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The Aberdeen women transported 10,000 miles for petty theft. Cretans don’t get heart disease despite high-fat diet due to good genes. In the sun-kissed village of Anogia in northern Crete, people live long and healthy lives.

Cretans don’t get heart disease despite high-fat diet due to good genes

But this is not further evidence of the benefits of a Mediterranean diet as they enjoy diet rich in animal fat that would otherwise be expected to cause high levels of heart disease and premature death. Now scientists have discovered the Cretan villagers' secret: they have a genetic variant that protects them against the harmful effects of ‘bad’ fats and ‘bad’ cholesterol. It is thought this particular genetic make-up may be almost unique to the population of Crete's Mylopotamos area. Theconversation. There have been some noteworthy examples of successful human ageing in the press recently.

theconversation

It was announced that Prince Phillip will be retiring from royal duties in the autumn, at the age of 96. A couple of days later we heard the sad news that 85-year-old Min Bahadur Sharchan died in an attempt to summit Everest (having successfully climbed the mountain at 76 years of age). Theconversation. Every time a cell divides, there is a chance for a mutation (mistake) to occur in the DNA - the substance that carries genetic information in all living organisms.

theconversation

These mutations can lead to cancer. If all cells have a similar chance of developing cancer-causing mutations, then very large and long-lived animals with more cells undergoing more cell divisions should develop cancer at a higher rate than smaller, short-lived animals with fewer cells dividing over less time. But in 1977, Sir Richard Peto noted that humans develop cancer at a rate similar to mice. This is despite having 1,000 times as many cells and living 30 times as long. Theconversation. James Baldwin, the author, playwright and social critic, whose life is depicted in the remarkable 2016 film I Am Not Your Negro, once said: “It is certain, in any case, that ignorance, allied with power, is the most ferocious enemy justice can have.”

theconversation

Major breakthrough in search for cause of MS. A major new discovery has been made towards finding the cause of multiple sclerosis, potentially paving the way for fresh treatments.

Major breakthrough in search for cause of MS

Scientists have found a new cellular mechanism which may cause the disease, and a potential hallmark which could be a target for future treatment of the autoimmune disorder. Multiple sclerosis affects around 2.5 million people around the world. Typically, people are diagnosed in their 20s and 30s, and it is more common in women than men. It’s time to stop looking for yourself. A vast array of books and courses is offered on self-development and self-improvement.

It’s time to stop looking for yourself

Our lives seem to be in a state of flux and change, but legions of coaches, therapists and lifestyle counsellors are on hand to steer us safely through these choppy waters by teaching us self-esteem and authenticity. The message often is: be yourself! Look within yourself for answers and then you can achieve what you want. This message might once have been emancipatory. Motivational interviewing in brief consultations. Stephen Rollnick, Nina Gobat, Jacqueline Batson Stephen Rollnick Stephen Rollnick is an honorary distinguished professor in the department of primary care and public health, Cardiff University.

Motivational interviewing in brief consultations

He worked as a clinical psychologist in the NHS for 16 years before following a career in research and training. His current interests include the training of practitioners who treat children with HIV-AIDS in African countries, and a new book for school teachers. Accra a century ago: life in Ghana before independence – in pictures. Accra at 60: concrete heads and colonial questions in Ghana's capital. On this day 60 years ago, many of Ghana’s workers were given the day off.

Accra at 60: concrete heads and colonial questions in Ghana's capital

They flocked to central Accra, a city originally settled in the 15th century, to hear Kwame Nkrumah declare independence. Health Economics. Patient Voices: An ordinary surgeon. Research to Publication. How good journalists can face down fake newsmongers. Voting for Brexit hasn’t saved us from secretive trade deals. A turbocharged version of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) could be heading Britain’s way after Theresa May’s Brexit white paper.

Voting for Brexit hasn’t saved us from secretive trade deals

That’s the upsetting irony for those (and there were a few) who voted to leave the European Union to escape nasty trade deals that involve secret courts to resolve corporate disputes. These are the courts that some of the world’s biggest companies have used when they want to overturn local laws that jeopardise their profits. Tobacco company Philip Morris was a keen exponent. Its legal suits in Australia, Uruguay and others against plain cigarette packaging caused an outcry and cost the respective governments millions of pounds in legal fees, even though it failed. Light Trailer - Full Length. Amartya Sen: ‘Referendums are like opinion polls. Sometimes they’re very wrong’ Amartya Sen is one of the world’s greatest living economists.

Amartya Sen: ‘Referendums are like opinion polls. Sometimes they’re very wrong’

Scarred by witnessing at first hand the life-and-death choices confronting so many poor Hindus and Muslims, especially women, during and then after the partition of India, Sen, who was born in Manikganj (now in Bangladesh) in 1933, has insisted throughout his life that no good society can excuse putting anyone in such a position. These inequalities are insupportable whether they are in the developing or the developed world. Economics, along with the mathematics and moral philosophy in which it is embedded, has a duty to address these realities. Conservatives cleverly argue that society is not an individual thing but a mass of individuals who, because their values and preferences are impossible to aggregate, cannot therefore make choices about what constitutes social good. Doc of the wild: Animals are my business - Daily Nation. By ROSE ODENGO More by this Author This young man’s beginning is a humble one. Born and raised in Kibera, the only place Fredrick knew was this place, which has become synonymous with poverty.

Fredrick’s father worked for the Nairobi City Council, and was determined to see that his son did something with his life. “My father always told me to not just sit there, that I should do something constructive with my life.” Goodbye, Kind Friend: RIP The Bear (1995-2016) My cat The Bear died yesterday morning. I’m pretty sure I know the exact moment he died because at about 2.40am I woke with a full body jolt that felt like a benevolently intended electric shock and my house felt very different to how it had ever felt before. A few hours later, as the lazy winter sun was finally beginning to rise over the line of bare trees overlooking my house, I went downstairs and found him on his side in the hallway, lifeless.

Autism linked to vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy, researchers find. The important role vitamin D plays in early life is back in the spotlight after Australian researchers noticed a link between a deficiency during pregnancy and autism. The study found pregnant women with low vitamin D levels at 20 weeks’ gestation were more likely to have a child with autistic traits by the age of six. The finding has led to calls for the widespread use of vitamin D supplements during pregnancy, just as taking folate has reduced the incidence of spina bifida in the community. “This study provides further evidence that low vitamin D is associated with neurodevelopmental disorders,” said Professor John McGrath from the University of Queensland’s Brain Institute, who led the research alongside Dr Henning Tiemeier from the Erasmus Medical Centre in the Netherlands.

Nigel Slater’s Christmas vegetarian loaf. A Brexit strategy that could unite UK's parliaments – and keep Britain in the single market. Nearly six months after the UK’s vote to leave the EU, the path to Brexit is still uncharted. All we know is that because the UK government wants to maximise single market access without accepting the free movement of people, it is looking for a different arrangement to any that currently exists. Representatives of the EU institutions and the other 27 member states have rejected the idea of a bespoke free-trade agreement with the UK. Jamanetwork.

Our mental health obsession has fuelled the politics of Donald Trump and Brexit. Theconversation. Theconversation. Named - Map your surname across the UK. This amazing map lets you find out where your surname is most popular across the UK. How popular is your surname around different parts of the UK? Surnames Meanings, Origins & Distribution Maps. Theconversation. Enough Said: What’s Gone Wrong With the Language of Politics? by Mark Thompson – review. Theconversation. Expert interview: Why we all need vitamin D.

Bigpic video. Topper Headon calls for Case Studies for The Hepatitis C Trust. Delivering a bad presentation - spot the mistakes. Delivering a good presentation - identify the good techniques. Dannells. Lawrence Loh: Public health and why terminology matters. Theconversation. Theconversation. Richard Smith: Medicine’s need for philosophy. Theconversation. The John Usher Institute of Public Health of the University of Edinburgh. BBC Radio 4 - The Reith Lectures, Michael Sandel: A New Citizenship: 2009, Markets and Morals.

You’d be surprised how much you can do with a chickpea – Yotam Ottolenghi recipes. The trouble with people who lived in the past. Flashmob Flash Mob - Ode an die Freude ( Ode to Joy ) Beethoven Symphony No.9 classical music. Why the Tory project is bust. Blog: A dad's perspective on autism. Opinion: Amartya Sen: the economic consequences of austerity.