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The International Phonetic Alphabet ( IPA ) [ note 1 ] is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet . It was devised by the International Phonetic Association as a standardized representation of the sounds of oral language . [ 1 ] The IPA is used by lexicographers , foreign language students and teachers, linguists , Speech-Language Pathologists , singers , actors , constructed language creators, and translators . [ 2 ] [ 3 ] The IPA is designed to represent only those qualities of speech that are distinctive in oral language: phonemes , intonation , and the separation of words and syllables . [ 1 ] To represent additional qualities of speech such as tooth gnashing, lisping , and sounds made with a cleft palate , an extended set of symbols called the Extensions to the IPA may be used. [ 2 ] IPA symbols are composed of one or more elements of two basic types, letters and diacritics .
I'm posting here a small document I usually keep around to help people understand I18N issues in webapps rather than just hack everything around without a clue of what they are doing. This is all the information I sent to Yannick Q. to help him solve his problem last week There are also a couple of statements I use in my slides of my J2EE training session.
The lessons in this trail teach you how to internationalize Java applications. Internationalized applications are easy to tailor to the customs and languages of end users around the world. Note: This tutorial trail covers core internationalization functionality, which is the foundation required by additional features provided for desktop, enterprise, and mobile applications.
Background It is a good idea to always declare the encoding of external CSS style sheets if you have any non-ASCII text in your CSS file. For example, you may have non-ASCII characters in font names, in values of the content property, in selector values, etc.
This document tries to clarify the concepts of character repertoire , character code , and character encoding especially in the Internet context. It specifically avoids the term character set , which is confusingly used to denote repertoire or code or encoding. ASCII , ISO 646 , ISO 8859 (ISO Latin, especially ISO Latin 1 ), Windows character set , ISO 10646, UCS, and Unicode , UTF-8, UTF-7 , MIME , and QP are used as examples. This document in itself does not contain solutions to practical problems with character codes (but see section Further reading ). Rather, it gives background information needed for understanding what solutions there might be, what the different solutions do - and what's really the problem in the first place.
One World, One Character Set I've spent enough time solving internationalization problems that can be very time consuming bugs to track down. If I could help you out, great, but even better if you got something more to share. Projects come and go and every project has their own problems. Please send me more information on the subject!
Oracle Oracle Technology Network > Java Article
Going beyond the JDK By Mike Gavaghan, JavaWorld.com, 05/24/04 A typical Web application workflow involves a user loading one of your Webpages into her browser, filling out HTML form parameters, and submitting data back to the server.
Scripts | Symbols | Notes Find chart by code: Related links: Name index Help & links Scripts
Posted by joconner on July 27, 2005 at 1:13 PM PDT The J2SE platform has come a long way in internationalization. Some things are just easy...like entering your name in a Swing text field regardless of whether your name is John, JosÃ©, or ç”°ä¸ (Tanaka). Unicode prevails within the Java core. Unfortunately, entering non-ASCII text in the J2EE world isn't nearly as easy.
The table contains alternating rows with octets in the range 128–255 (decimal) and ISO 8859-1 characters with the same code numbers. The first two rows for ISO 8859-1 have been greyed out, since those code positions do not contain printable characters but are reserved for control character purposes. This document has no character encoding information. This allows you to view it using various 8-bit encodings.
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Logo Unicode Unicode est un standard informatique qui permet des échanges de textes dans différentes langues, à un niveau mondial.