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The two mental shifts highly successful people make. “When you change the way you look at things, the things you look at change.” — Max Planck, German quantum theorist and Nobel Prize winner There are two primary mental shifts that occur in the lives of all highly successful people. Many make the first, but very few make the second. Both of these shifts require a great deal of mental stretching from conventional and societal ways of thinking. In many ways, these shifts require you to unlearn the negative and sabotaging programming from your youth, public education, and even adulthood.

The foundation of the first shift is the sublime power of choice and individual responsibility. Unfortunately, the results of the first shift can be overly-satisfying on one hand or paralyzing on the other. For example, when a musician starts out, they write lots of music for the love of it. Their focus shifts from why they’re writing music to what their music has brought them. In this article, I explain the process of experiencing the first and second shift. I'm a millennial who spent a year devising a data-driven approach to behaving ethically. Here it is.

Britain’s health care system has been broken for quite some time, but it’s not beyond repair. While US president Donald Trump was incorrect about why people were marching about the National Health Service (they were protesting the level of government spending), there was some truth in what he said about “health care going broke and not working.”

But judging by many Brits’ responses to Trump’s comments, which were not taken well, you might think the UK’s free health care system is perfect. It really isn’t. Like many other nations, Britons see America’s health care system as the antithesis of good care. In comparison to the cost and complication of the US system, the UK’s national health service looks dreamy: No matter who you are, where you’re from, or what your profession, you simply get the care you need—for free. Consequently, Brits adore the NHS and hold it up as a sacred idol. The NHS is not that great Services provided to patients are underwhelming too. A case study in failure. 10 Schools of Philosophy and Why You Should Know Them. For your reading pleasure, here are ten schools of philosophy you should know about.

Some of them are commonly misunderstood, and we correct that problem here. Nihilism The leading philosophy among angsty teens who misunderstand Nietzsche. The root of the word 'nihilism' is derived from the Latin nihil, meaning "nothing", and it is a more of a series of related positions and problems than a single school of thought. The key idea of it is the lack of belief in meaning or substance in an area of philosophy. As opposed to popular understanding, Nietzsche was not a nihilist. Existentialism The leading philosophy among angsty undergraduates who understand Nietzsche. Existentialism is a school of thought originating in the work of Soren Kierkegaard and Nietzsche. The existentialists also included Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, and Martin Heidegger.

Stoicism A philosophy popular in ancient Greece and Rome, and practiced today by many people in high-stress environments. Hedonism Marxism Taoism. 10 Schools of Philosophy and Why You Should Know Them. What to Do When a Personal Crisis Is Hurting Your Professional Life. Solving Product Design Exercises: Interview Questions & Answers. Why the majority is always wrong | Paul Rulkens | TEDxMaastricht. Leonardo Da Vinci is history’s best case for wasting time. You probably know to ask yourself, "What do I want?" Here's a way better question. Everybody wants what feels good. Everyone wants to live a carefree, happy and easy life, to fall in love and have amazing sex and relationships, to look perfect and make money and be popular and well-respected and admired and a total baller to the point that people part like the Red Sea when you walk into the room.

Everyone would like that — it’s easy to like that. If I ask you, “What do you want out of life?” And you say something like, “I want to be happy and have a great family and a job I like,” it’s so ubiquitous that it doesn’t even mean anything. A more interesting question, a question that perhaps you’ve never considered before, is what pain do you want in your life? What are you willing to struggle for?

Everybody wants to have an amazing job and financial independence — but not everyone wants to suffer through 60-hour work weeks, long commutes, obnoxious paperwork, to navigate arbitrary corporate hierarchies and the blasé confines of an infinite cubicle hell. You Don’t Find Your Purpose — You Build It. Executive Summary We’re all looking for purpose. Most of us feel that we’ve never found it, we’ve lost it, or in some way we’re falling short. But in the midst of all this angst, we’re also suffering from fundamental misconceptions about purpose.

Challenging these misconceptions could help us develop a more rounded vision of purpose. The first misconception is that purpose is a thing you find. “How do I find my purpose?” Ever since Daniel Gulati, Oliver Segovia, and I published Passion & Purpose six years ago, I’ve received hundreds of questions — from younger and older people alike — about purpose. But in the midst of all this angst, I think we’re also suffering from what I see as fundamental misconceptions about purpose — neatly encapsulated by the question I receive most frequently: “How do I find my purpose?” Misconception #1: Purpose is only a thing you find. Make no mistake: That can happen, at least in some form. Misconception #2: Purpose is a single thing. 20 Questions To Guide Inquiry-Based Learning.

20 Questions To Guide Inquiry-Based Learning Recently we took at look at the phases of inquiry-based learning through a framework, and even apps that were conducive to inquiry-based learning on the iPad. During our research for the phases framework, we stumbled across the following breakdown of the inquiry process for learning on (who offer the references that appear below the graphic).

Most helpfully, it offers 20 questions that can guide student research at any stage, including: What do I want to know about this topic? How do I know I know it? What kinds of resources might help? How do I know the info is valid? These stages have some overlap with self-directed learning. References Cross, M. (1996). Kuhlthau, C., Maniotes, L., & Caspari, A. (2007). Harvard scientists think they might have pinpointed the source of human consciousness. Human Consciousness Human consciousness has been defined as awareness, sentience, a person’s ability to experience and feel, but despite the important role it plays in our lives and making us who we are, we actually know very little about how consciousness works.

Scientists currently believe that consciousness is composed of two components: arousal and awareness. The first is regulated by the brainstem, but the physical origins of the latter were always a mystery. Now, a team of researchers at Harvard think they may have discovered the regions of the brain that work with the brainstem to maintain consciousness. “For the first time, we have found a connection between the brainstem region involved in arousal and regions involved in awareness, two prerequisites for consciousness,” said Michael D. To better understand why some patients were able to maintain consciousness despite injuries while others went into comas, the researchers analyzed 36 patients with brainstem lesions. How to Find Something You Would Die for, and Live for It – Medium.

✍️ by Peter Diamandis This post is about achieving “significance” during exponential times. Significance is the feeling that your life (and your work) has had a meaningful and lasting impact. And today, during these exponential times, that impact can be greater than any time in history. Significance Over Success — Choosing Your Target Too many people spend their whole life on a treadmill striving for financial success and/or fame. People often take a job or start a company because they think it’s a quick way to get rich or get noticed, i.e. to be successful. Throughout my career, whenever I’ve started a company just to make money, it’s been a mistake. On the flip side, when I start a company to solve a problem truly important to me, one that excites me, even if the solution takes 10 years, every one of those 10 years are well spent — educational and fulfilling.

When given a choice to prioritize significance (meaningfulness) over success (financial or otherwise), take it. Identifying Your Target. Outsmart Your Own Biases. Suppose you’re evaluating a job candidate to lead a new office in a different country. On paper this is by far the most qualified person you’ve seen. Her responses to your interview questions are flawless. She has impeccable social skills. Still, something doesn’t feel right. You can’t put your finger on what—you just have a sense. How do you decide whether to hire her? You might trust your intuition, which has guided you well in the past, and send her on her way. It can be dangerous to rely too heavily on what experts call System 1 thinking—automatic judgments that stem from associations stored in memory—instead of logically working through the information that’s available.

We are all susceptible to such biases, especially when we’re fatigued, stressed, or multitasking. Most of us tend to be overconfident in our estimates. One solution is to delegate and to fight bias at the organizational level, using choice architecture to modify the environment in which decisions are made.