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Coût réel de l'électricité : l'audition d'Henri Proglio (II) > Electricité. La Commission d’enquête sénatoriale sur le coût réel de l’électricite créée sur l’initiative du groupe écologiste a auditionné le 14 mars 2012, Henri Proglio, l’actuel président-directeur général d’Électricité de France. La liste des questions est répertoriée ici. Réponses de M. Henri Proglio, PDG d'EDF. Monsieur le président, monsieur le rapporteur, madame, messieurs les sénateurs, je vais vous lire les réponses qui ont été préparées aux questions qui nous ont été adressées par écrit. Je vous prie de bien vouloir me pardonner l'emploi d'un vocabulaire technique. Je commencerai par les premières questions de M. le rapporteur sur les tarifs régulés et sur les coûts réels de l'électricité.

Aujourd'hui, les tarifs régulés de l'électricité, et plus globalement les prix payés par l'ensemble des consommateurs français, sont très largement inférieurs à la moyenne des prix des pays européens. Cela représente un gain de pouvoir d'achat pour les ménages de l'ordre de 300 euros par an. Ground-breaking French Study should stop further expenses on the so-called super-grid. The purpose of the "super-grid", of which in a very small way the new Irish inter-connector is an example, is that wind power (and PV) surpluses in one part of Europe will find value and be exported to other parts of Europe where and whenever there is a dearth.

Ground-breaking French Study should stop further expenses on the so-called super-grid

Hubert Flocard's comprehensive analysis (download here) shows the extent to which the whole concept is invalid. His empirical analysis across all Western Europe, shows that wind power peaks and troughs are pretty much simultaneous. Return of the P-Word.

Transparency

Electricity. Britain may need national 'energy buyer' to avoid shortages, reg. Electric output dips 3.7% in 2009 - Jan. 12, 2010. By Hibah Yousuf, staff reporterJanuary 12, 2010: 5:39 PM ET NEW YORK (CNNMoney.com) -- The nation's economic decline led to the biggest drop in electric output since 1938, according to an industry trade group.

Electric output dips 3.7% in 2009 - Jan. 12, 2010

Prices. What is energy efficiency doing to power demand? Maybe something real. Macquarie Equities Research said in a client note several days ago that energy efficiency measures really do seem to be having an impact on electricity demand, and the effect is likely to continue.

What is energy efficiency doing to power demand? Maybe something real

Five big energy problems for the 21st century. A piece by academic and author Vaclav Smil in the OECD Observer (undated, unfortunately) paints a gloomy picture of energy transition this century: An impartial examination of some basic principles reveals five factors that will make the transition to a non-fossil world far more difficult than is commonly realised.

Five big energy problems for the 21st century

These are: the scale of the shift; the lower energy density of the replacement fuels; the substantially lower power density of renewable energy extraction; intermittency of renewable flows; and uneven distribution of renewable energy resources. What It Takes to Power Google. Google is the first major Web company to reveal exactly how much energy it uses—information that will help researchers and policy makers understand how the massive explosion of Internet usage and cloud computing is contributing to global energy consumption.

What It Takes to Power Google

Google uses 260 million watts continuously across the globe, the company reported on Wednesday. Super-grid gets super-serious, but does it rely too much on Norw. The plan for a European ‘super-grid’ being proposed today by 10 companies, including Siemens of Germany and France’s Areva , might sound ridiculously over-ambitious. Cynics are already noting that most of the members of the group would be direct beneficiaries of the vast amounts that would have to spent building the super-grid. But this is a project that has already won serious political backing from nine EU member states and Norway, and, at least in its most modest version, looks like a realistic prospect. The 10 companies comprising the ‘Friends of the Super-grid’ group would like the connections eventually to encompass most of the countries of north-west and south-west Europe, like this: Super-grid future plan.

Russia Green Lights $65 Billion Siberia-Alaska Rail and Tunnel to Bridge the Bering Strait! In what could certainly be one of the boldest infrastructure developments ever announced, the Russian Government has given the go-ahead to build a transcontinental railway linking Siberia with North America.

Russia Green Lights $65 Billion Siberia-Alaska Rail and Tunnel to Bridge the Bering Strait!

The massive undertaking would traverse the Bering Strait with the world’s longest tunnel – a project twice the length of the Chunnel between England and France. Promoting Microgeneration: A Challenge For Europe. During the EU Sustainable Energy Week hold in March 2010 in Brussels, Europe multiplied conferences on those topics and tried to stimulate concrete actions based on last year’s directives on renewable.

Promoting Microgeneration: A Challenge For Europe

Low carbon energy with sustainable benefits is the target objective for Europe. Microgeneration is one of the leading options; the customer base can have quite easily access to it. Smarter Chargers for Electric Vehicles. The Power of the Smart Grid - Environment. The "smart grid" is an electric system that includes information and communications technologies to turn the traditional “one-way” grid into a more dynamic “two-way” system.

The Power of the Smart Grid - Environment

The point is to improve the way electricity gets distributed and used across the entire power grid, from where power is generated to our homes, and back again. A smart grid lets power companies and consumers see more about how power is being used—in near-real time. With that kind of information, the power company can better match supply to the demand, to increase efficiency, and consumers can make more informed decisions about when and how they use energy. For example someone could run appliances at times when demand is low and pay less on their electric bill. Energy Storage. The Sun Rises in the East: German Solar Firms Eclipsed by Chinese Rivals - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International. The mayor of the eastern German town of Bitterfeld-Wolfen, Petra Wust, is all too familiar with booms and busts.

The Sun Rises in the East: German Solar Firms Eclipsed by Chinese Rivals - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International

The region was a center for the chemical industry in communist East Germany. Wind resistance: Analysis suggests generating electricit. Wind power has emerged as a viable renewable energy source in recent years -- one that proponents say could lessen the threat of global warming.

Wind resistance: Analysis suggests generating electricit

Although the American Wind Energy Association estimates that only about 2 percent of U.S. electricity is currently generated from wind turbines, the U.S. Department of Energy has said that wind power could account for a fifth of the nation's electricity supply by 2030. But a new MIT analysis may serve to temper enthusiasm about wind power, at least at very large scales. Wind Energy: Freedom From Fossil Fuels or Tempest in a Teapot? - I’m a realist. No matter how many times one wishes snowflakes were dollar bills and soot was green, it isn’t going to happen. Get over it.

Where Wind Power Is Blowing Away Profits. • That in turn "has an effect on investors" and profit On some nights in northern Germany, utilities pay customers to keep their lights on. In a country with deep green roots, it's an odd fix for an odd problem: Local distributors have no place to store wind energy and no way to dispatch it to areas that need it. That's led to so-called negative pricing, where grid operators pay utilities to take the unneeded power.

Then utilities like RWE and EnBW of Germany give rebates to customers who use power during periods of excess. Sometimes wind farm operators are even asked to take their turbines offline to trim supply, lowering green operators' profitability. "We're seeing that wind energy lowers prices, which is great for the consumers," said Christian Kjaer, head of the European WindEnergy Assn., which represents RWE, Spain's Iberdrola, and Denmark's Dong Energy.

Mixed messages on offshore wind’s future. Mixed reports have been published recently about the current state and future potential of the UK offshore wind industry. While one paper last week suggested offshore wind could provide all our electricity needs by 2050, another recently commissioned report is looking into the threat posed by escalating costs of the technology. First, the bullish view. This comes from the Offshore Valuation Group, a coalition of government and industry organisations including The Department for Energy and Climate Change, the Welsh and Scottish governments and companies active in offshore wind such as E.on and DONG Energy. Flying Windmills. Wind harvester: The Makani Airborne Wind Turbine sits on a runway outside of Oakland, California. The craft generates electrical power during flight.

In a concrete control tower of a decommissioned naval air base just outside Oakland, California, a team of engineers is building what might best be called a hybrid of an unmanned aerial vehicle and a wind turbine. The 120-pound craft has rotors on its wings to lift it into the sky helicopter-style; a thin tether attaches it to a platform.

Once in the air, the craft begins to glide like a kite, its 26-foot wingspan tracing circles 250 feet overhead. Wind Costs: Connecting Some Dots. There has not been much published on wind costs, except, generally speaking to give the impression that they are reasonable and manageable.