"Livable Streets" , Donald Appleyard
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Donald Appleyard Donald Appleyard (July 26, 1928 – September 23, 1982) was an urban designer and theorist, teaching at the University of California, Berkeley . [ 1 ] Born in England, Appleyard studied first architecture, and later urban planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology . After graduation he taught at MIT for six years, and later at Berkley.
You may have wondered, while watching a Streetfilm or reading a post on Streetsblog, where we got the term "livable streets." The answer can be found in the work of Donald Appleyard, a scholar who studied the neighborhood environment and the ways planning and design can make life better for city residents. In 1981, Appleyard published "Livable Streets" based on his research into how people experience streets with different traffic volumes.
Donald Appleyard was a professor of Urban Design at the University of California, Berkeley. During his career he pursued a strong interest in the livability of cities and neighborhoods, particularly upon streets. In particular, he studied the social effects of traffic and neighborhood layout, and devised sensitive tools for the analysis of peoples' environmental perceptions. In a groundbreaking study [streetfilms.org] conducted in 1969, Donald Appleyard provided the first emperical evidence of the impact of traffic on neighborhood streets. In particular, he investigated 3 different streets in San Francisco that were chosen to be as identical as possible in every dimension except for one - the amount of traffic on each street. The study was able to show that just the mere presence of cars, with their implied aspects of danger, noise and pollution, crushes the quality of life in neighborhoods.