Sociologies : concepts & approches

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Secteurs de l'exercice du sociologue

Mathematical sociology (sociologia matemática) Théories des réseaux sociaux. Théorie de l'acteur-réseau. Constructivisme social. Post-structuralism. Post-structuralism is a label formulated by American academics to denote the heterogeneous works of a series of mid-20th-century French and continental philosophers and critical theorists who came to international prominence in the 1960s and '70s.[1][2][3] A major theme of poststructuralism is instability in the human sciences, due to the complexity of humans themselves and the impossibility of fully escaping structures in order to study them.


Post-structuralism is a response to structuralism. Structuralism is an intellectual movement developed in Europe from the early to mid-20th century.


Structuro-fonctionnalisme. Fonctionnalisme. Gemeinschaft et Gesellschaft. Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. Gemeinschaft (German pronunciation: [ɡəˈmaɪnʃaft]) und Gesellschaft [ɡəˈzɛlʃaft] (generally translated as "community and society") are categories which were coined by the German sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies in order to categorize social ties (now called social networks) into two dichotomous sociological types.

Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft

Gemeinschaft vs Gesellschaft dichotomy[edit] The dichotomy was proposed by Tönnies as a purely conceptual tool, built up logically, not as an ideal type coined by Max Weber which accentuated the key elements of a historic/social change.

Holisme sociologique

Individualisme sociologique. Bovarysme. Nathalie Heinich : une approche particulière de la sociologie. Bovarysme. Bovarysme is a term derived from Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary (1857).


It denotes a tendency toward escapist daydreaming in which the dreamer imagines himself or herself to be a hero or heroine in a romance, whilst ignoring the everyday realities of the situation. The eponymous Madame Bovary is an example of this.[1] In his essay "Shakespeare and the Stoicism of Seneca" (1927), T. S.