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Cognitive Psycology

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An Unusual Cure for Not Enough Sleep. This Thing For Which We Have No Name. It's not my job to be a behavioral economist; my job is to actually popularize behavioral economics.

This Thing For Which We Have No Name

Multilinguals Have Multiple Personalities. In an essay published on Monday, New Republic Senior Editor Noam Scheiber—who grew up speaking both Hebrew and English—explains why he stopped speaking only Hebrew to his three-year-old daughter.

Multilinguals Have Multiple Personalities

“My Hebrew self turns out to be much colder, more earnest, and, let’s face it, less articulate," he writes. "In English, my natural sensibility is patient and understated. My style in Hebrew was hectoring and prosecutorial.” I understand the feeling. Insights - Out of Character: The Hidden Forces That Change Who We Are. Why We're Sometimes Kind Without Reason - Charles Montgomery. Elizabeth Loftus: The fiction of memory. The Science of Why We Don't Believe Science.

Illustration: Jonathon Rosen "A MAN WITH A CONVICTION is a hard man to change.

The Science of Why We Don't Believe Science

Tell him you disagree and he turns away. Show him facts or figures and he questions your sources. The Science of Why We Don't Believe Science. Climategate had a substantial impact on public opinion, according to Anthony Leiserowitz, director of the Yale Project on Climate Change Communication.

The Science of Why We Don't Believe Science

It contributed to an overall drop in public concern about climate change and a significant loss of trust in scientists. But—as we should expect by now—these declines were concentrated among particular groups of Americans: Republicans, conservatives, and those with "individualistic" values. Liberals and those with "egalitarian" values didn't lose much trust in climate science or scientists at all.

The Science of Why Comment Trolls Suck. Mark Matcho Everybody who's written or blogged about climate change on a prominent website (or, even worse, spoken about it on YouTube) knows the drill.

The Science of Why Comment Trolls Suck

Shortly after you post, the menagerie of trolls arrives. They're predominantly climate deniers, and they start in immediately arguing over the content and attacking the science—sometimes by slinging insults and even occasional obscenities. To cite a recent example: Ted Kaptchuk of Harvard Medical School studies placebos. Two weeks into Ted Kaptchuk’s first randomized clinical drug trial, nearly a third of his 270 subjects complained of awful side effects.

Ted Kaptchuk of Harvard Medical School studies placebos

All the patients had joined the study hoping to alleviate severe arm pain: carpal tunnel, tendinitis, chronic pain in the elbow, shoulder, wrist. In one part of the study, half the subjects received pain-reducing pills; the others were offered acupuncture treatments. Fear Can Be Erased from the Brain. Newly formed emotional memories can be erased from the human brain.

Fear Can Be Erased from the Brain

This is shown by researchers from Uppsala University in a new study now being published by the academic journal Science. The findings may represent a breakthrough in research on memory and fear. Pricing Experiments You Might Not Know, But Can Learn From. Lots of entrepreneurs struggle with pricing.

Pricing Experiments You Might Not Know, But Can Learn From

How much to charge? It’s clear that the right price can make all the difference – too low and you miss out on profit; too high and you miss out on sales. Punishing Cheaters Promotes the Evolution of Cooperation. "Primates Playing Poker" by Nathaniel Gold Humans are one of the most cooperative species on the planet.

Punishing Cheaters Promotes the Evolution of Cooperation

Our ability to coordinate behavior and work collaboratively with others has allowed us to create the natural world’s largest and most densely populated societies, outside of deep sea microbial mats and a few Hymenoptera mega-colonies. However, a key problem when trying to understand the evolution of cooperation has been the issue of cheaters. Individuals in a social group, whether that group is composed of bacteria, cichlids, chimpanzees, or people, often benefit when cooperating with others who reciprocate the favor. But what about those individuals who take advantage of the generosity of others and provide nothing in return?

Jon Ronson: Strange answers to the psychopath test. Are Warnings About the Side Effects of Drugs Making Us Sick? Hello there! If you enjoy the content on Neurotribes, consider subscribing for future posts via email or RSS feed. Is the Internet Making Us Crazy? What the New Research Says - Newsweek and The Daily Beast. You’re Addicted to What? Why We Cry: The Fascinating Psychology of Emotional Release. May 18, 2012 | Like this article?

Why We Cry: The Fascinating Psychology of Emotional Release

Join our email list: Stay up to date with the latest headlines via email. At the site of the 2010 Chilean mine disaster, the son of miner Florencio Avalos burst into tears when his father was brought safely to the surface. Later that month, Caylee Anthony’s grandmother was shown weeping over her granddaughter’s death. A Year After the Non-Apocalypse: Where Are They Now? Space Euphoria: Do Our Brains Change When We Travel in Outer Space? In February, 1971, Apollo 14 astronaut Edgar Mitchell experienced the little understood phenomenon sometimes called the “Overview Effect”. He describes being completely engulfed by a profound sense of universal connectedness. Addicts, Mythmakers and Philosophers. Plato Alan Brody explains Plato’s/Socrates’ understanding of habitually bad behavior. Thad held up his right hand and asked “See this?” He showed me gnarled and maimed fingers.

Thad told me that while he was flying his plane into Turkey, the Turkish air force forced him to land, having gotten wind that he was running drugs. The Benefits of Being Bilingual. Art Markman, Ph.D.: Creativity, Persistence and Working Memory. Tali Sharot: The optimism bias. An Optical Illusion that Explains the Origins of Imaginary Monsters. Synesthesia may explain healers claims of seeing people's 'aura' Jailbreak Rat: Selfless Rodents Spring Their Pals and Share Their Sweets. The English language is not especially kind to rats. Rory Sutherland: Perspective is everything. Highly religious people are less motivated by compassion than are non-believers.

Thinking in a Foreign Language Makes Decisions More Rational. To judge a risk more clearly, it may help to consider it in a foreign language. A series of experiments on more than 300 people from the U.S. and Korea found that thinking in a second language reduced deep-seated, misleading biases that unduly influence how risks and benefits are perceived.

Must One Risk Madness to Achieve Genius? Think or Thwim » How Honest Are You? It Depends on the Art on the Wall. Blog » The Crazy World of Visual Hallucinations. Would We Have Drugged Up Einstein? How Anti-Authoritarianism Is Deemed a Mental Health Problem. February 20, 2012 | Like this article? Join our email list: Stay up to date with the latest headlines via email. In my career as a psychologist, I have talked with hundreds of people previously diagnosed by other professionals with oppositional defiant disorder, attention deficit hyperactive disorder, anxiety disorder and other psychiatric illnesses, and I am struck by 1) how many of those diagnosed are essentially anti-authoritarians; and 2) how those professionals who have diagnosed them are not.

Anti-authoritarians question whether an authority is a legitimate one before taking that authority seriously. Shlomo Benartzi: Saving for tomorrow, tomorrow. Shawn Achor: The happy secret to better work. Ariel Garten: Know thyself, with a brain scanner. How People Are Fooled by Evidence.

Rationality is the crowning achievement of our species. The ability to use evidence is true the cornerstone of science, medicine, and our legal system. Why Walking Through A Doorway Makes You Forget. Violent video games alter brain function in young men. Neuroscience - io9 stories - io9. Barry Schwartz on the paradox of choice. Ramachandran - Ames room illusion explained. Psychology Today: Health, Help, Happiness + Find a Therapist.