La rougeole a tué plus de 134 000 enfants dans le monde en 2015. Malgré la progression spectaculaire de la vaccination, seules les Amériques ont réussi à éradiquer la maladie LE MONDE | • Mis à jour le | Par Rémi Barroux En 2015, la rougeole a tué 134 200 enfants de moins de 5 ans dans le monde, soit de 350 à 400 enfants par jour.
Cette maladie reste donc l’une des causes importantes de mortalité des jeunes enfants – après les infections respiratoires, les maladies diarrhéiques, le paludisme et les méningo-encéphalites –, et ce, malgré une progression considérable de la vaccination, de 18 % entre 2000 et 2015. Dans une étude publiée jeudi 10 novembre, quatre organisations internationales – l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS), l’Unicef, les Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, organisme américain spécialisé dans les études épidémiologiques), The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) – alertent sur les insuffisances des progrès dans la lutte contre cette maladie, extrêmement contagieuse. Epidémie en Allemagne. Le cas Wakefield expliqué. In the first part of a special BMJ series, Brian Deer exposes the bogus data behind claims that launched a worldwide scare over the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine, and reveals how the appearance of a link with autism was manufactured at a London medical school When I broke the news to the father of child 11, at first he did not believe me.
“Wakefield told us my son was the 13th child they saw,” he said, gazing for the first time at the now infamous research paper which linked a purported new syndrome with the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine.1 “There’s only 12 in this.” That paper was published in the Lancet on 28 February 1998. It was retracted on 2 February 2010.2 Authored by Andrew Wakefield, John Walker-Smith, and 11 others from the Royal Free medical school, London, it reported on 12 developmentally challenged children,3 and triggered a decade long public health scare.
“That’s not true.” Child 11 was among the eight whose parents apparently blamed MMR. Lawsuit test case. Rougeole, rubéole, oreillons / Données / Couverture vaccinale / Maladies à prévention vaccinale / Maladies infectieuses / Dossiers thématiques / Accueil. Haut Conseil de Santé Publique.
Le calendrier des vaccinations et les recommandations vaccinales 2015. Colzani E, McDonald SA, Carrillo-Santisteve P, Busana MC, Lopalco P, Cassini A. Impact of measles national vaccination coverage on burden of measles across 29 Member States of the European Union and European Economic Area, 2006-2011. Vaccine 2014; 32: 1814-9. Autism Occurrence by MMR Vaccine. Importance Despite research showing no link between the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism spectrum disorders (ASD), beliefs that the vaccine causes autism persist, leading to lower vaccination levels.
Parents who already have a child with ASD may be especially wary of vaccinations. Objective To report ASD occurrence by MMR vaccine status in a large sample of US children who have older siblings with and without ASD. Design, Setting, and Participants A retrospective cohort study using an administrative claims database associated with a large commercial health plan. Participants included children continuously enrolled in the health plan from birth to at least 5 years of age during 2001-2012 who also had an older sibling continuously enrolled for at least 6 months between 1997 and 2012.
Exposures MMR vaccine receipt (0, 1, 2 doses) after 1 year of age. Both time-varying and fixed covariates were also included in adjusted models to control for potential confounding. Why are there so many reports of autism following vaccination? A mathematical assessment. The idea that vaccines cause autism is one of the most persistent myths that I have ever encountered, and it seems that no amount of evidence will ever cause it to disappear.
Indeed, I recently wrote a lengthy post in which I thoroughly reviewed the scientific literature on this topic, and I showed that there are no high quality studies supporting this myth, but there are multiple very large studies that debunked it. Nevertheless, many people responded to the post by insisting that vaccines must cause autism because there are so many cases of parents reporting the onset of autism shortly after vaccinating. They were adamant that these anecdotes could not be chance results and must mean that vaccines cause autism.