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"Black mold" or "toxic mold" are terms often used to describe Stachybotrys , a mold that has received much media attention in recent years. This slow-growing mold requires severe water damage to porous materials such as sheetrock, wood, cardboard, paper or jute-backed carpeting) in order to grow. It does NOT grow on bathroom tile but may be found in other areas in a bathroom.
Stachybotrys chartarum , also called Stachybotrys atra , Stachybotrys alternans or Stilbospora chartarum , is a black mold that produces its conidia in slime heads. It is sometimes found in soil and grain, but the mold is most often detected in cellulose -rich building materials from damp or water-damaged buildings. [ 1 ] S. chartarum was originally described from the wall of a house in Prague in 1837 by Czech mycologist August Carl Joseph Corda . It requires high moisture content in order to grow and is associated with wet gypsum material and wallpaper. [ 2 ] [ edit ] Medical and veterinary issues Health problems related to this mold have been documented in humans and animals since the 1930s; [ 3 ] it is also considered a likely candidate for the Biblical condition mistranslated as "leprosy", tzaraath . [ 4 ] More recently, S. chartarum has been linked with so-called sick building syndrome . However, the link has not been firmly established in the scientific literature. [ 5 ]
I heard about "toxic molds" that grow in homes and other buildings. Should I be concerned about a serious health risk to me and my family? The term "toxic mold" is not accurate. While certain molds are toxigenic, meaning they can produce toxins (specifically mycotoxins), the molds themselves are not toxic, or poisonous. Hazards presented by molds that may produce mycotoxins should be considered the same as other common molds which can grow in your house.