', occupied 2 parallel railway tracks and fired shells over 10 ft long. Twitter. *****U.S. missile defense assets, mapped (cold war / war / nuclear / defence) Take A Look Inside This Luxurious $17.5M Nuclear Bunker Which Can Withstand A 20-Kiloton Nuclear Blast. West Germans stare down the East after a young woman made it across the line. *****Opening of the first McDonald's in the Soviet Union, Moscow, 1991.

Traffic Jam near the Brandenburg Gate as East Germans move into West Berlin after the fall of the Berlin Wall. 1989. Berlin - 1989. Britain's 'big bang' in Heligoland, 70 years on. This animated map shows how World War I changed Europe's borders. Newest progress map from @TheStudyofWar on #Iraqi #Mosul liberation, Special Thanks! to @JennyCafarella and #ISW #DefeatDaesh. *****What's Really at Stake for America in Yemen's Conflict - The Atlantic. What the hell is going on in Yemen?

*****What's Really at Stake for America in Yemen's Conflict - The Atlantic

*****Hope in a picture. #Aleppo. Emmeline public feed. National Geographic Australia - National Geographic. By the time the United States entered World War I, 100 years ago today, the conflict had been raging in Europe for nearly three years.

National Geographic Australia - National Geographic

It was to become one of the deadliest wars in human history, claiming more than 15 million lives. Advances in military technology—including more lethal artillery and rapid-fire machine guns— contributed to the heavy toll. Maps, too, played a role. Recent cartographic innovations allowed artillery gunners to fire at targets they couldn’t directly see and aim their guns without first firing “ranging shots” that would ruin the element of surprise. Airplanes—another relatively recent invention—allowed both sides to update their maps daily with the positions of enemy troops. Here's @amnesty @AmnestyUK on #Sur #Diyarbakır and here's full report @AIUK_Turkey.

Oh the sweet charming innocent island nation of England. 2 April 1989. An editorial in the "New York Times" declared that the Cold War was over. #OTD 1978: In the event of a nuclear attack, Hinton pub landlord Mike Cunningham was Britain's first line of defence. Little Islands Big Trouble Mapping The South China Seas’ Maritime Disputes. Amazing bit of evidence for students doing Cold War abt Reagan's atittude. The Other WWII American-Internment Atrocity : Code Switch.

Pribilof Island residents evacuated on U.S.

The Other WWII American-Internment Atrocity : Code Switch

Army Transport Delarof, in June 1942. National Archives, General Records of the Department of the Navy hide caption toggle caption National Archives, General Records of the Department of the Navy Pribilof Island residents evacuated on U.S. Most American school children learn that Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, leading us to join World War II. In June 1942, Japan invaded and occupied Kiska and Attu, the westernmost islands of Alaska's Aleutian Chain, an archipelago of 69 islands stretching some 1,200 miles across the North Pacific Ocean toward Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula.

Shortly after Japan's invasion, American naval personnel arrived with orders to round up and evacuate Aleuts from the Aleutian Chain and the Pribilof Islands to internment camps almost 2,000 miles away near Juneau. "If you think nationalism is a welcome breath of fresh air, think again: It is the road to war." - Frans Timmermans. Is this the end of the West, asks Joschka Fischer. BERLIN – Now that Donald Trump has been elected President of the United States, the end of what was heretofore termed the “West” has become all but certain.

Is this the end of the West, asks Joschka Fischer

China hits back at US over South China Sea claims. The growth & scale of Israeli settlements in the West Bank. @dwnews chart. Fragility in Europe is on the rise, and we’re not doing enough to respond. European security has entered a period of intense fragility. Three broad factors are now at play. Taken together, they make it all the more difficult to implement coherent responses. The Apocalypse is 30 seconds closer, say Doomsday Clock scientists. The Doomsday Clock is now at 2 minutes 30 seconds to midnight. Business Insider; Shutterstock A group of eminent scientists behind the "Doomsday Clock" has symbolically moved its time 30 seconds closer to midnight.

My latest hotspot just out @GeographicalMag contemporary dogs, Cold War era whales and a Russian president #geopolitics #animals. The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists keeps a #DoomsdayClock. Here's a look at some of its movements. Percentage of Europeans who are willing to fight a war for their country. 1. We're seeing a grand experiment in what happens to different parts of the world when the withdrawal of US power suddenly seems possible. Travel advice from the Norwegian foreign department (2017 vs 2015) #Norway #Travel. This is how Russia could sweep NATO from the Baltic Sea.

If the Baltics are a flashpoint where a war between Russia and NATO breaks out, it might be the Baltic Sea where those first shots are fired. Things are so tense that during his Senate confirmation hearings, retired Marine General James Mattis indicated he supported a permanent U.S. military presence in the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. A paratrooper assigned to Company D, 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry Regiment, 173rd Airborne Brigade, launches a missile from a Tube-launched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided missile system at a live-fire training exercise in Drawkso Pomorskie, Poland, as part of Operation Atlantic Resolve Aug. 19.

The operation includes combined training exercises with U.S., Polish, Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian military forces to foster cohesive relationships and demonstrate a commitment to NATO obligations. (U.S. Army photo by Spc. Tensions in that region have been high. So, America has an obligation to defend them. U.S. *Syria is complicated: Getting this off my chest #Aleppo #Syria.

As Allied forces advance in Europe west, south & east, Soviet poster exults: "The hour approaches! The German monster will face retribution" Areas under Allied and Japanese control at the time of Japan's surrender on August 15, 1945 - Who Has Embassies in North Korea - Is this the end of the West, asks Joschka Fischer. Richmond Golf Club Rules, 1940. Excellent map illustrating the number of #troops #Russia keeps near #NATO borders and within #occupied territories. Areas in the U.S. closed to travel for USSR citizens. Ohhhh @seatsixtyone. Britain to send hundreds more troops close to Russia border in largest deployment since Cold War. Anger as Spain lets Russian warships refuel on way to back Aleppo bombing. Spain is facing criticism for reportedly preparing to allow the refuelling of Russian warships en route to bolstering the bombing campaign against the besieged Syrian city of Aleppo. TV Review of the Week: HyperNormalisation. Live Russian fleet off Ramsgate en route to Syria 21 Oct 2016.

Pizza Hut Gorbachev TV Spot Commercial :60 International version. A Jewish woman and a Palestinian woman protesting together in 1973, 1992, and 2001. Japan-based Peace Boat, in London as part of a three-month "global peace voyage", turns in the Thames near Tilbury. Arctic nations square up as clamour for resources grows. Kristian Jensen, Denmark’s foreign minister, gave a precise response last week to a request by Russia for the nations to enter bilateral talks over the ownership of the north pole. Cold war: Iceland (the country) may sue Iceland (the chain) over name.

The Icelandic government has confirmed it is considering launching a lawsuit against British supermarket Iceland over its name. Interactive map - Uppsala Conflict Data Program UCDP. Military Spending - Our World In Data. Military spending is intimately linked to war. BRL Radiac Calculators 1 and 2. In Tikrit, there's a monument of the shoe that Iraqi journalist Muntadhar al-Zeidi hurled at George W Bush during a press conference. China's Artificial Islands Are Bigger (And a Bigger Deal) Than You Think.

How Google Maps Alters Borders Based on the Country You’re Viewing From #maps.