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The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre , also known as the Rape of Nanking , was a mass murder and war rape that occurred during the six-week period following the Japanese capture of the city of Nanking (Nanjing), the former capital of the Republic of China , on December 13, 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War . During this period, hundreds of thousands of Chinese civilians and disarmed soldiers were murdered by soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Widespread rape and looting also occurred. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] Historians and witnesses have estimated that 250,000 to 300,000 people were killed. [ 5 ] Several of the key perpetrators of the atrocities, at the time labelled as war crimes , were later tried and found guilty at the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal , and were subsequently executed. Another key perpetrator, Prince Asaka , a member of the Imperial Family , escaped prosecution by having earlier been granted immunity by the Allies .
The Rape of Nanking, 1937 I n 1931, the Japanese occupied the Chinese province of Manchuria transforming it into a Japanese puppet state. It was the first step in Japan's drive to control all of China.
Facing the Darkness: Sunnyvale writer Iris Chang confronts a black chapter in Sino-Japanese history with 'The Rape of Nanking.' Photo by Christopher Gardner Sunnyvale-based author Iris Chang gives voice to a new era of Chinese activism--much of it based in Silicon Valley--which may force Japan to confront its World War II atrocities, still largely unknown to the world a half-century later By Ami Chen Mills
In December of 1937, the Japanese Imperial Army marched into China's capital city of Nanking and proceeded to murder 300,000 out of 600,000 civilians and soldiers in the city. The six weeks of carnage would become known as the Rape of Nanking and represented the single worst atrocity during the World War II era in either the European or Pacific theaters of war. The actual military invasion of Nanking was preceded by a tough battle at Shanghai that began in the summer of 1937. Chinese forces there put up surprisingly stiff resistance against the Japanese Army which had expected an easy victory in China.
NANJING: Sixteen more items giving evidence of the Japanese invaders' atrocities during World War II have been donated to the Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre. The donation came as the city marked the 72nd anniversary of the massacre yesterday. The items were donated by a Japanese man surnamed Ohigashi, who has given the memorial hall more than 1,000 items in the past, local sources said over the weekend. The new items include a copy of the Japanese newspaper Osaka Mainichi Shimbun dated Sept 20, 1937, which carries a report of the Japanese aircraft bombing Nanjing, capital of Jiangsu province. An introduction by the Japanese army recorded the battles they fought in Nanjing. The most valuable pieces, according to Zhu Chengshan, curator of the memorial hall, were 13 photos and an envelope.