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Traditionalist conservatism , also known as "traditional conservatism," "traditionalism," " Burkean conservatism", "classical conservatism" and (in the United Kingdom and Canada ), " Toryism ", describes a political philosophy emphasizing the need for the principles of natural law and transcendent moral order, tradition , hierarchy and organic unity , agrarianism , classicism and high culture , and the intersecting spheres of loyalty. [ 1 ] Some traditionalists have embraced the labels " reactionary " and " counterrevolutionary ", defying the stigma that has attached to these terms since the Enlightenment . Traditionalism developed in 18th-century Europe (particularly in response to the English Civil War and the French Revolution ). In the middle of the 20th century it started to organize itself in earnest as an intellectual and political force.
Liberalism includes many views on many topics. I will confine my attention to the liberal principle of tolerance: the coercive powers of the society are limited by a commitment to the broadest toleration of rival religious and moral conceptions consistent with the protection of crucial social interests such as preventing harm to others and preserving institutions of law and government. The state is thus to be neutral in the religious and moral wars that rage over the point of human life and the detailed ways of life worthy of human beings; but, of course, the state must keep the peace between one individual and another and between competing factions.