Alan Greenspan ( / ˈ æ l ɨ n ˈ ɡ r iː n s p æ n / ; born March 6, 1926) is an American economist who served as Chairman of the Federal Reserve of the United States from 1987 to 2006. He currently works as a private adviser and provides consulting for firms through his company, Greenspan Associates LLC.
Ben Shalom Bernanke [ 1 ] ( / b ər ˈ n æ ŋ k i / , bər- NANG -kee ; [ 2 ] born December 13, 1953) is an American economist and currently chairman of the Federal Reserve , the central bank of the United States. During his tenure as chairman, Bernanke has overseen the Federal Reserve's response to the late-2000s financial crisis . Before becoming Federal Reserve chairman, Bernanke was a tenured professor at Princeton University and chaired the department of economics there from 1996 to September 2002, when he went on public service leave.
Joseph Eugene Stiglitz , ForMemRS , FBA (born February 9, 1943) is an American economist and a professor at Columbia University . He is a recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2001) and the John Bates Clark Medal (1979). He is a former senior vice president and chief economist of the World Bank , and is a former member, and Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] He is known for his critical view of the management of globalization , free-market economists (whom he calls " free market fundamentalists "), and some international institutions like the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank .
Milton Friedman (July 31, 1912 – November 16, 2006) was an American economist , statistician , and author who taught at the University of Chicago for more than three decades. He was a recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences , and is known for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and the complexity of stabilization policy . [ 1 ] As a leader of the Chicago school of economics , he influenced the research agenda of the economics profession. A survey of economists ranked Friedman as the second most popular economist of the twentieth century behind John Maynard Keynes , [ 2 ] and The Economist described him as "the most influential economist of the second half of the 20th century…possibly of all of it." [ 3 ]