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Relaciones Internacionales y Medio Ambiente

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10 Environmental Books You Should Read Over Holiday Vacation. Best Environmental Books (573 books) Habermas in Environmental Thought - Gunderson - 2014 - Sociological Inquiry. Handbook of Global Environmental Politics. Handbook of Global Environmental Politics. Understanding Global Environmental Politics: Domination, Accumulation ... - M. Paterson. Les pesticides tueurs d’abeilles triplent la mortalité des insectes.

Une étude publiée par « Nature », menée au Royaume-Uni pendant dix-huit ans, illustre de façon incontestable la relation entre insecticides néonicotinoïdes et déclin des butineurs. LE MONDE | • Mis à jour le | Par Martine Valo Les insecticides de la famille des néonicotinoïdes, les plus efficaces jamais synthétisés, tuent massivement abeilles et bourdons. Il n’y a plus désormais que les firmes agrochimiques pour le nier. Ou du moins pour sous-évaluer le rôle de ces pesticides dans le déclin catastrophique des colonies d’insectes butineurs. Ces sociétés préfèrent le réduire à un facteur pathogène parmi d’autres : virus, monocultures réduisant et fragmentant leurs habitats, champignons, invasion de frelons, réchauffement climatique… Il semble, au contraire, que les néonicotinoïdes multiplient par trois cette mortalité accélérée. De précédentes études scientifiques ont évalué leurs effets sublétaux et neurotoxiques sur les abeilles domestiques, en particulier. Des preuves solides. El planeta podría perder a sus animales más grande.

Becas Colombia Biodiversa - Instrucciones para la aplicación. Concursar en las Becas Colombia Biodiversa es muy fácil: Lea las bases de las Becas Colombia Biodiversa: haciendo clic aquí. Diligencie el formulario de preinscripción: haciendo clic aquí Diligencie el formulario desde un computador, (no utilice celulares, ni tabletas). El computador debe tener instalado el Plugin Flash Player. Descárguelo desde aquí. El computador debe tener instalado Acrobat Reader. Descárguelo desde aquí. Tenga en cuenta: Para cualquier información adicional o pregunta sobre el diligenciamiento del cuestionario, por favor comuníquese a: colombiabiodiversa@faae.org.co. El 2015 bate récord de ambientalistas asesinados.

El último informe de la ONG Global Witness arrojó una de las cifras más indignantes y preocupantes en materia de derechos humanos: 185 defensores de la tierra y el medio ambiente fueron asesinados en 2015, en 16 países. 66 % de las víctimas son latinoamericanas. Las industrias extractivas y mineras, los proyectos hidroeléctricos, el acaparamiento de tierras para la agroindustria a gran escala y la tala, generalmente asociada a madereros ilegales que entran en áreas protegidas o territorios indígenas, fueron las principales causas de los crímenes perpetrados. “Uno de los factores subyacentes a todos los asesinatos fue la presión sobre la propiedad, el control o el uso de la tierra; por lo que muchas comunidades rurales se vieron sometidas a una violenta represión por parte de terratenientes y empresas con más poder que ellos”, dice el informe.

La lista la encabeza Brasil (con 50 asesinatos), Filipinas (con 33), Colombia (con 26), y Perú y Nicaragua (con 12 cada uno). List of speeches. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search This list of speeches includes those that have gained notability in English or in English translation. The earliest listings may be approximate dates. Before the 1st century[edit] Pre 19th century[edit] 30: The Sermon on the Mount, a compilation of the sayings of Jesus, epitomizing his moral teaching.632: The Farewell Sermon, delivered by the Islamic prophet, Muhammad some weeks before his death.1095: Beginning of the Christian Crusades by Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont.

Nineteenth century[edit] Otto von Bismarck in the North German Parliament. Twentieth century[edit] Pre-World War I & World War I[edit] Inter-war years and World War II[edit] 1930: Allahabad Address by Muhammad Iqbal. 1945–1991 Cold War years[edit] 1946: Sinews of Peace by Winston Churchill, introducing the phrase Iron Curtain to describe the division between eastern and western Europe. 1992 - 2000 Post Cold War years[edit] Twenty-first century[edit] Global Environmental Politics - Pamela S. Chasek, David L. Downie, Janet Brown. Nature (philosophy) Nature has two inter-related meanings in philosophy.

On the one hand, it means the set of all things which are natural, or subject to the normal working of the laws of nature. On the other hand, it means the essential properties and causes of individual things. How to understand the meaning and significance of nature has been a consistent theme of discussion within the history of Western Civilization, in the philosophical fields of metaphysics and epistemology, as well as in theology and science. The study of natural things and the regular laws which seem to govern them, as opposed to discussion about what it means to be natural, is the area of natural science. Teshe word "nature" derives from Latin nātūra, a philosophical term derived from the verb for birth, which was used as a translation for the earlier Ancient Greek term phusis which was derived from the verb for natural growth, for example that of a plant.

And so Bacon advised... 51. Against Nature. Argues that the tradition of critical theory has had significant problems dealing with the concept of nature and that their solutions require taking seriously the idea of nature as socially constructed. “Vogel's book lies at the intersection of three important fields: Marxist Critical Theory, postempiricist philosophy and sociology of science, and environmental ethics. It is truly excellent. The argument is original and convincing. The project of relating the Western Marxist tradition to contemporary trends in philosophy of science and environmental ethics enriches all three fields.” —Andrew Feenberg, San Diego State University Against Nature examines the history of the concept of nature in the tradition of Critical Theory, with chapters on Lukacs, Horkheimer and Adorno, Marcuse, and Habermas.

“This is a stunningly good piece of work on a crucial problem within an influential tradition in twentieth-century philosophy. Steven Vogel is Professor of Philosophy at Denison University. Three Challenges For Environmental Philosophy | Issue 88. Sustainability Jim Moran explains why saving the planet will be an uphill struggle. The recent development of the branch of philosophy called ‘environmental philosophy’, or as it is sometimes referred to, ‘environmental ethics’, has been characterized by a variety of theoretical disputes about the best way to provide a philosophical basis for engagement with the environmental problems facing us, now and in the future.

Many of the early writers hoped that a new environmental ethics would emerge, embodying a set of principles that could help us deal with our relation to animals and the natural world in a way that traditional ethical theories seemed to have overlooked. One of the early contributors to this project was Aldo Leopold, who was not a philosopher but a professor of forestry and land management. Each of these topics has been the subject of considerable discussion among environmental philosophers, and yet to this point no consensus has emerged on how best to deal with any of them. Environmental Ethics. 1. Introduction: The Challenge of Environmental Ethics Suppose putting out natural fires, culling feral animals or destroying some individual members of overpopulated indigenous species is necessary for the protection of the integrity of a certain ecosystem. Will these actions be morally permissible or even required? Is it morally acceptable for farmers in non-industrial countries to practise slash and burn techniques to clear areas for agriculture?

Consider a mining company which has performed open pit mining in some previously unspoiled area. Does the company have a moral obligation to restore the landform and surface ecology? In the literature on environmental ethics the distinction between instrumental value and intrinsic value (in the sense of “non-instrumental value”) has been of considerable importance. When environmental ethics emerged as a new sub-discipline of philosophy in the early 1970s, it did so by posing a challenge to traditional anthropocentrism. 2. 3. 3.1 Deep Ecology. Idea of Progress. In intellectual history, the Idea of Progress is the idea that advances in technology, science, and social organization can produce an improvement in the human condition.

That is, people can become better in terms of quality of life (social progress) through economic development (modernization), and the application of science and technology (scientific progress). The assumption is that the process will happen once people apply their reason and skills, for it is not divinely foreordained. The role of the expert is to identify hindrances that slow or neutralize progress.

The Idea of Progress emerged primarily in the Enlightenment in the 18th century.[1][2] Significant movements in this period were Diderot's Encyclopedia, which carried on the campaign against authority and superstition, and the French Revolution. In the nineteenth century, the idea of progress was united by Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer to their theories of evolution. History[edit] Antiquity[edit] Historian J. Postdevelopment theory. Postdevelopment theory (also post-development, or anti-development) holds that the whole concept and practice of development is a reflection of Western-Northern hegemony over the rest of the world.

Postdevelopment thought arose in the 1980s out of criticisms voiced against development projects and development theory, which justified them. Development as ideology[edit] The postdevelopment critique holds that modern development theory is a creation of academia in tandem with an underlying political and economic ideology. The academic, political, and economic nature of development means it tends to be policy oriented, problem-driven, and therefore effective only in terms of and in relation to a particular, pre-existing social theory. The actual development projects thus initiated, by both governments and NGOs, are directed in accordance with this development theory. Reviewing development[edit] Post-development theory[edit] Critique of ethnocentrism and universalism[edit] James Ferguson[edit] Robyn Eckersley. Robyn Eckersley (born 1958) is a Professor and Head of Political Science in the School of Social and Political Sciences, University of Melbourne, Australia.

Background[edit] Eckersley grew up in Perth and graduated in law from the University of Western Australia. She studied at the University of Cambridge, and has a PhD in environmental politics from the University of Tasmania.[1] She was previously a public lawyer, then a lecturer at Monash University until 2001 when she moved to the University of Melbourne. The Green State[edit] Eckersley's arguments are largely conducted in the domain of political theory, but have proven influential in environmental politics. Works[edit] Peter Christoff and Robyn Eckersley. 2013. References[edit] External links[edit] Outline of green politics. Green politics – political ideology that aims for the creation of an ecologically sustainable society rooted in environmentalism, social liberalism, and grassroots democracy.[1] It began taking shape in the western world in the 1970s; since then Green parties have developed and established themselves in many countries across the globe, and have achieved some electoral success.

Nature of green politics[edit] Green politics can be described as: Essence of green politics[edit] Main article: Green politics Contributing philosophies[edit] Overlapping movements[edit] Green politics shares many ideas with the following movements: Green schools of thought[edit] Values and principles[edit] Democracy[edit] Environment[edit] Feminism[edit] Green economics[edit] Policy issues[edit] A few issues affect most of the green parties around the world, and can often inhibit global cooperation. On matters of ecology, extinction, biosafety, biosecurity, safe trade and health security, "Greens" generally agree. Our Top 10 Environmental Documentary Films. By Chiara Spagnoli Gabardi and Arwa Lodhi The 32nd edition of Festival international du film d’environnement recently being held in France sparked much discussion and thought around environmental issues. It also got me thinking about what we would classify as the top 10 environmental documentary films of all time.

Of course, there’s Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth. For many of us, that was our first wake-up call to what’s happening to our planet. But since then, there have been plenty of films calling attention to plenty of different issues, from the dangers of GMOs to the problems of plastics. Here’s our collective pick of what we think are absolute must-watch films, some with links you can see right now. 1. Theme: Global Warming Watch it here As most of us know, climate change is a theme that Al Gore is extremely committed to and passionate about. As Gore states in the film, he has given the lecture more than a thousand times around the globe. 2. Theme: Air Pollution 3. Watch it here 4. 5. Environmental Film Profiles (videos) | Environment & Society Portal. Environment. List of environmental films. Environmental issues have increasingly become a topic in film and television. Within the last twenty years, commercially successful films with an environmentalism theme have been released theatrically and made by the major Hollywood studios.

The Annual Environmental Media Awards have been presented by the Environmental Media Association (EMA) since 1991 to the best television episode or film with an environmental message.[1] Some notable films with an environmental message include:[2] List of documentary films about the environment[edit] A documentary film is a film whose author(s), at the time of its production, believed its information to be true. List of fictional films about the environment[edit] Some fictional films are based on true events. Television[edit] See also[edit] References[edit] External links[edit] Love Canal. Love Canal is a neighborhood of Niagara Falls, New York. It is the site of an infamous Superfund disaster that greatly affected the health of hundreds of its residents.

Originally a planned dream community, Love Canal experienced growth as a model section for nearly a century. The area slowly declined before being bought out in the 1940s by the Hooker Company. In the late 1970s, Love Canal received national attention for the ensuing health development that originated from the disposal of 22,000 barrels of toxic waste. Numerous families were displaced, having been contaminated with chemicals and toxic waste, resulting in severe health issues. Many of the families suffered high red blood cell counts and indications of leukemia.

The entire neighborhood had been demolished and a Superfund cleanup site took years before wrapping up in 2004. Early history[edit] Love Canal was named after William T. Geography[edit] Love Canal disaster[edit] State of the town at the time[edit] Backstory[edit] Juicio Final. Escatología. Premature Deaths from Environmental Degradation Threat to Global Public Health, UNEP Report Says.

Muertes por contaminación. Sustainable Development Goals. Www.jstor.