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Wabi-sabi. A Japanese tea house which reflects the wabi-sabi aesthetic in Kenroku-en (兼六園) Garden Wabi-sabi (侘寂?)

Wabi-sabi

Japanese I. Tour of a Traditional Japanese House. The Rise and Fall of the Japanese Empire 日本帝國的興衰. Japan's independent kids I The Feed. Shogun. A Shogun (将軍, Shōgun?

Shogun

, [ɕoːɡu͍ɴ], "general", literally "military commander") was a hereditary military dictator in Japan during the period from 1192 to 1867, with some caveats. Samurai. In Japanese, they are usually referred to as bushi (武士?

Samurai

, [bu.ɕi]) or buke (武家?). According to translator William Scott Wilson: "In Chinese, the character 侍 was originally a verb meaning "to wait upon" or "accompany persons" in the upper ranks of society, and this is also true of the original term in Japanese, saburau. Japanese tea ceremony. The elaborate and refined Japanese tea ceremony is meant to demonstrate respect through grace and good etiquette as demonstrated here by Genshitsu Sen, 15th Grand Master of the Urasenke Tea School.

Japanese tea ceremony

The Japanese tea ceremony, also called the Way of Tea, is a Japanese cultural activity involving the ceremonial preparation and presentation of matcha (抹茶), powdered green tea. In Japanese, it is called chanoyu (茶の湯?) Or sadō, chadō (茶道?). Japanese folklore. Japanese folklore encompasses the folk traditions of Japan and the Japanese people.

Japanese folklore

In Japanese, the term minkan denshō (民間伝承, "transmissions among the folk"?) Is used to describe folklore; the study of folkloristics is known as minzokugaku (民俗学?). Folklorists also employ the term minzoku shiryō (民俗資料?) Or "folklore material" (民俗資料) to refer to objects and arts they study. Folk religion[edit] A parallel custom is the secretive Akamata-Kuromata[ja] ritual of the Yaeyama Islands, Okinawa which does not allow itself to be photographed.[2][3] Japanese mythology. Japanese myths, as generally recognized in the mainstream today, are based on the Kojiki, the Nihon Shoki, and some complementary books.

Japanese mythology

The Kojiki, or "Record of Ancient Matters", is the oldest surviving account of Japan's myths, legends and history. The Shintōshū describes the origins of Japanese deities from a Buddhist perspective, while the Hotsuma Tsutae records a substantially different version of the mythology. [citation needed] Japanese architecture. Japanese architecture (日本建築, Nihon kenchiku?)

Japanese architecture

Has traditionally been typified by wooden structures, elevated slightly off the ground, with tiled or thatched roofs. Sliding doors (fusuma) were used in place of walls, allowing the internal configuration of a space to be customized for different occasions. People usually sat on cushions or otherwise on the floor, traditionally; chairs and high tables were not widely used until the 20th century. Japanese aesthetics. The modern study of Japanese aesthetics only started a little over two hundred years ago in the West.

Japanese aesthetics

The Japanese aesthetic is a set of ancient ideals that include wabi (transient and stark beauty), sabi (the beauty of natural patina and aging), and yūgen (profound grace and subtlety).[1] These ideals, and others, underpin much of Japanese cultural and aesthetic norms on what is considered tasteful or beautiful. Thus, while seen as a philosophy in Western societies, the concept of aesthetics in Japan is seen as an integral part of daily life.[2] Japanese aesthetics now encompass a variety of ideals; some of these are traditional while others are modern and sometimes influenced by other cultures.[1]

Culture of Japan. The culture of Japan has evolved greatly over the millennia, from the country's prehistoric Jōmon period, to its contemporary modern culture, which absorbs influences from Asia, Europe, and North America.

Culture of Japan

The inhabitants of Japan experienced a long period of relative isolation from the outside world during the Tokugawa shogunate after Japanese missions to Imperial China, until the arrival of "The Black Ships" and the Meiji period. Japanese language[edit] Japanese is the official and primary language of Japan. Japanese is relatively small but has a lexically distinct pitch-accent system. Sexuality in Japan. Sexuality in Japan has developed separately from mainland Asia, as Japan did not adopt the Confucian view of marriage in which chastity is highly valued.

Sexuality in Japan

Monogamy in marriage was less prized in Japan, and married men often sought pleasure from courtesans. Prostitution in Japan has a long history, and became especially popular during the Japanese economic miracle, as evening entertainments were tax-deductible. Homosexuality and bisexuality are less frowned upon than in many other parts of the world. Japanese pornography has a wide following worldwide and is translated and exported nearly everywhere, due to its wide range of themes and media. Japan has a vibrant fetish scene, particularly in the larger cities, that has influenced many fetish communities worldwide.

Decreasing sexual activity[edit] The reasons for this decline in sex interest are still widely discussed; There are many theories and different contributing factors. Housing in Japan. Housing in Japan includes modern and traditional styles. Two patterns of residences are predominant in contemporary Japan: the single-family detached house and the multiple-unit building, either owned by an individual or corporation and rented as apartments to tenants, or owned by occupants. Additional kinds of housing, especially for unmarried people, include boarding houses (which are popular among college students), dormitories (common in companies), and barracks (for members of the Self-Defense Forces, police and some other public employees). An unusual feature of Japanese housing is that houses are presumed to have a limited lifespan, and are generally torn down and rebuilt after a few decades, generally twenty years for wooden buildings and thirty years for concrete buildings – see regulations for details.

Housing statistics[edit] Education in Japan. In Japan, education is compulsory at the elementary and lower secondary levels.[1] Most students attend public schools through the lower secondary level, but private education is popular at the upper secondary and university levels. Japan's education system played a central part in Japan's recovery and rapid economic growth in the decades following the end of World War II. After World War II, the Fundamental Law of Education and the School Education Law were enacted in 1947 under the direction of the occupation forces. The latter law defined the school system that is still in effect today: six years of elementary school, three years of junior high school, three years of high school, two or four years of university. Education prior to elementary school is provided at kindergartens and day-care centers. Public and private day-care centers take children from under age one on up to five years old.

History[edit] Meiji Restoration[edit] Post-WWII[edit] School grades[edit] Junior high school[edit] Etiquette in Japan. The code of etiquette in Japan governs the expectations of social behavior in the country and is considered very important. Like many social cultures, etiquette varies greatly depending on one's status relative to the person in question. Many books instruct readers on its minutiae. Bathing[edit] Bathing is an important part of the daily routine in Japan. Elderly people in Japan. This article focuses on the situation of elderly people in Japan and the recent changes in society. Japan's population is aging (see Aging of Japan). During the 1950s, the percentage of the population in the 65-and-over group remained steady at around 5%.

Throughout subsequent decades, however, that age group expanded, and by 1989 it had grown to 11.6% of the population. It was expected to reach 16.9% by 2000 and almost 25.2% by 2020. Perhaps the most outstanding feature of this trend was the speed with which it was occurring in comparison to trends in other industrialized nations. Shinto. Shinto priest and priestess. Shinto (神道, Shintō?) , also kami-no-michi,[note 1] is the indigenous religion of Japan and the people of Japan.[2] It is defined as an action-centered religion,[3] focused on ritual practices to be carried out diligently, to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.[4] Founded in 660 BC according to Japanese mythology,[5] Shinto practices were first recorded and codified in the written historical records of the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki in the 8th century.

Still, these earliest Japanese writings do not refer to a unified "Shinto religion", but rather to a collection of native beliefs and mythology.[6] Shinto today is a term that applies to the religion of public shrines devoted to the worship of a multitude of gods (kami),[7] suited to various purposes such as war memorials and harvest festivals, and applies as well to various sectarian organizations. According to Inoue (2003): Religion in Japan. Suicide in Japan. History of Japan. Human habitation in the Japanese archipelago can be traced back to prehistoric times. The Jōmon period, named after its "cord-marked" pottery, was followed by the Yayoi in the first millennium BC, when new technologies were introduced from continental Asia.

Begin Japanology - Apartments and Condominiums. Rangaku. The Chinese characters (kanji) for "Rangaku". The first character "ran" is an abbreviation of the ateji for "Holland" (阿蘭陀, or with 2 Kanji 和蘭), o-ran-da? , abbreviated to "ran" – because it is the emphasized syllable; cf. Dejima. This article is about the artificial island. For the sumo wrestler, see Dejima Takeharu. Dejima and Nagasaki Bay, circa 1820.

Two Dutch ships and numerous Chinese trading junks are depicted. View of Dejima island in Nagasaki Bay (from Siebold's Nippon, 1897) Philipp Franz von Siebold (with Taki and his child Ine) watching an incoming Dutch ship at Dejima (painting by Kawahara Keiga, between 1823-29) Central part of reconstructed Dejima In 1922, "Dejima Dutch Trading Post" was designated a Japanese national historic site.