Théorie de l'acteur-réseau
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Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. La théorie de l'acteur-réseau , aussi connue sous l'abréviation ANT (pour Actor-Network Theory ) ou sociologie de la traduction , est une approche sociologique développée à partir des années 1980 par Michel Callon , Bruno Latour , Madeleine Akrich et d'autres chercheurs du Centre de sociologie de l'innovation de Mines ParisTech . Son principal théoricien anglo-saxon est John Law .
Actor–network theory , often abbreviated as ANT , is an agent-based approach to social theory and research, originating in the field of science studies , which treats objects as part of social networks. Although it is best known for its controversial insistence on the agency of nonhumans , ANT is also associated with forceful critiques of conventional and critical sociology.
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Michel Callon (né en 1945 ) est un sociologue et ingénieur français. Depuis 1967 , il est professeur à Mines ParisTech et chercheur au Centre de sociologie de l'innovation (CSI) qu'il a dirigé de 1982 à 1994 [ 1 ] . Son domaine de recherches principal est les science and technology studies .
Michel Callon (born 1945, France) is a Professor of Sociology at the École des mines de Paris and member of the Centre de sociologie de l'innovation . He is an influential author in the field of Science and Technology Studies and one of the leading proponents of actor–network theory (ANT) with Bruno Latour . In recent years (since the late 1990s), Michel Callon has spearheaded the movement of applying ANT approaches to study economic life (notably economic markets). This body of work interrogates the interrelation between the economy and economics, highlighting the ways in which economics (and economics-inspired disciplines such as marketing) shapes the economy (see Callon, 1998 and 2005). [ edit ] Bibliography
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Latour . Bruno Latour
Bruno Latour ( French: [latuʁ] ; born 22 June 1947) is a French sociologist of science [ 1 ] and anthropologist [ 2 ] and an influential theorist in the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS). [ 3 ] After teaching at the École des Mines de Paris ( Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation ) from 1982 to 2006, he is now Professor at Sciences Po Paris (2006), [ 4 ] where he is the scientific director of the Sciences Po Medialab. On 13 March 2013, he was announced as the recipient of the 2013 Holberg Prize . [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] He is best known for his books We Have Never Been Modern (1991; English translation, 1993), Laboratory Life (with Steve Woolgar , 1979) and Science in Action (1987). [ 8 ] Although his studies of scientific practice were at one time associated with social constructionist [ 8 ] approaches to the philosophy of science, Latour has diverged significantly from such approaches.
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Law . John Law (né le 16 mai 1946 [ 1 ] ) est un sociologue britannique.
John Law is a sociologist currently on the Faculty of Social Sciences at the Open University and key proponent of Actor-network theory . Actor-network theory, sometimes abbreviated to ANT, is a social science approach for describing and explaining social, organisational, scientific and technological structures, processes and events. It assumes that all the components of such structures (whether these are human or otherwise) form a network of relations that can be mapped and described in the same terms or vocabulary. Developed by two leading French STS scholars, Michel Callon and Bruno Latour , Law himself, and others, ANT may alternatively be described as a 'material-semiotic' method.