“Britain should have stayed out of the First World War” says Niall Ferguson. Army recruits take the oath in White City, London, December 1914.
“Creating an army more or less from scratch was a recipe for disastrous losses,” claims Niall Ferguson. (Getty Images) What do you see as the main reasons for the outbreak of the First World War? It has been very tempting to assign blame to one country or another, and Germany has borne the brunt of the responsibility in the historical literature. However, my feeling is that we can’t simply replicate the war guilt clause of the Treaty of Versailles. As historians we need to recognise that there was a crisis of the international system in 1914, in which most of the combatants miscalculated in one way or another. How important was the killing of Franz Ferdinand in terms of the outbreak of the war?
I think it was the catalyst for an explosion. Any answer to this question has to explain why this particular assassination produced not just a war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, but one also involving both Russia and Germany. S'informer : Histoire Géographie lycée - Se préparer à l'épreuve orale de DNL Histoire - géographie / Anglais en section européenne. Aider les élèves des sections européennes à préparer leur épreuve orale.
Travail en autonomie à la maison avec de nombreux "aller-retours" prof/élève.Thème abordé : « World War propaganda in the 20th century »en France ? Analyse de deux images de propagande. Description succinte du scénario Une proposition de Guillaume Jarzinski, équipe traAM académique, lycée Stéphane Hessel à Epernay. Les documents pour s'approprier le scénario les objectifsLa mise en oeuvre pédagogiqueLe bilan après expérimentation Les consignes Consigne pour la 1ère image à analyser Consigne pour la 2è image à analyser Les critères d'évaluation grille élaborée Les productions des élèves. New Publication on European Commemoration of World War I Freely Available Online - EUROCLIO - European Association of History Educators.
How are past events commemorated today?
Commemoration strongly depends on the contemporary views of the past. A conference that took place in 2014, “Europäische Erinnerungskulturen – European Commemoration 2014”, touched upon this topic and gave an overview of initiatives, narratives and commemorations taking place across Europe. It provided an opportunity to analyse and discuss different current perceptions on what World War I still stood for a hundred years later. This topic is also central in European Commemoration: Locating World War I, a new anthology that is now published and freely available online. This publication reflects on questions like “What are the correlations between national, transnational and European perspectives?” The publication can be found here. The Nation on its Honour. More than three years after the outbreak of the First World War, on February 3rd, 1917, the recently appointed Food Controller, Lord Devonport, announced the first government-sponsored system of food control.
Unlike Germany, which had introduced rationing early in the conflict, there was a reluctance to do so in Britain, as it went against the prevailing Liberal principles of free trade. Instead, responsibility for food was delegated to the Board of Trade, which saw the answer to the food problem in the maintenance of a steady supply of imports rather than restrictions. Newspapers and periodicals carried notices appealing to the patriotism of British consumers. The Daily Mail and several other publications printed the same article on different dates in August 1914 on war economy, proclaiming that: ‘It has become a patriotic duty as well as a wise precaution to reduce expenditure all round, to jettison luxury in money, food, fuel and the rest.’ La Première Guerre mondiale dans les Archives de la Planète - Accueil. Site d'Anglais de l'Académie de Grenoble - Séquence 'Aspects of Britain, aspects of War'
The First Cyborg.