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Instructional Design Models and Theories - Educational Technology. An instructional design model provides guidelines to organize appropriate pedagogical scenarios to achieve instructional goals.

Instructional Design Models and Theories - Educational Technology

Instructional design can be defined as the practice of creating instructional experiences to help facilitate learning most effectively. Driscoll & Carliner (2005) states that “ design is more than a process; that process, and resulting product, represent a framework of thinking” (p. 9). Branch & Kopcha says that “instructional design is intended to be an iterative process of planning outcomes, selecting effective strategies for teaching and leaning, choosing relevant technologies, identifying educational media and measuring performance” (p. 77).

There are numerous instructional design models. The ADDIE Model: Instructional Design - Educational Technology. For many years now, educators and instructional designers alike have used the ADDIE Instructional Design (ID) method as a framework in designing and developing educational and training programs.

The ADDIE Model: Instructional Design - Educational Technology

“ADDIE” stands for Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement, and Evaluate. This sequence, however, does not impose a strict linear progression through the steps. Dick and Carey Instructional Model - Educational Technology. Instructional models can vary widely.

Dick and Carey Instructional Model - Educational Technology

While some may focus on how to make the lesson plans and others focus on the delivery of the content itself, the Dick and Carey instructional model is one of the former. Despite the seemingly complicated diagrams that pop up when searching for an image (see below), the steps are often only connected as far as what they do to help you figure out what to teach and how to teach it. All ten steps are connected, and some influence others indirectly while they may influence others directly. Dick and Carey Model. Kemp Design Model - Educational Technology. This article describes the Kemp Instructional Design Model (also referred to as the “Morrison, Ross, and Kemp Model”), and also seeks to offer insight into some of the potential advantages of utilizing this framework.

Kemp Design Model - Educational Technology

Incorporating a variety of approaches from a multiplicity of disciplines (Morrison et al., 2010), this model represents an innovative approach to instructional design by virtue of its non-linear structure, and the interrelated nature of its components. See also: Instructional Design Models and Theories In contrast to other models, such as the Dick and Carey Model, the Kemp Design Model adopts a circular structure, rather than one that is linear (Akbulut, 2007). CT 3IDModels. TenStepsToComplexLearning Kirschner VanMerrienboer. Clark 4cid. Instructional or Learning Design. “4C” means “four components”, while “ID” means “Instructional Design.”

Instructional or Learning Design

During the design phase the tasks to be learned are ordered sequentially according to task difficulty and then scaffolds are added that support the learner's in their quest to gain new knowledge and skills. The learning methods consists of complex problem solving coupled with completing procedures that match authentic set of tasks. When it comes to delivery or implementation, the tasks are practiced and performed by the learners in real or simulated environments, while the level of support diminishes as the learner progresses. Task complexity also increases within each level as the learners progress; however, each level of complexity adds additional supportive information. ADDIE Model.

The ADDIE model is the generic process traditionally used by instructional designers and training developers.


The five phases—Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation—represent a dynamic, flexible guideline for building effective training and performance support tools. While perhaps the most common design model, there are a number of weaknesses to the ADDIE model which have led to a number of spin-offs or variations. It is an Instructional Systems Design (ISD) model. Instructional Design Models. The following is a list of prescriptive instructional design models.

Instructional Design Models

Prescriptive models provide guidelines or frameworks to organize and structure the process of creating instructional activities. These models can be used to guide your approach to the art or science (your choice) of instructional design. EVA4.