background preloader

Cognitive Plasticity

Facebook Twitter

Train Your Brain! – Brainy Sundays. I am sure many of you know the feeling of pressure when thinking about all the money you pay for the gym that you last visited over one month ago. Why didn’t you go there yesterday or the day before or the day before that? In this article, I will give you sufficient reasons from a neuroscientific perspective for why you should exercise regularly! Why is physical exercise important? I do not need to tell you about the obvious reasons like physical shape, strength, flexibility, and exercise induced endorphins that you gain when you are physically active. Due to the plasticity of the brain, physical activity evokes structural as well as functional changes in the brain. Effects on the brain – structural and functional changes Due to physical exercise, changes in blood flow and vascularization take place. Structural changes measured by neuroimaging techniques after physical exercise show an increase in grey matter volume in frontal brain regions and an increase of hippocampus volume.

Technology - Neuroscape. Neuroscape’s unique multidisciplinary approach involves the development of custom-designed, closed-loop systems that integrate recent technological advances in software (e.g., 3D video game engines, multimodal recording and brain computer interface algorithms) with the latest innovations in hardware (e.g., virtual reality, motion capture, GPU computing, wearable physiological recordings, and transcranial brain stimulation). Building effective closed-loop technologies necessitates collaborative development teams of experienced designers, programmers, multimedia engineers, UI experts, and artist/musicians, working closely with our Core scientists to generate engaging interactive experiences complete with adaptivity, rewards, art, music, and story.

Neuroscape technologies at various stages of development and research include: ACE, Beep Seeker, BBT, Engage, Glass Brain, MediTrain, Neuroracer, Rhythmicity, Virtual Attention, Worder, and Cognitive Paradigms. Different meditation types train distinct parts of your brain. Tom Merton/Getty By Caroline Williams We are used to hearing that meditation is good for the brain, but now it seems that not just any kind of meditation will do. Just like physical exercise, the kind of improvements you get depends on exactly how you train – and most of us are doing it all wrong.

That the brain changes physically when we learn a new skill, like juggling or playing a musical instrument, has been known for over a decade. Two new studies published in Science Advances suggest that certain kinds of meditation can change social and emotional circuitry, too. Advertisement One technique was based on mindfulness meditation, and taught people to direct attention to the breath or body.

In one study, MRI scans taken after each three-month course showed that parts of the cortex involved in the specific skill that was trained grew thicker in comparison with scans from a control group. All of the brain changes were matched by improvements in tests of the relevant skills. How To Condition Your Mind - Geoff Blades. Use These Mental Tricks to Prepare for Dealing with Unpleasant People. Untitled. How the orchestra is arranged by the biology of the brain | Aeon Ideas.

Imagine yourself at a concert hall looking at a symphonic orchestra on stage. Have you ever noticed that high-pitched strings sit left of low-pitched strings? Going from left to right, one usually sees violins, violas, cellos and double basses. That is, one moves from high pitches on the left to low pitches on the right. Why? Higher pitches tend to be better processed by the left hemisphere of the brain, while lower pitches tend to be better processed by a similar region in the right hemisphere.

Confusingly, left-right differences outside the brain usually cross and become right-left processing in the brain. How humans evolved such a confusing brain organisation is largely unclear. This left-right crossing has a strange consequence for modern humans listening to an orchestra. You might think that this does not really matter. Deutsch’s Scale Illusion In which ear did you hear the high melody? If the right ear hears high tones better, why are high-pitched instruments located on the left?

Why doesn’t physics help us to understand the flow of time? | Aeon Essays. ​​​​‘What then is time? Provided that no one asks me, I know. If I want to explain it to an inquirer, I do not know.’ Saint Augustine, Confessions (397-400 AD) ​‘Out of fear of dying, the art of storytelling was born.’ Eduardo Galeano, Mirrors: Stories of Almost Everyone (2009) I have a memory, a vivid one, of watching my elderly grandfather wave goodbye to me from the steps of a hospital. My memory of my grandfather’s farewell still provokes in me a longing for a world where a more lawful order holds, where connections with those we love are not bound by time and space.

The flow of time is certainly one of the most immediate aspects of our waking experience. Yet today’s physicists rarely debate what time is and why we experience it the way we do, remembering the past but never the future. To declare that question outside the pale of physical theory doesn’t make it meaningless. The Newtonian and Einsteinian world theories offer little guidance.

Get Aeon straight to your inbox. Harvard Unveils MRI Study Proving Meditation Literally Rebuilds The Brain’s Gray Matter In 8 Weeks. Test subjects taking part in an 8-week program of mindfulness meditation showed results that astonished even the most experienced neuroscientists at Harvard University. The study was led by a Harvard-affiliated team of researchers based at Massachusetts General Hospital, and the team’s MRI scans documented for the very first time in medical history how meditation produced massive changes inside the brain’s gray matter. “Although the practice of meditation is associated with a sense of peacefulness and physical relaxation, practitioners have long claimed that meditation also provides cognitive and psychological benefits that persist throughout the day,” says study senior author Sara Lazar of the MGH Psychiatric Neuroimaging Research Program and a Harvard Medical School instructor in psychology. “This study demonstrates that changes in brain structure may underlie some of these reported improvements and that people are not just feeling better because they are spending time relaxing.”

Harvard Unveils MRI Study Proving Meditation Literally Rebuilds The Brain’s Gray Matter In 8 Weeks. How to Develop the Situational Awareness of Jason Bourne. How to Hack Your Flow: Live Life at the Limits and Boost Productivity. The Daily Routines of Famous Creative People. Home Page. This wiki is a collaborative environment for exploring ways to become a better thinker. Topics that can be explored here include MemoryTechniques, MentalMath, CriticalThinking, BrainStorming, ShorthandSystems, NotebookSystems, and SmartDrugs.

Other relevant topics are also welcome. SiteNews Wiki Topics Mindhacker: The support page for the 2011 book by RonHaleEvans and MartyHaleEvans. MindPerformanceHacks: The support page for the 2006 book of the same name by RonHaleEvans. Easily memorize complex information - MemoryTechnique Do hard math in your head - MentalMath Improve your intelligence Think better Other pages What is a Wiki?

A wiki is a web site built collaboratively by a community of users. Feel free to add your own content to this wiki. The Mentat Wiki is powered by Oddmuse, and hosted by the Center for Ludic Synergy. How we all could benefit from synaesthesia | Science | The Observer. Sitting in a small, computer-lined room trying to remember a succession of different-coloured words scrolling past on a screen doesn't sound like the cutting edge of scientific research.

However, academics at the University of East London are using word tests to assess the impact synaesthesia can have on memory – and the potential it might have to ward off the decline in cognitive function that can affect the elderly. Synaesthesia, the neurological condition that causes a blending of the senses – colours can be connected to letters and numbers, smells and tastes to music or touch to vision – has long been linked to creativity: famous synaesthetes include Sibelius and more recently Pharrell Williams and Lady Gaga. But among the wider population it has remained a mysterious condition, although it is known to affect at least 4.4% of adults across its many forms. "One of the streams of the latest research is to look at how synaesthesia affects development in a child. Over the Hill at 24: Persistent Age-Related Cognitive-Motor Decline in Reaction Times in an Ecologically Valid Video Game Task Begins in Early Adulthood.

Typically studies of the effects of aging on cognitive-motor performance emphasize changes in elderly populations. Although some research is directly concerned with when age-related decline actually begins, studies are often based on relatively simple reaction time tasks, making it impossible to gauge the impact of experience in compensating for this decline in a real world task. The present study investigates age-related changes in cognitive motor performance through adolescence and adulthood in a complex real world task, the real-time strategy video game StarCraft 2. In this paper we analyze the influence of age on performance using a dataset of 3,305 players, aged 16-44, collected by Thompson, Blair, Chen & Henrey [1].

Using a piecewise regression analysis, we find that age-related slowing of within-game, self-initiated response times begins at 24 years of age. Figures Editor: Linda Chao, University of California, San Francisco, United States of America Introduction Figure 1. Method. Your Concentration Training Program: 11 Exercises That Will Strengthen Your Attention. Become the Supreme Commander of Your Mind: How to Effectively Manage Your Attention. Jumpstart Your Journaling: A 31-Day Challenge. Attention, Please! What Every Man Ought to Know About Focus. “Pay attention!” “If you just focused more, you’d be more successful!” We’ve all probably heard these kinds of admonishments from a teacher or a parent. And most of us probably castigate ourselves on a daily basis for our inability to concentrate on the task at hand. It seems in our distracted world of texts, tweets, and news feeds, more and more folks are bemoaning their scattered thinking and have a strong desire to improve their attention span and focus.

Anecdotal evidence bears this out: the number of people searching for “how to focus” has increased dramatically in the past five years, and two of the most popular posts on AoM are about removing web distractions and improving concentration. Many of us want to improve our attention, but we often come up short. When we do fail, the typical response is to redouble our efforts and swear to the gods of attention that we’ll never browse Reddit again.

What’s going on here? In short, attention mastery is attention management. Narrow vs. Improve Concentration: 12 Exercises to Improve Your Concentration. Self-realization and Psychological Disturbances, by Roberto Assagioli. By Roberto Assagioli , Source: Psychosynthesis Research Foundation. Issue No. 10 See all english psychosynthesis articles on Kentaur Training The study of the psychopathological aspects of human nature has contributed a vast mass of observations, theories and techniques for the diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders. It has produced the widespread psychoanalytic movement and other aspects of dynamic psychology which have greatly enlarged and deepened our knowledge of the human psyche. However, this pathological approach has, besides its assets, also a serious liability, and that is an exaggerated emphasis on the morbid manifestations and on the lower aspects of human nature and the consequent unwarranted generalized applications of the many findings of psychopathology to the psychology of normal human beings.

These limitations have been realized in recent times by a growing number of investigators who have started a healthy reaction. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. The International Phonetic Alphabet - Audio Illustrations. Braille Through Remote Learning. Lipreading Practice. Sensing your own body is more complicated than you realize. This really is a lot of fun to play with, too. We'd go blindfolded for a couple of hours (some people for days.) They gained a surety to their movements which was interesting - their proprioception seemed to be more amp'ed out.

Or we play owls and gophers in a noisy (or quiet) environment - a big group is blindfolded, there's a center to the field with a drum that beats once every 15 seconds or so and however many owls inbetween the safe zone and the outside where the gopher's are in a outspread ring. Then the gophers try to get to the safe zone following the beat of the drum - if tapped 3 times by an owl, they are "eaten", or if an owl taps an owl, they have to count to 30 before resuming. Although I'm sure this uses many senses, watching some of of the people react absolutely correctly when it doesn't seem like they should be able to "know" anything about their environment is a gas.

Who Multi-Tasks and Why? Multi-Tasking Ability, Perceived Multi-Tasking Ability, Impulsivity, and Sensation Seeking. The present study examined the relationship between personality and individual differences in multi-tasking ability. Participants enrolled at the University of Utah completed measures of multi-tasking activity, perceived multi-tasking ability, impulsivity, and sensation seeking. In addition, they performed the Operation Span in order to assess their executive control and actual multi-tasking ability. The findings indicate that the persons who are most capable of multi-tasking effectively are not the persons who are most likely to engage in multiple tasks simultaneously. To the contrary, multi-tasking activity as measured by the Media Multitasking Inventory and self-reported cell phone usage while driving were negatively correlated with actual multi-tasking ability.

Figures Citation: Sanbonmatsu DM, Strayer DL, Medeiros-Ward N, Watson JM (2013) Who Multi-Tasks and Why? Editor: Chris Chambers, Cardiff University, United Kingdom Copyright: © 2013 Sanbonmatsu et al. Introduction Methods. The Scientific Power of Thought. A Grammar of Ithkuil, a Constructed Philosophical Language. How Videogames Could Help Train the Next Generation of Robotic Surgeons | Wired Science. Dr. Sami Kilic oversees doctors training to become surgeons at a hospital in Galveston, Texas, and he’s also the parent of a teenage boy. Like many parents, Kilic is concerned about how much time his son spends playing videogames. But now he’s also worried that his resident physicians aren’t playing them enough. According to a study by Kilic and others at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, doling out death in the virtual world of first-person-shooter games might help the next generation of surgeons save lives in the real world.

The study, presented at a meeting of the American Gynecologic Laparoscopists in Las Vegas in November, used simulators to compare the robotic surgery skills of med school residents against college and high school students who spend a lot of their time playing videogames — and the videogamers won. Much like videogames, robotic surgery controls require the use of both hands, and require operators to monitor their activities on a screen. The cerebral cortex of Albert Einstein: a description and preliminary analysis of unpublished photographs. + Author Affiliations Correspondence to: Dean Falk, School for Advanced Research, 660 Garcia Street, Santa Fe, NM 87505, USA E-mail: or Received June 12, 2012.

Revision received August 21, 2012. Accepted August 17, 2012. Upon his death in 1955, Albert Einstein’s brain was removed, fixed and photographed from multiple angles. It was then sectioned into 240 blocks, and histological slides were prepared. Abbreviation BA Brodmann area. 28 Ways to Stop Complicating Your Life. Are Smart People Getting Smarter? | Wired Science. Is Neuroscience the Death of Free Will? Eureka! Neural evidence for sudden insight. Why Too Much Data Disables Your Decision Making. Less Wrong. Study Guides and Strategies. Hacking Knowledge: 77 Ways to Learn Faster, Deeper, and Better. Life Hacks @imageBlog.

120 Ways to Boost Your Brain Power. Personal Development - Freestyle Mind. 30 Habits that Will Change your Life. Litemind. Brain Fitness and Cognitive Health Authority: Market Research and Advisory Services. Recalibrate Your Reality. Unlocking the Science of Habits: How to Hack the Habit Loop & Become the Man You Want to Be. Welcome to Mind Matters Clinics. Harnessing Brain's Plasticity Key to Treating Neurological Damage. Scientific Learning - Fast ForWord Reading Program | Educational Brain Fitness Software. Brain Training Software, Brain Fitness, Brain Games, BrainHQ - Posit Science | Your Brain Health Headquarters.