Light & Optics: Introduction. Optics For Kids - The Optical Society: Exploring the Science of Light. How Light Emitting Diodes Work - HowStuffWorks. Light emitting diodes, commonly called LEDs, are real unsung heroes in the electronics world.
They do dozens of different jobs and are found in all kinds of devices. Among other things, they form numbers on digital clocks, transmit information from remote controls, light up watches and tell you when your appliances are turned on. Collected together, they can form images on a jumbo television screen or illuminate a traffic light. Basically, LEDs are just tiny light bulbs that fit easily into an electrical circuit. But unlike ordinary incandescent bulbs, they don't have a filament that will burn out, and they don't get especially hot. In this article, we'll examine the technology behind these ubiquitous blinkers, illuminating some cool principles of electricity and light in the process. How Glow in the Dark Stuff Works. Today I found out how glow in the dark stuff works.
Glow in the dark products all contain some type of phosphor. Phosphors are any substance that radiates light after being energized in some way. There are literally thousands of chemicals that are phosphors. These chemicals all have varying degrees of brightness, color, and length of time they glow after being energized. There are three main types of ways these phosphors end up getting energized. Phosphorescent glow in the dark items are things like the glow in the dark stars many people put on their ceilings.
More technically speaking, with most items that absorb and re-emit light, this process happens extremely quickly at something like 10 nanoseconds to absorb and emit. How Do Things Glow in the Dark? Are you afraid of the dark?
It’s OK to be a bit scared of things that go bump in the night. But what about things that glow at night? You’ve probably seen or played with glow-in-the-dark toys before. From yo-yos and balls to stickers and stars, glow-in-the-dark toys can turn any dark room into a magical world of adventure! Have you ever WONDERed how these things glow in the dark?
Glowing in the dark — also known as luminescence — simply requires chemicals that store energy when exposed to light. Phosphors radiate visible light after being energized. Phosphors then slowly release their stored energy over time. What makes things glow in the dark? How does glow-in-the-dark stuff work? - HowStuffWorks. You see glow-in-the-dark stuff in all kinds of places, but it is most common in toys.
My son, for example, has a glow-in-the-dark yo-yo, a glow-in-the-dark ball, a glow-in-the-dark mobile and even (if you can believe it) a pair of glow-in-the-dark pajamas! They make him easy to find at night! If you have ever seen any of these products, you know that they all have to be "charged". You hold them up to a light, and then take them to a dark place. Fun Sun Facts for Kids - Interesting Facts about the Sun. Fun Light Facts for Kids - Sunlight, Color, Speed, Optics, UV, IR, Visible Spectrum. Peter and the Wolf shadow puppet show.
The Amazing Hand Shadow Puppets - Excellent. Shadow Puppet Theatre by Richard Bradshaw (Australia) - Broken Bridge. Shadow Theatre "Fireflies" - Space. HOW SHADOWS WORK. Periscope. Make A Periscope! Science Activity: Make a Periscope. What kinds of mirrors can I use to make a periscope?
You need two small mirrors, but they don't have to be identical. Periscope Facts for Kids. Kids Encyclopedia. Large driveway, patio or garden sundial. This is a design for analemmatic sundials, large or small, with elliptical dials.
The one I made with my son is twelve feet across, drawn in sidewalk chalk on a level part of our driveway, and you check the time by standing in the spot corresponding to the date and seeing where the middle of your ow shadow falls. You can make a permanent one by first drawing in chalk and then painting over it (but we are renting the house).
Drawing these is fun, and makes a good science education project for small or large kids (one's own, or a class at school). It should take a little over an hour to do the basic measurements and drawing, more if one wants it to be more decorative. Depending on the size and the features of your location, you may need up to two people's help with drawing the ellipse, though I will also say a little about how you can make it without drawing an ellipse. Many variations are possible. Tools needed: Phases of the Moon Explanation for kids -Animation Lesson Unit. The Phases of the Moon for Kids - Time. Kaleidoscope Facts, information, pictures.
The kaleidoscope makes magic with light and mirrors.
It may be considered a child's toy (or a toy for all ages), but it is also a simple optical device with technical applications for designers and pattern-makers. Greek words are the source of the name; it comes from kalos, eidos, and skopios meaning beautiful, form, and view, respectively. Background. FETCH_Kaleid-o-mania.pdf. Make a Kaleidoscope - HowStuffWorks. A kaleidoscope is an ideal science project that teaches kids how to reflect the spectrum of colors and make beautiful images.
In a kaleidoscope, mirrors reflect multiple images off of one another. What You'll Need:3 small mirrors of the same sizeTapeWaxed paperPencilScissorsConstruction paper How to Make a Kaleidoscope:Step 1: To make a kaleidoscope, tape together 3 small mirrors in a triangle shape with the mirror-sides facing inward. Step 2: Stand the mirrors up on a piece of waxed paper, and trace around the bottom of the mirrors. Cut out this triangle shape, and then tape the piece of waxed paper in place at the bottom of the 3 mirrors. Step 3: Cut out many small pieces and shapes from colored sheets of construction paper, and drop them inside the mirrors. Step 4: Give your kaleidoscope a shake, then look inside. Help kids Discover Hidden Leaf Colors while participating in this innovative science project. Looking for more science projects to do with your kids? Build your own kaleidoscope.
Kaleidoscopes Explained - HowStuffWorks. At the most basic level, a kaleidoscope is made of two or more mirrors or reflective surfaces positioned at an angle to each other, usually forming a V-shape or a triangle.
A tubeorcase -- often looking like a spyglass -- is the body surrounding the mirror assembly. A collection of objects is positioned at one end of the mirrors, and there's an eyehole at the other end. What you see when you look through that eyehole will never be exactly the same twice! Light & Optics: Lenses. Glasses and Contact Lenses. Listen Why do some people need glasses and others don't?
Everyone's eyes are a little different — not just the color, but the way they work and how well they see. Sometimes all the parts of the eye don't work together the way they should. But eyeglasses or contact lenses, also called corrective lenses, can help most people see more clearly. Optics for Kids - What are Lenses. Optics For Kids - The Optical Society: Exploring the Science of Light.
Mixing colors. Simple Color Mixing For Children ( Mixing Colours in English) Color Mixing. Advertisement. EnchantedLearning.com is a user-supported site. As a bonus, site members have access to a banner-ad-free version of the site, with print-friendly pages.Click here to learn more. (Already a member? Click here.) It's easy to mix paints to make new colors. Mixing Colors The Color Wheel: The Color Wheel shows the relationships between the colors.
The three primary colors are red, yellow, and blue; they are the only colors that cannot be made by mixing two other colors. The three secondary colors are green, orange, and violet; they are each a mixture of two primary colors. Sun, Light & Shadows. TIFF Kids 2013. Shadow - Elementary Science Video for Grade 2-4 Kids.