Igor Stravinsky - The Rite of Spring (1913) Fantasia 1940 The Rite of Spring Part 2 Evolution YouTube2. Schoenberg: Verklärte Nacht, Op.4 - Boulez. Arnold Schönberg - Pierrot Lunaire - P. Boulez - Ensemble InterContemporain - G.Silja. John Cage's 4'33" (1952)
4′33″ (pronounced "Four minutes, thirty-three seconds" or just "Four thirty-three") is a three-movement composition by American experimental composer John Cage (1912–1992). It was composed in 1952, for any instrument or combination of instruments, and the score instructs the performer(s) not to play their instrument(s) during the entire duration of the piece throughout the three movements. The piece purports to consist of the sounds of the environment that the listeners hear while it is performed, although it is commonly perceived as "four minutes thirty-three seconds of silence". The title of the piece refers to the total length in minutes and seconds of a given performance, 4′33″ being the total length of the first public performance. Conceived around 1947–48, while the composer was working on Sonatas and Interludes, 4′33″ became for Cage the epitome of his idea that any sounds may constitute music. It was also a reflection of the influence of Zen Buddhism, which Cage studied since the late 1940s. – mgtundo
Sonatas and Interludes 1946-1948 (Thomas Nicholson)
Tra il 1946 e il 1948 scrive il suo lavoro per piano preparato più acclamato: Sonatas and interludes. Sono venti pezzi, sedici sonate e quattro interludi, in cui Cage porta ad un livello di maggiore complessità la sua tecnica basata sulle proporzioni ritmiche: la struttura di ogni pezzo è definita da una serie di numeri, e allo stesso modo anche le parti di ogni pezzo sono definite matematicamente. Il processo compositivo è basato largamente sull'improvvisazione e sull'esplorazione delle varie possibilità: Cage ha scritto di averlo composto suonando il piano, sentendo le differenze e facendo una scelta. È il pezzo per piano preparato in cui la preparazione dello strumento è più complessa: ci sono 45 note preparate attraverso l'inserimento di bulloni, pezzi di gomma, pezzi di plastica e noci. – mgtundo
Dada Movement, Artists and Major Works. Dada was an artistic and literary movement that began in Zürich, Switzerland.
It arose as a reaction to World War I and the nationalism that many thought had led to the war. Influenced by other avant-garde movements - Cubism, Futurism, Constructivism, and Expressionism - its output was wildly diverse, ranging from performance art to poetry, photography, sculpture, painting, and collage. Dada's aesthetic, marked by its mockery of materialistic and nationalistic attitudes, proved a powerful influence on artists in many cities, including Berlin, Hanover, Paris, New York, and Cologne, all of which generated their own groups.