background preloader

Lessons 2 & 3 Why did a dictatorship establish itself in Germany

Facebook Twitter

A timeline of events in Germany 1918-1923. The Spartakist Revolt in Germany, 1919. Spartakist Uprising 1919. 1.1 The Weimar Republic. 1.2 Challenges to the Weimar Republic. 2.1 Early Nazi Party. 2.2TheMunichPutsch. 2.2 WEIMAR GERMANY Munich Putsch 1923. Who supported or opposed the Weimar constitution. 2.3.1 The Wall Street Crash and the Great Depression. GCSE Bitesize: Causes of the Depression. Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from the Start. The Rise of the Nazi Party. The rise of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) was swift and far from certain.

The Rise of the Nazi Party

Support for Hitlerand his Nazi Party only took off after the full impact of the Wall Street Crash (October 1929) was felt onWeimar Germany. Up to this point the Nazis had been a noisy but far from important part of the Reichstag that was dominated by the Centre and Socialists parties along with the traditional nationalist parties found in Weimar at the time. However, the great leap in unemployment throughout Weimar Germany and the seeming inability of the Weimar government to be able to control it mean that those without hope turned to the Nazi Party or to the Communist Party.

It can be argued that without the economic chaos caused by the Wall Street Crash, the Nazis may have remained a small and politically insignificant party. Election of May 4th 1924: the Nazis (standing as the National Socialist Freedom Movement) received 6.5% of the popular vote and 32 seats in the Reichstag out of a total of 472 seats. GCSE Bitesize - Hitler's rise to power. Hitler Comes to Power. In the early 1930s, the mood in Germany was grim.

Hitler Comes to Power

The worldwide economic depression had hit the country especially hard, and millions of people were out of work. Still fresh in the minds of many was Germany's humiliating defeat fifteen years earlier during World War I, and Germans lacked confidence in their weak government, known as the Weimar Republic. These conditions provided the chance for the rise of a new leader, Adolf Hitler, and his party, the National Socialist German Workers' Party, or Nazi party for short. Hitler was a powerful and spellbinding speaker who attracted a wide following of Germans desperate for change. He promised the disenchanted a better life and a new and glorious Germany. 2.4 Hitler Becomes Chancellor.