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Manage Booking. FCA. Home - European Banking Authority. European Financial Reporting Advisory Group - EFRAG. 14/04/2014 | EFRAG INSIDER - First quarter 2014 EFRAG Insider was created in the course of 2010 to inform founding and funding members about current developments in all EFRAG activities.

European Financial Reporting Advisory Group - EFRAG

EFRAG Insider is now available to a wider audience and is published every quarter on average. 14/04/2014 | EFRAG's report on the findings from the limited survey on the proposed simplifications to IASB ED Leases EFRAG released a report that summarises the findings from a limited survey on the proposed simplifications to the accounting for lessees under IASB’s Exposure Draft Leases.

The limited survey was carried out by EFRAG in association with the standards setters from France, Germany, Italy and the UK (ANC, ASCG, FRC and OIC, respectively). 11/04/2014 | EFRAG's Draft Comment Letter on the IASB's ED/2014/1 Disclosure Initiative (Amendments to IAS 1) An online information resource on all things bank board-related.

UK Stewardship Code. The UK Stewardship Code aims to enhance the quality of engagement between asset managers and companies to help improve long-term risk-adjusted returns to shareholders.

UK Stewardship Code

The Code also describes steps asset owners can take to protect and enhance the value that accrues to the ultimate beneficiary. The Code sets out a number of areas of good practice to which the FRC believes institutional investors should aspire and operates on a 'comply or explain' basis. The FCA requires UK authorised asset managers to report on whether or not they apply the Code. The UK Stewardship Code First published in.


U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Home. Welcome to AFME (Association for Financial Markets in Europe) Esma. Financial Risk Management. 1.9.4 Emer­gence of Risk Man­age­ment In 1990, risk man­age­ment was novel.

Financial Risk Management

Many fi­nan­cial firms lacked an in­de­pen­dent risk man­age­ment func­tion. This con­cept was prac­ti­cally un­heard of in non­fi­nan­cial firms. The term “risk man­age­ment” was not new. It had long been used to de­scribe tech­niques for ad­dress­ing prop­erty and ca­su­alty con­tin­gen­cies. Risk re­duc­tion through safety, qual­ity con­trol, and haz­ard ed­u­ca­tion; andal­ter­na­tive risk fi­nanc­ing, in­clud­ing self-in­sur­ance and cap­tive in­sur­ance. Such tech­niques, to­gether with tra­di­tional in­sur­ance, were col­lec­tively re­ferred to as risk man­age­ment. More re­cently, de­riv­a­tive deal­ers had been pro­mot­ing “risk man­age­ment” as the use of de­riv­a­tives to hedge or cus­tomize mar­ket risk ex­po­sures.

The new “risk man­age­ment” that evolved dur­ing the 1990s is dif­fer­ent from ei­ther of the ear­lier forms. . … the in­ter­est rate swap mar­ket now to­tals sev­eral tril­lion dol­lars. Back Testing Value-at-Risk. By Romain Berry J.P.

Back Testing Value-at-Risk

Morgan Investment Analytics & Consulting This article is the sixth in a series of articles exploring risk management for institutional investors. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The Laws That Govern the Securities Industry. Securities Act of 1933 Often referred to as the "truth in securities" law, the Securities Act of 1933 has two basic objectives: require that investors receive financial and other significant information concerning securities being offered for public sale; and prohibit deceit, misrepresentations, and other fraud in the sale of securities.

The Laws That Govern the Securities Industry

Dodd-Frank and the Law. Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Pub.L. 111–203, H.R. 4173; commonly referred to as Dodd-Frank) was signed into federal law by President Barack Obama on July 21, 2010 at the Ronald Reagan Building in Washington, DC.[1] Passed as a response to the Great Recession, it brought the most significant changes to financial regulation in the United States since the regulatory reform that followed the Great Depression.[2][3][4] It made changes in the American financial regulatory environment that affect all federal financial regulatory agencies and almost every part of the nation's financial services industry.[5][6] As with other major financial reforms, a variety of critics have attacked the law, some arguing it was not enough to prevent another financial crisis or more "bail outs", and others arguing it went too far and unduly restricted financial institutions.[7] Origins and proposal[edit] Share in GDP of U.S. financial sector since 1860[9]

Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act

Dodd-Frank Act. Sarbanes-Oxley Act Forum. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act 2002. Sarbanes–Oxley Act. The bill was enacted as a reaction to a number of major corporate and accounting scandals including those affecting Enron, Tyco International, Adelphia, Peregrine Systems and WorldCom.

Sarbanes–Oxley Act

These scandals cost investors billions of dollars when the share prices of affected companies collapsed, and shook public confidence in the US securities markets. The act was approved by the House by a vote of 423 in favor, 3 opposed, and 8 abstaining and by the Senate with a vote of 99 in favor, 1 abstaining. President George W. Bush signed it into law, stating it included "the most far-reaching reforms of American business practices since the time of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Sarbanes-Oxley Basics. Value-at-Risk (VaR) EmailShare Value-at-risk (VaR) is a prob­a­bilis­tic met­ric of mar­ket risk (PMMR) used by banks and other or­ga­ni­za­tions to mon­i­tor risk in their trad­ing port­fo­lios.

Value-at-Risk (VaR)

For a given prob­a­bil­ity and a given time hori­zon, value-at-risk in­di­cates an amount of money such that there is that prob­a­bil­ity of the port­fo­lio not los­ing more than that amount of money over that hori­zon. For ex­am­ple, if a port­fo­lio has a one-day 90% value-at-risk of USD 3.2 mil­lion, such a port­fo­lio would be ex­pected to not lose more than USD 3.2 mil­lion, nine days out of ten. XBRL.SEC.GOV.