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Pierre de Fermat ( French: [pjɛːʁ dəfɛʁma] ; 17 [ 1 ] August 1601 or 1607/8 [ 2 ] – 12 January 1665) was a French lawyer at the Parlement of Toulouse , France , and an amateur mathematician who is given credit for early developments that led to infinitesimal calculus , including his technique of adequality . In particular, he is recognized for his discovery of an original method of finding the greatest and the smallest ordinates of curved lines, which is analogous to that of the differential calculus , then unknown, and his research into number theory . He made notable contributions to analytic geometry , probability , and optics . He is best known for Fermat's Last Theorem , which he described in a note at the margin of a copy of Diophantus ' Arithmetica . [ edit ] Life and work Fermat was born, most probably in November 1607, in Beaumont-de-Lomagne , Tarn-et-Garonne , France; the late 15th century mansion where Fermat was born is now a museum.
René Descartes ( French: [ʁəne dekaʁt] ; Latinized : Renatus Cartesius ; adjectival form : "Cartesian"; [ 6 ] 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and writer who spent most of his adult life in the Dutch Republic . He has been dubbed the 'Father of Modern Philosophy', and much subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, [ 7 ] [ 8 ] which are studied closely to this day. In particular, his Meditations on First Philosophy continues to be a standard text at most university philosophy departments.
Applied mathematics is a branch of mathematics that concerns itself with mathematical methods that are typically used in science, engineering, business, and industry. Thus, "applied mathematics" is a mathematical science with specialized knowledge. The term "applied mathematics" also describes the professional specialty in which mathematicians work on practical problems; as a profession focused on practical problems, applied mathematics focuses on the formulation and study of mathematical models.
You are a probability machine, a statistician, a mathematical wizard. You may not be aware of this simple fact, but its true: Every day, you engage in a series of probabilistic decision-making. You choose based on the probabilities of various outcomes taking place.
In statistics , regression analysis is a statistical technique for estimating the relationships among variables. It includes many techniques for modeling and analyzing several variables, when the focus is on the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables . More specifically, regression analysis helps one understand how the typical value of the dependent variable changes when any one of the independent variables is varied, while the other independent variables are held fixed. Most commonly, regression analysis estimates the conditional expectation of the dependent variable given the independent variables — that is, the average value of the dependent variable when the independent variables are fixed.
By M. Bourne Jessica Simpson What has mathematics got to do with beauty? Actually, a lot. Physical attraction depends on ratio .
Version for printing It is often thought that mathematics can only develop after a civilisation has developed some form of writing. Although not easy for us to understand today, many civilisations reached highly advanced states without ever developing written records. Now of course it is difficult for us to know much about such civilisations since there is no written record to be studied today. This article looks at the mathematical achievements of one such civilisation. The civilisation we discuss, which does not appear to have found a need to develop writing, is that of the Incas.
A tiling with squares whose side lengths are successive Fibonacci numbers An approximation of the golden spiral created by drawing circular arcs connecting the opposite corners of squares in the Fibonacci tiling; this one uses squares of sizes 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, and 34. In mathematics , the Fibonacci numbers or Fibonacci series or Fibonacci sequence are the numbers in the following integer sequence : (sequence A000045 in OEIS )