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The Athenian democracy and the Elgin Marbles

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Prep Activity 1: The complex history of the Parthenon. The Parthenon is Blown Up. The 15-year ‘Great Turkish War’, an effort to oppose the expansion of the Ottoman Empire into Europe, was made up of many smaller conflicts, including the Morean War between Venice and the Ottomans, in which the future Venetian doge and fêted Captain-General Francesco Morosini was given orders to seize Athens and its environs from the Turks.

The Acropolis, however, proved a troublesome target. The Turks were dug in on the summit, having heavily fortified the precipitous site, and much of the Turkish population now lived on and around the monuments and in various ancient buildings. Pericles’ Propylaea was still in ruins following the explosion of a powder magazine kept there in 1656, while the Erectheum was a harem. Instead, it was the Parthenon that presented Morosini with the most logical target as he pulled up his artillery on the Philipappus Hill. This was not the case. On 26 September 1687 Morosini fired, one round scoring a direct hit on the powder magazine inside the Parthenon.

Prep Activity 2: A day in the life of an ancient Athenian - Robert Garland. Want to learn more about life in the ancient world? Check out The Other Side of History: Daily Life in the Ancient World, written by the educator. You can also watch this video or this one. In what ways is the Athenian political system similar to the modern-day campaign trail?

Read about a young statesman named Alcibiades, an Athenian billionaire who tried to achieve political prestige. Are Athenian politicians similar to the ones we have today? Don’t forget to check out this TED-Ed lesson, which also delves into the details of Athenian democracy. An image from the Parthenon Frieze. The Parthenon Frieze in 3D. 8 Elgin Marbles facts: what are they, why are they important, where are they located, why are they in London, what is their history? Purchased by the British crown from Lord Elgin in 1816, the Parthenon Sculptures were presented by parliament to the British Museum, where they have remained ever since. Greece has disputed the British Museum’s ownership of the sculptures, maintaining that Lord Elgin removed them illegally while the country was under Turkish occupation as part of the Ottoman Empire.

Lord Elgin was ambassador to the Ottoman court of the Sultan in Istanbul in the early 19th century. How much do you know about the Elgin Marbles? Here, we bring you the facts… The Elgin Marbles are sculptures from the Parthenon, a marble frieze temple (aka a Doric temple) on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, built in 447–432 BC and dedicated to the goddess Athena. From the beginning of 1817, the Elgin collection was first housed in a temporary gallery designed by Robert Smirke.

To find out more about the Elgin Marbles, visit the British Museum website. An English poem about the Elgin Marbles - Le 26 décembre 1801 commence le démontage du Parthénon. Le responsable est un général et diplomate écossais de 35 ans, Thomas Bruce, septième comte d'Elgin. Un premier navire, la frégate britannique Mentor, quitte le port grec du Pirée pour Londres avec à son bord de nombreux bas-reliefs enlevés au célèbre temple de l'Acropole...

On peut aujourd'hui contempler les « marbres Elgin », hélas mutilés et encagés, sous les voûtes sombres du British Museum... Mais les Grecs ne perdent pas espoir de les voir prendre place dans l'écrin de verre du musée de l'Acropole, construit par Bernard Tschumi au pied de la colline sacrée et inauguré le 20 juin 2009. Fabienne Manière Le temple d'Athéna Le Parthénon a été construit par Périclès sur l'Acropole, de même que les Propylées, qui marquent l'entrée de la colline sacrée, et les temples de l'Erechtéion et d'Athéna Niké. Ces croquis, qui représentent en particulier les frontons et les métopes, sont aujourd'hui visibles au Louvre. Démontage. Prep Activity Source - Democracy of Ancient Athens Audio. Prep Activity 3 - Democracy of Ancient Athens. Point of No Return? Britain and the Elgin Marbles. Do historical objects belong in their country of origin? Museums are returning indigenous human remains but progress on repatriating objects is slow.

It’s not difficult to imagine how someone might be prevented from paying respects to their ancestors and ensuring proper observances because they’re buried overseas. Thousands of families who’ve lost relatives during the battles of far-off wars know only too well the distress of loved ones resting on foreign soil. But for countless Australian Aboriginal families, it’s not voluntary service or even conscription that led to their ancestors’ remains ending up overseas. Rather, it’s grave robbing, and the practice of stealing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders’ bodies to be placed in museums, anatomy collections and cabinets of curiosity. In some particularly grisly cases, known individuals, such as William Lanne described as the last full-blooded Tasmanian Aboriginal man, and Yagan, a Noongar man from the western coast of Australia, were mutilated and rendered anthropological specimens. The Gweagal Shield Object of study Resistance and the future Many museums are attempting to decolonise.

The British Museum’s ‘Looting’ Problem.