Tasks. How To Help Ecuador Earthquake Victims. Ecuador earthquake: Rescuers race to find survivors. The man, who was about 35 years old, had called his mother with his cell phone to tell her he was still alive under the rubble, CNN affiliate Teleamazonas reported. Firefighters who traveled to Ecuador from Bogota, Colombia, helped rescue him, Teleamazonas said. But families fear that time is running out to find missing loved ones. The 7.8-magnitude quake, which struck Saturday night, has killed at least 413 people, officials said Monday. More than 2,500 more were injured. The hardest-hit area of the South American nation was the coastal Manabi Province, where about 200 people died, said Ricardo Peñaherrera of Ecuador's national emergency management office.
The cities of Manta, Portoviejo and Pedernales, a tourist destination, saw the most devastation, but damage was widespread throughout the country. Images posted by authorities on social media showed huge piles of rubble, collapsed roads and rescuers rushing to help. OJO. Load More "It was something very ugly. International aid pours in. A close call with death in Ecuador’s earthquake. Ecuadorians are camped out across the country as rescuers continue to dig through the rubble from Saturday's 7.8-magnitude earthquake. (Reuters) PEDERNALES, Ecuador — If Maria Zambrano had stayed in the pharmacy a bit longer, gossiping with the girl behind the counter, she would be dead.
Zambrano, 61, had gone around the corner from the small stand where she sold costume jewelry, barrettes and sunglasses, to pick up some vitamins, leaving the shop not five minutes before a 7.8-magnitude earthquake hit Ecuador’s Pacific coast. “As I left I said, ‘See you tomorrow. Have a good night,’ ” she said, tears spilling down her cheeks as she sat in a temporary shelter that she and some neighbors rigged up in the town square. Behind her, backhoes and rescue crews were combing the debris of the pharmacy for remains.
Correa tried to lift spirits by saying the country will overcome “these very difficult moments” but also added a sobering message that the full extent of the quake was still unknown. M7.8 - 27km SSE of Muisne, Ecuador. The April 16, 2016 M 7.8 earthquake, offshore of the west coast of northern Ecuador, occurred as the result of shallow thrust faulting on or near the plate boundary between the Nazca and South America plates. At the location of the earthquake, the Nazca plate subducts eastward beneath the South America plate at a velocity of 61 mm/yr. The location and mechanism of the earthquake are consistent with slip on the primary plate boundary interface, or megathrust, between these two major plates. Subduction along the Ecuador Trench to the west of Ecuador, and the Peru-Chile Trench further south, has led to uplift of the Andes mountain range and has produced some of the largest earthquakes in the world, including the largest earthquake on record, the 1960 M 9.5 earthquake in southern Chile.
While commonly plotted as points on maps, earthquakes of this size are more appropriately described as slip over a larger fault area. Ecuador has a history of large subduction zone related earthquakes. NatGeo Mapmaker Interactive. Earthquake Glossary - focal depth. Earthquake Glossary - magnitude. The magnitude is a number that characterizes the relative size of an earthquake. Magnitude is based on measurement of the maximum motion recorded by a seismograph. Several scales have been defined, but the most commonly used are (1) local magnitude (ML), commonly referred to as "Richter magnitude", (2) surface-wave magnitude (Ms), (3) body-wave magnitude (Mb), and (4) moment magnitude (Mw). Scales 1-3 have limited range and applicability and do not satisfactorily measure the size of the largest earthquakes. The moment magnitude (Mw) scale, based on the concept of seismic moment, is uniformly applicable to all sizes of earthquakes but is more difficult to compute than the other types.
Compare the fault area of the magnitude 7.3 (top) with that of the magnitude 5.6 (smallest one near the bottom). 1985 Earth's Dynamic Crust - National Geographic Society. NatGeo Mapmaker Interactive. Earthquakes 101 - National Geographic Society. Ecuador Quake is on Fault That Generates Monster Shakers. The large earthquake that jolted Ecuador on Saturday, April 16, reached magnitude 7.8. The shaking occured in a fault region that has unleashed much bigger quakes in the past, including the largest earthquake ever recorded by scientific instruments, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Saturday's quake near the Pacific coast killed at least 270 people, many crushed in collapsed buildings. The quake occured in a very seismically active area on the Pacific coast of South America. At the earthquake site, a piece of Earth's crust called the Nazca plate is diving beneath South America, moving eastward at 61 milimeters per year, according to the geological survey. The grinding of huge slabs of rock at this boundary creates thrust faults, when one chunks juts out over another.
It is not the only large jolt that has shaken the region in the past.