# Maths

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## The Regression Fallacy

Alias: The Regressive Fallacy Source: Robert Todd Carroll, "Regressive Fallacy" , The Skeptic's Dictionary Etymology: To "regress" is to go back, or revert to an earlier or more primitive state. The statistical term "regression" seems to have been first used by Francis Galton, Charles Darwin's cousin, to refer to the phenomenon on which the regression fallacy is based.

## Asymptotic Statistics - A. W. van der Vaart

Two processing systems were used to clean wafers. The following data represent the (coded) particle counts. The null hypothesis is that there is no difference between the central tendencies of the particle counts; the alternative hypothesis is that there is a difference. The solution shows the typical kind of output software for this procedure would generate, based on the large sample approximation. For U = 40.0 and E[ U ] = 0.5( n 1 )( n 2 ) = 60.5, the test statistic is

## How to Analysis Data with Low Quality or Small Samples, Nonparametric Statistics

General Purpose Brief review of the idea of significance testing. To understand the idea of nonparametric statistics (the term nonparametric was first used by Wolfowitz, 1942) first requires a basic understanding of parametric statistics. Elementary Concepts introduces the concept of statistical significance testing based on the sampling distribution of a particular statistic (you may want to review that topic before reading on). In short, if we have a basic knowledge of the underlying distribution of a variable, then we can make predictions about how, in repeated samples of equal size, this particular statistic will "behave," that is, how it is distributed.

## Statistics Glossary - nonparametric methods

Nonparametric Tests Nonparametric tests are often used in place of their parametric counterparts when certain assumptions about the underlying population are questionable. For example, when comparing two independent samples, the Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test does not assume that the difference between the samples is normally distributed whereas its parametric counterpart, the two sample t-test does.

## Vedic Math ~ VedantaTree - The Tree of Knowledge

Earlier we discussed " Squaring numbers near base " and " General Squaring through Duplex Process " and now we will find out how to calculate the square root of numbers. To understand this, let us first learn basic rules for finding the square root. (1).
En esta sección se incluyen todos aquellos temas que van más allá de la docencia teórico/práctica planteada en clases y que, no obstante, tienen un valioso valor añadido como soporte de consulta para la mejora de la enseñanza de la criptografía. La información puede ser de Libre Distribución en este sitio Web o bien de Acceso en el sitio Web de su autor. ACTAS CONGRESO CIBSI Y TALLER TIBETS Congreso Iberoamericano de Seguridad Informática CIBSI y Taller Iberoamericano de Enseñanza e Innovación Educativa en Seguridad de la Información TIBETS. Títulos de Proyectos o Tesis Fin de Carrera desarrollados por alumnos en temas de criptografía.

## Course Catalog

What our students say: "The course was an interesting and delightful excursion into data mining techniques; I thoroughly enjoyed seeing the concepts come to life in the examples. It was a great course." B. Griffin

## 0xDE

One of the new papers on arXiv this week looks to me like an example of exactly what theoretical algorithms research should aim for: simple algorithms with nontrivial analysis, providing new and practical solutions to an important problem in which previous solutions were unsatisfactory. Unfortunately, the previous solutions were only unsatisfactory in practice, while from the theoretical point of view they were optimal; when this happens, it tends to make papers like this quite difficult to publish in algorithms conferences. The paper: "The Power of Simple Tabulation Hashing", by Mihai Pătraşcu and Mikkel Thorup, arXiv:1011.5200 . The problem: hashing algorithms are designed to work well with hash functions that are truly random (chosen uniformly from all possible functions that map the keys to be stored in the hash table into indices). But they are actually used with functions that are very nonrandom.

## KNK103: The Crystals of Mt. Zeta - Kali & the Kaleidoscope

Summary : An expedition to conquer the greatest unsolved problem in mathematics - the Riemann Hypothesis . By amateurs across the world. A new online workshop by Kali & the Kaleidoscope. Starts Oct. 19, 2011.

## Math Problems: Group Theory

Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Problems Home 1. Show that Q/Z does not have any proper subgroup with finite index.

## Lecture Notes Algebraic Geometry

Hello! I am an Assistant Professor in the MIT Department of Mathematics . I completed my Ph.D. in mathematics at Princeton University. My advisor was Benny Sudakov . My work is supported by a Simons Fellowship, an NSF grant, and an MIT NEC Corporation grant.

## MathOverflow

alquiler

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

## rsession - Java wrapper to R

Rsession provides an easy to use java class giving access to remote or local R session. The back-end engine is Rserve 0.6, locally spawned automatically if necessary. Rsession differs from Rserve as it is a higher level API, and it includes server side startup of Rserve. Therefore, it is easier to use in some point of vue, as it provides a multi session R engine (including for Windows, thanks to an ugly turn-around). Another alternative is JRI, but it does not provide multi-sessions feature. If you just need one R session in your java code, JRI is a good solution.

## ROCR: Classifier Visualization in R

Facebook Like Please consider supporting this project: This is a computing environment like Matlab and Octave, but made to work on Android devices. The goal is for 100% compliance with how Octave works including a compatibility mode that makes the behavior more similar to Matlab (already very similar). Please file a bug for anything that is different from Matlab or Octave vs. Addi that matters to you.

## po.org - MathExpo.EsHomePage

Esta exposición interactiva propone mostrar a los visitantes que las matemáticas: son asombrosas, interesantes y útiles, son accesibles a todos, están muy presentes en la vida diaria, desembocan en numerosos oficios, y juegan un importante papel en nuestra cultura, desarrollo y progreso. 3 presentaciones están en marcha: • => Una estuvo en Corea hasta Octubre 2010, • => Una en Burkina Faso (abril-juno), antes Benin y Senegal (Emf2oo9), • => La tercera en Córdoba en septiembre-octubre para el XIII congreso CEAM Thales. Novedades 2010 Exposiciones virtuales interactivas En => www.Experiencing Maths.org encontrará experimentos interactivos, inspirados en la exposición, y realizados por iniciativa de la UNESCO, destinados a docentes de enseñanza secundaria, en particular de los países del Sur .