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What Multitasking Does To Our Brains. I can definitely understand how focusing on one task at a time allows you to be more productive. However, I also believe that you can benefit from taking a break after ~an hour of working on something, and then doing something else. Making progress on multiple different tasks in this way provides a similar feeling of high productivity, but also allows you to get a feel for exactly how much work you have on your plate. Obviously, not every task can be broken up into hour-long work sessions, but if I can diversify what I'm working on, I won't get bored of my work.In terms of making to-do lists, I've found that just making the old-fashioned, linear lists don't quite cut it for me anymore.

One method I've found quite useful is the Eisenhower method, which is a 2x2 matrix that organizes your tasks by urgency v.s. importance. It's a nice, visual way to look at your tasks and choose which one to work on based on how necessary it is to complete at that point in time. Multitasking: Switching costs. Gopher, D., Armony, L. & Greenspan, Y. (2000). Switching tasks and attention policies.

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 129, 308-229. Mayr, U. & Kliegl, R. (2000). Task-set switching and long-term memory retrieval. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 26, 1124-1140. Meuter, R. F. Meyer, D. Meyer, D. Monsell, S., Azuma, R., Eimer, M., Le Pelley, M., & Strafford, S. (1998, July). Monsell, S., Yeung, N., & Azuma, R. (2000). Monsell, S. & Driver, J., Eds. (2000). Rogers, R. & Monsell, S. (1995). Rubinstein, J., Evans, J.

& Meyer, D. Rubinstein, J. Yeung, N. & Monsell, S. (2003). Poverty reduces the brain's cognitive abilities. Researchers gave intelligence tests to two very different groups, demographically speaking — shoppers at a New Jersey mall and farmers in rural India — and found that mental performance decreased markedly when financial pressures were weighing on them. The findings suggest money woes leave the poor less brainpower for other tasks. "We're not saying the poor are dumber," said study researcher Sendhil Mullainathan, an economist at Harvard University. "It's as if being poor is like pulling an all-nighter, every night," Mullainathan told LiveScience. [10 Ways to Keep Your Mind Sharp] Money on the mind Mullainathan compared doing mental tasks while being poor with surfing the Web while a movie is downloading in the background.

"It's going to be much slower," he said. Some studies have shown people who are poor are less productive workers, less attentive parents and worse money managers. In one experiment, participants earned real money for correct answers. Poverty to blame? Prolonged loneliness can transform the brain to make you MORE antisocial. Animals kept in isolation produce less myelin in brain regions crucial for emotional behaviourChanges in the amount of myelin in the brain have been seen before in psychiatric disordersHowever, research shows myelin production returned to normal after a period of social re-integration By Damien Gayle Published: 17:13 GMT, 13 November 2012 | Updated: 17:13 GMT, 13 November 2012 Prolonged loneliness can affect transform the brain in a way that makes those who suffer it less able to relate to others, a new study suggests.

Research showed that animals kept in isolation for long periods produce less myelin - white matter - in parts of their brain crucial for complex emotional behaviour. The findings from the University at Buffalo and Mt Sinai School of Medicine shed new light on the brain's ability to adapt to environmental changes - a phenomenon known as brain plasticity.

Recently, myelin changes were also seen in very young animals or adolescents responding to environmental changes. NATIONAL CENTER for PTSD Home. PTSD Foundation of America. PTSD Assessment | PTSD Foundation of America. Disruption of Fear Memory through Dual-Hormone Gene Therapy. What Makes You Feel Fear? : Shots - Health News. Hide captionMovies like The Shining frighten most of us, but some brain-damaged people feel no fear when they watch a scary film. However, an unseen threat — air with a high level of carbon dioxide — produces a surprising result. Warner Bros. /Photofest Movies like The Shining frighten most of us, but some brain-damaged people feel no fear when they watch a scary film. However, an unseen threat — air with a high level of carbon dioxide — produces a surprising result. In shorthand often used to describe the brain, fear is controlled by a small, almond-shaped structure called the amygdala.

But it's not quite that simple, as a study published Sunday in Nature Neuroscience demonstrates. One of the best ways to figure out how parts of the brain work is to study people who have damage in those specific areas. Feinstein put her claim to the test. But another University of Iowa researcher, neuroscientist John Wemmie, had a different test for SM: breathing carbon dioxide.

Traumatology "Eye" movement Search Results. Accelerated resolution therapy significantly reduces PTSD symptoms, researchers report -- ScienceDaily. Researchers at the University of South Florida (USF) College of Nursing have shown that brief treatments with Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART) substantially reduce symptoms associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) including, depression, anxiety, sleep dysfunction and other physical and psychological symptoms.

The findings of this first study of ART appear in an on-line article published June 18, 2012 in the Journal Behavioral Sciences. ART is being studied as an alternative to traditional PTSD treatments that use drugs or lengthy psychotherapy sessions. The talk therapy uses back-and-forth eye movements as the patient fluctuates between talking about a traumatic scene, and using the eye movements to help process that information to integrate the memories from traumatic events. For the initial study, USF researchers recruited 80 adult veterans and civilians, ages 21 to 60, in the Tampa Bay area. "Early results are very promising," said principal investigator Kevin E. Mdpi. Institute, Inc. - What is EMDR? In 1987, Francine Shapiro was walking in the park when she realized that eye movements appeared to decrease the negative emotion associated with her own distressing memories1,2. She assumed that eye movements had a desensitizing effect, and when she experimented with this she found that others also had the same response to eye movements.

It became apparent however that eye movements by themselves did not create comprehensive therapeutic effects and so Shapiro added other treatment elements, including a cognitive component, and developed a standard procedure that she called Eye Movement Desensitization (EMD)1. Shapiro then conducted a case study4 and a controlled study1 to test the effectiveness of EMD. In the controlled study, she randomly assigned 22 individuals with traumatic memories to two conditions: half received EMD, and half received the same therapeutic procedure with imagery and detailed description replacing the eye movements. 1Shapiro, F. (1989). 5Shapiro, F. (1989). CRACK COCAINE USE DUE TO DOPAMINE AGONIST THERAPY IN PARKINSON DISEASE. Skip to main page content Neurology Neurology 10.1212/WNL.0b013e318296e9d5 Clinical/Scientific Notes Impulse control disorders (ICD) 1 and the dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) 2 are dopaminergic complications of Parkinson disease (PD) treatment.

A large number of ICDs have been associated with dopamine agonists (DAA), such as gambling, hypersexuality, and consumerism, but none, to our knowledge, involved drugs of abuse. 1 DDS is a condition in which patients with PD abuse l -dopa, taking it excessively despite the dyskinesias or psychotic symptoms that result. 2 DDS produces l -dopa craving, whereas ICDs produce compulsions, and the 2 may coexist. 2 DDS has rarely been associated with dopamine agonists other than apomorphine. SSRI Stories. THC (marijuana) Helps Cure Cancer Says Harvard Study. YouTube. Psychology studies relevant to everyday life from PsyBlog. The Pheromone Androstenol (5α-Androst-16-en-3α-ol) Is a Neurosteroid Positive Modulator of GABAA Receptors. + Author Affiliations Address correspondence to: Dr.

Michael A. Rogawski, Epilepsy Research Section, Porter Neuroscience Research Center, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Building 35, Room 1C-1002, MSC 3702, 35 Convent Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892-3702. E-mail: Abstract Androstenol is a steroidal compound belonging to the group of odorous 16-androstenes, first isolated from boar testes and also found in humans.

Androstenol has pheromone-like properties in both animals and humans, but the molecular targets of its pheromonal activity are unknown. Footnotes This research was supported in part by the Intramural Research Program of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health and by National Institute of Mental Health Grant MH-64797 (to S.V.). The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Mashburn. Universalandtargetedapproachestopreschooleducationintheunitedstates. Psychoneuroimmunology cytokine hypothesis of depression. Positive psychology. Return to Main page. Compiled by William Tillier Calgary Alberta. June, 2012. Table of contents Return to top A). Overview Several early contributions to positive psychology were important including works by Jahoda (1958) and Maslow (1954).

Seligman introduced positive psychology as "a movement" during his term as president of the APA in 1998. Positive psychology has been extremely successful on a number of fronts including over 1000 publications, numerous special issues, numerous handbooks, etc. Psychological concerns with happiness did not originate with Seligman. It appears that from its inception, positive psychology has been plagued by a number of inherent and significant problems. Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi criticized popular psychology and the various "unscientific" applications and self–help movements that developed as spinoffs of humanistic psychology.

Positive experiences, positive emotions and strengths of character are also paramount in this approach. B). 1). 2). 1. IQ Basics. Graph drawn in Excel using the NORMDIST function. This is a quick explanation of IQ, put up due to popular demand. There are many books on psychology or intelligence that would provide a more rigorous explanation of IQ. What is intelligence? The definition I like is that intelligence is "the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trying situations ... also : the skilled use of reason" (7)*. I have heard some people misuse the word smart to mean knowledgeable. I.Q. = Intelligence Quotient Originally, "IQ" tests were created to be able to identify children who might need special education due to their retarded mental development (1). To relate the mental development of a child to the child's chronological age the IQ was invented. Thus the deviation IQ replaced the ratio IQ. What is a standard deviation (SD)?

With the standard deviation and a mean, you can calculate percentiles. There have been various classification systems for IQ. Terman's classification was (6): References. Does High Intelligence Mean Low Cognitive Bias? In thinking through any complex issue, there are going to be different possible solutions and perspectives. Ideally, a smart and critical thinker would reason through the pros and cons of the different possibilities and come to a balanced view of the issue. Yet a great deal of research finds that people tend to just consider what they favor about one side. We see this cognitive bias all the time in the real world. It’s also easy to produce in the lab. But highly intelligent people reason better than the rest, don’t they? Keith Stanovich of the University of Toronto, and his colleagues Richard West and Maggie Toplak have tried to find out. A number of studies have now been conducted on the issue. In one study, subjects read about a controversial issue, such as whether or not people should be allowed to sell their own organs.

In a second study, subjects evaluated arguments, rather than writing them out. Related Articles: Image Credit: Keith E. Mindful Universe - community for mindful living. Mind = Blown. 120 Ways to Boost Your Brain Power. Here are 120 things you can do starting today to help you think faster, improve memory, comprehend information better and unleash your brain’s full potential. Solve puzzles and brainteasers.Cultivate ambidexterity. Use your non-dominant hand to brush your teeth, comb your hair or use the mouse. Write with both hands simultaneously. Switch hands for knife and fork.Embrace ambiguity. Learn to enjoy things like paradoxes and optical illusions.Learn mind mapping.Block one or more senses.

Eat blindfolded, wear earplugs, shower with your eyes closed.Develop comparative tasting. Learn to properly taste wine, chocolate, beer, cheese or anything else.Find intersections between seemingly unrelated topics.Learn to use different keyboard layouts. Readers’ Contributions Dance! Contribute your own tip! There are many, many ways to keep our brains sharp. 50 Ways To Boost Your Brain Power | 4 Mind 4 Life: Mental Health Tips.

1) Meditate — Meditation has been known to increase IQ, relieve stress, and promotes higher levels of brain functioning. Meditation also activates the “prefrontal cortex” of the brain, an area responsible for advanced thinking ability and performance. 2) Draw A Picture — Drawing stimulates the right-hemisphere of the brain and inspires creativity. Get out the colored pencils and begin drawing your way to a powerful brain. 3) Exercise — Long-term exercise has been proven to increase brain power and even create new neurons in the brain.

Go out and get a natural high off of your own brain chemistry through exercise! 4) Brainwave Entrainment — Brainwave entrainment is a safe, innovative way to stimulate and shape the brain and it’s functioning. 5) Avoid Junk Food — Junk food has been proven to decrease energy in the body and promotes “brain fog.” 7) Learn A New Language — Learning adds more structure to the brain and improves the brain’s speech centers. 98 Comments » Nostalgia: Why it is good for you. The past is not just a foreign country, but also one we are all exiled from. Like all exiles, we sometimes long to return. That longing is called nostalgia. Whether it is triggered by a photograph, a first kiss or a treasured possession, nostalgia evokes a particular sense of time or place.

We all know the feeling: a sweet sadness for what is gone, in colours that are invariably sepia-toned, rose-tinted, or stained with evening sunlight. The term “nostalgia” was coined by Swiss physicians in the late 1600s to signify a certain kind of homesickness among soldiers. But, perhaps, it has some function beyond mere sentimentality. Sedikides was inspired by something called Terror Management Theory (TMT), which is approximately 8,000 times sexier than most theories in psychology, and posits that a primary psychological need for humans is to deal with the inevitability of our own deaths.

The responses were influenced by how prone people were to nostalgia. TheStrangestSecret. Make a ripple make a difference free e book. List of Feeling Words. How to speak the language of thought. The Power of Thought. Use Your Words: The Role of Language in the Development of Toddlers’ Self-Regulation. Reasoning Is Sharper in a Foreign Language. Language Skills in Your Twenties May Predict Risk of Dementia Decades Later. Language Skills In Your Twenties May Predict Risk Of Dementia Decades Later. Can Language Skills Ward Off Alzheimer's Disease? The Nun study: clinically silent AD, neuronal hype... [Neurology. 2009.

Some brain wiring continues to develop well into our 20s -- ScienceDaily. Evidence for psychic activity found - StumbleUpon. Entanglement ( personas / metaconstructs ) Cult Help and Information - Home. Comment nos neurones «attrapent» les émotions des autres.