Delivery of crop pollination services is an insufficient argument for wild pollinator conservation : Nature Communications. Data sets to study crop visitation by bees Our data sets record the relative visitation rate of bees to crop flowers, which is a good proxy for the relative contribution to pollination service delivery (see next section). We used data from 90 studies and 1,394 crop fields around the world that used standardized protocols to examine the abundance and identity of wild bees visiting flowers of 20 different crops that depend on bee pollinators for maximum yield (Supplementary Fig. 1 and Supplementary Table 1). We determined species abundance distributions of wild bee communities on insect-pollinated crops by pooling data within studies, that is, from fields sampled in the same year, region and crop species. We only included studies that directly observed individual bees on crop flowers, identified all individuals to species level and that were based on data from at least four fields that were 1 km or more apart.
Flower visitation frequency as a proxy for crop pollination service delivery. The Tree of Life. Ple. ORGANICA. Day One. The meeting began with a brief introduction by John Dupré. The first speaker was Ford Doolittleof the Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at Dalhousie University here in Halifax. His title was The Tree of Life, from three sides now. Ford introduced the topic from three perspectives: science, philosophy, and politics. The science is straightforward. You can construct perfectly respectable gene trees for bacteria using all kinds of different genes. The trees aren't wildly different in most cases and it's possible to make sense of them by postulating the transfer of genes from one species to a different species.
The scientific evidence shows clearly that early phylogenetic relationships among bacteria cannot be accurately represented by a single tree. The philosophical questions have to do with the usefulness of metaphors in science (e.g. tree) and the implications for understanding the history of biology. The title of Jan's talk was Thinking laterally on the tree of life.
Humanity is Waking Up to the Intelligence of Nature. Paul Lenda, GuestWaking Times There’s a heightening level of awareness within the human race with regards to nature and all that is contained within it. Everything from the discoveries of the rudiments of language in monkeys, metacognition in dolphins, self-awareness of elephants, the ability for animals to tell “right” from “wrong”, to the creation and extension of the bills of rights for animals and plants by countries such as Switzerland and Ecuador, as well as the acknowledgment of dolphins as being non-human persons. There’s a growing awareness by humanity that nature and its inhabitants are not as primitive and simple as it may have been believed to be the case in the past. With this growing awareness, comes growing understanding of the unity that humanity has with the environment within which it exists. In today’s post-modern societies, there is a resurgence of that connection with the biosphere and interconnected organism that is the planet and all that exists within its domain.
Animalia. Apiary. Scientists discover what’s killing the bees and it’s worse than you thought - Quartz. Universal Basic Income (UBI) proposals are gaining in popularity across the political spectrum. The measures would see governments hand a set monthly income to every single citizen within a country, either in addition to existing benefits or in place of them (depending on the details of the particular UBI proposal).
Left-wing fans favor UBI’s ability to eradicate absolute poverty, while right-wing libertarians are drawn to its simplicity and reduction in bureaucracy. In Silicon Valley, startup investment firm Y Combinator has plans to fund a basic income experiment in the US, while Finland announced last year it would conduct its own extensive experiment.
But how feasible is UBI to implement in reality? We spoke to five UBI experts to get their take on the practicalities of the scheme. (Transcripts have been edited for clarity and length.) Matthew Zwolinski, associate professor of philosophy at the University of San Diego: Some of these proposals, e.g. To me, 10% GDP would be do-able.
Plants. Largest Living Thing | Mushroom in Oregon. Home > Animal Kingdom > Animal Records > Largest Living Thing Largest Living Organism: Fungus Armillaria ostoyae A Fungus Among Us People have known about the "honey mushroom" for some time, but were not aware of how large and invasive this species of fungus could be. The fungus was investigated more closely by researchers when they realized that it was responsible for killing large groves of evergreen trees. When foresters cut into an infected tree they would find spreading white filaments, mycelia, which draw water and carbohydrates from the tree to feed the fungus. Researchers collected samples of the fungus from a widespread area and analyzed the DNA. A large sample of the specimens they collected turned out to be from a single organism.
Humongous Fungus Until August of 2000 it was thought that the largest living organism was a fungus of the same species (Armillaria ostoyae) that covered 1,500 acres (600 hectares) found living in the state of Washington.
Ethnobotany. Gardens Delight. The Therapeutic Garden: A Definition. Design in health care settings is typically the work of garden or landscape designers rather than landscape architects. This is because of the general perception that gardens are amenities rather than an integral part of the therapeutic regimen. When gardens are categorized as “extras,” competing priorities work strongly against their inclusion and without institutional commitment and funding, they become small-scale, low budget, even volunteer projects.
The potential for landscapes to become an important element in health care delivery may rest on the definition of the therapeutic garden, and its distinction from other garden types—healing, meditation, contemplation, and restorative. When differences are examined, it becomes clear that the complexities of and collaboration required for the design of therapeutic gardens demands a level of professionalism that is the rightful territory of the landscape architect.
Food Fare. Tending Produce. Antarah Organica. Food Organizations. Life Sciences. Land Water BioMass. Greywater Recycling. 7 characteristics of living things. Organization of Life. Inquiry of Life Science (Book notes & Extentions) Nature Blows My Mind ! TreeHugger. TreeHugger Nature Blows My Mind When you pause to really look at nature, what you see will just blow your mind. This section of TreeHugger is dedicated to the things and events that make us say, "WHOA!! " with their amazing-ness. Tag: Nature Blows My Mind Nature Blows My Mind! Best of TreeHugger This is what Earth will look like if we melt all the ice National Geographic has a good interactive map showing what 216 feet of sea ...
EO Wilson Biodiversity Foundation - The Processes that Matter. Ask Nature - the Biomimicry Design Portal: biomimetics, architecture, biology, innovation inspired by nature, industrial design - Ask Nature - the Biomimicry Design Portal: biomimetics, architecture, biology, innovation inspired by nature, industrial desi. New Healthy Energy. New Body Health. REALLY GOOD STUFF. Engaging with Indigenous Peoples on forests | Making our future sustainable. A little while ago, I blogged about an unprecedented meeting of Indigenous Peoples’ representatives from 28 countries that took place on the idyllic islands of Guna Yala, Panama, in September 2011. One and a half years later, it is fair to say that we have come a very long way as we welcome over 30 representatives of Indigenous Peoples and southern civil society organizations from Latin America, Africa, and Asia-Pacific for a workshop on the Carbon Fund of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) here in Washington, DC this week.
The Bank serves as the Trustee and the Secretariat of the FCPF, a global partnership that is helping countries draft REDD+ readiness plans and will provide carbon payments to countries that meet certain targets. Since our initial meeting in Panama, Indigenous Peoples’ representatives adopted an Action Plan, travelled the world to meet, dialogue and learn, and gathered in regional follow-up meetings to build capacity and prioritize demands. The outlook: Averting the sixth extinction. What Is Biodynamics? Beetle bank. A strip around a field left fallow to serve as a beetle bank. Usage Beetle banks are typically made up from plants such as sunflowers, Vicia faba, Centaurea cyanus, coriander, borage, Muhlenbergia, Stipa, and buckwheats (Eriogonum spp.).
Beetle banks are used to reduce or replace the use of insecticides, and can also serve as habitat for birds and beneficial rodents. For example, insects such as Chrysoperla carnea and the Ichneumon fly can prey on pests. The concept was developed by the Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust in collaboration with the University of Southampton. Other important benefits can be providing habitat for pollinators and endangered species. If using local native plants, endemic and indigenous flora and fauna restoration ecology is supported. History of the term See also References External links
GFU for Underutilized Species. Communication and conflict resolution.