Collaborative Learning. 6-12 Collaboration Rubric (CCSS Aligned) Top 5 Ways to Teach Collaboration. Deeper Learning: A Collaborative Classroom Is Key. What's ideal when it comes to collaboration in our classrooms? Here's one coveted scenario: several children gathered at a table engaged in a high-level task, discussing, possibly debating an issue, making shared decisions, and designing a product that demonstrates all this deeper learning. As teachers, we'd love to see this right out the gate, but this sort of sophisticated teamwork takes scaffolding. It won't just happen by placing students together with a piece of provocative text or an engaging task. (Heck, this deeper learning collaboration is challenging for most adults!) In preparing our students for college and careers, 21st century skills call on us to develop highly collaborative citizens -- it's one of the 4 Cs, after all. So how do we begin this scaffolded journey?
Establish Group Agreements Deciding on group norms, or agreements, right at the get go will give each student a voice and provide accountability for all. Teach Them How to Listen Teach Them How To Negotiate. Collaborative Skills. Class norms represent the behavior expectations that support the core concepts of trust, sharing, belonging and respect. Collaborative skills are the specific ways in which students are expected to behave in order to achieve class norms. After norms have been developed, collaborative skills are assessed, prioritized and taught. Collaborative skills that we have identified as promoting the core concepts and supporting class norms are listed below. This list of collaborative skills has been used successfully by instructional teams to identify skills that address the ways students and teachers should interact to realize class norms.
Students can be involved in identifying and prioritizing collaborative skills by, for example, discussing and listing behaviors which support the norms, or byworking jointly with the teacher to select skills from the list.Selecting a collaborative skill to teach is really just a matter of choosing a place to begin. Www.schreyerinstitute.psu.edu/pdf/Commonly_Asked_Questions_about_Teaching_Collaborative_Activities.pdf. Express 6.11 - Tips for New Teachers: Teaching Collaborative Skills to a Digital Generation. Lynn Bechtel In Grown Up Digital, Don Tapscott (2008) notes that immersion in a digital environment has yielded students who thrive when teachers use "a student-focused model [of teaching] based on collaboration" (p. 11).
Students' widespread use of digital devices to contact friends and access social media leads them to expect—and feel very comfortable with—collaboration. For savvy teachers, students' interest in connecting with one another can open the door to teaching important collaborative work skills. Positive role-playing offers a great tool for teaching this. Use Positive Role-Playing Before beginning collaborative work (and, ideally, before using digital media socially), children need to think through and practice positive social responses, starting with face-to-face interaction. We all tend to remember behaviors we practice and see others model. Role-Playing for a Collaborative Project 1. Ms. "Imagine I'm sitting with my group, and Joey has just read his proposal draft. 2. Ms. 3. Collaboration. July 2012 • firstname.lastname@example.org Collaboration is the act of working together for a common goal. The Partnership for 21st Century Skills says that mastering collaboration skills requires the ability to work effectively with diverse teams.
It also requires the ability to "be helpful and make necessary compromises to accomplish a common goal. " Time for productive collaboration is a must in today's classrooms. Phillip Schletchy identifies qualities of the work teachers give students that affect engagement. Affiliation, that is, opportunities to work with others, can be a positive influence on student engagement.A study on cooperative learning found that "subjects who worked cooperatively spent more time working on practice exercises and reported greater satisfaction than those who worked individually. "" Working effectively with others is an extremely complex endeavor. Active listeningRespectMannersPositive Attitude - be uplifting to team membersFocusedSocial Awareness.
Easing the Pain of Student Collaboration | Deeper Learning. One of the most valued skills employers are looking for in an employee is the ability to collaborate. This doesn’t just mean being “nice,” it means being able to be part of a productive and efficient team that gets the job done. And while a significant amount of adult time is devoted to teaching very young kids the basics of playing well with others, as students enter into middle and high school, little attention is given to developing a student’s ability to collaborate. At the same time, every teacher has experienced the pain that comes with student collaboration.
Many teachers automatically associate Productive Group Work with the idea of a group of 4-6 students working over several days on an assigned project. This is one instance of what a Productive Group Work task could look like, but effective Productive Group Work is not limited to this example. Productive Group Work is an opportunity for students to collaborate about content in a variety of ways: discussing ideas, sharing additional examples, debating concepts, and practicing new skills. Students could be in pairs, triads, or table teams for this collaboration.
Not Just Group Work -- Productive Group Work! We know that group work can be instructionally effective, but only if it is productive. We don't just want busywork when students work in groups -- we want learning! Work doesn't always create learning, an idea that many teachers still struggle with. These teachers make the assumption that even with a clear task, group work will be productive.
Conversely, many teachers assume that when building classroom culture, group work will be productive as well. Actually, multiple factors lead to effective and productive group work, but all must be in place to make it happen. Clear Intention The purpose of group work needs to be clear not only to the students, but also to the teacher. Heterogeneous vs. Similar to clear intention, heterogeneous and homogeneous grouping must be intentional in choice.
The Importance of Structure As explained in the video about PBL, structured collaboration is key. Scaffolding Culture How are you building a culture of collaboration in your classroom?