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Surveys & Statistics

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Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. Republicans Remain Disproportionately White and Religious. PRINCETON, NJ -- About 9 out of 10 Republicans are non-Hispanic whites, and more than half of these are highly religious.

Republicans Remain Disproportionately White and Religious

That compares with 62% of the Democratic rank-and-file that is white and largely less religious, with blacks and Hispanics making up a much more substantial part of that party's base. These results are based on aggregated data from more than 220,000 Americans surveyed from early January through Aug. 15 of this year as part of Gallup Daily tracking. Whites classified as highly religious are those who say religion is important in their daily lives and who report attending religious services weekly or almost every week. Hispanics include everyone who identifies as Hispanic, regardless of race. Religious Intensity Remains Powerful Predictor of Politics. PRINCETON, NJ -- Americans' religious intensity continues to be a major predictor of party identification.

Religious Intensity Remains Powerful Predictor of Politics

A new analysis of more than 29,000 interviews Gallup conducted in November finds that Republicans outnumber Democrats by 12 percentage points among Americans who are classified as highly religious, while Democrats outnumber Republicans by 30 points among those who are not religious. The current analysis is based on 29,192 interviews conducted as part of Gallup Daily tracking during the month of November. Party identifiers include those who initially identify with one of the two major parties plus independents who, in a follow-up question, say they lean toward one party or the other. Evolution, Creationism, Intelligent Design. Next, we'd like to ask about your views on two different explanations for the origin and development of life on earth.

Evolution, Creationism, Intelligent Design

Do you think -- [ITEMS ROTATED] -- is -- [ROTATED: definitely true, probably true, probably false, (or) definitely false]? A. Evolution, that is, the idea that human beings developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life B. Creationism, that is, the idea that God created human beings pretty much in their present form at one time within the last 10,000 years If a presidential candidate stated that he or she DID not believe in the theory of evolution, would that make you -- [ROTATED: much more likely to vote for that candidate, a little more likely, not make a difference either way, would it make you a little less likely, (or) much less likely to vote for that candidate]? One-Third of Americans Believe the Bible is Literally True. PRINCETON, NJ -- About one-third of the American adult population believes the Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally word for word.

One-Third of Americans Believe the Bible is Literally True

This percentage is slightly lower than several decades ago. The majority of those Americans who don't believe that the Bible is literally true believe that it is the inspired word of God but that not everything it in should be taken literally. About one in five Americans believe the Bible is an ancient book of "fables, legends, history, and moral precepts recorded by man. " Belief in a literal Bible is strongly correlated with indicators of religion, including church attendance and identification with a Protestant or other non-Catholic Christian faith. There is also a strong relationship between education and belief in a literal Bible, with such belief becoming much less prevalent among those who have college educations.

Background One's view of the authority of the Bible has been and remains a key focal point for many religions today. Campbell and Putnam: Charity's Religious Edge. An in-depth look at USA's religious beliefs, practices. Most religious groups in USA have lost ground, survey finds. By Cathy Lynn Grossman, USA TODAY When it comes to religion, the USA is now land of the freelancers.

Most religious groups in USA have lost ground, survey finds

The percentage. of people who call themselves in some way Christian has dropped more than 11% in a generation. The faithful have scattered out of their traditional bases: The Bible Belt is less Baptist. The Rust Belt is less Catholic. And everywhere, more people are exploring spiritual frontiers — or falling off the faith map completely. These dramatic shifts in just 18 years are detailed in the new American Religious Identification Survey (ARIS), to be released today. "More than ever before, people are just making up their own stories of who they are. Among the key findings in the 2008 survey: • So many Americans claim no religion at all (15%, up from 8% in 1990), that this category now outranks every other major U.S. religious group except Catholics and Baptists.

. • Baptists, 15.8% of those surveyed, are down from 19.3% in 1990. Religion as a hobby Social mobility a factor. 'Nones' now 15% of population. By Cathy Lynn Grossman, USA TODAY Don't blame secularism for driving up the percentage of Americans who say they have no religion, says Barry Kosmin, co-researcher for the 2008 American Religious Identification Survey (ARIS).

'Nones' now 15% of population

"These people aren't secularized. They're not thinking about religion and rejecting it; they're not thinking about it at all," Kosmin says.