Assessment for Learning
Collection of articles, background reading and resources for formative assessment / assessment for learning Feb 24
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Formative assessment is a process used by teachers and students during instruction that provides explicit feedback to adjust ongoing teaching and learning to improve students’ achievement of intended instructional outcomes. Formative assessment is a method of continually evaluating students’ academic needs and development within the classroom and precedes local benchmark assessments and state-mandated summative assessments . Teachers who engage in formative assessments give continual, explicit feedback to students and assist them in answering the following questions:
Summative assessments, or high stakes tests and projects, are what the eagle eye of our profession is fixated on right now, so teachers often find themselves in the tough position of racing, racing, racing through curriculum. But what about informal or formative assessments? Are we putting enough effort into these?
Catherine Garrison & Michael Ehringhaus Successful middle schools engage students in all aspects of their learning. There are many strategies for accomplishing this.
"Informative assessment isn't an end in itself, but the beginning of better instruction."
Carol Boston ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation University of Maryland, College Park While many educators are highly focused on state tests, it is important to consider that over the course of a year, teachers can build in many opportunities to assess how students are learning and then use this information to make beneficial changes in instruction.
Black and Wiliam (often mispelled as Black and William, with two 'L's) developed a radical approach to learning, as Charles Dietz reports In 1998 professors Paul Black and Dylan Wiliam of Kings College, London, likened the classroom to a ‘black box’. Government initiatives focused on the box’s input and output, but not what went on inside it.
"If you can both listen to children and accept their answers not as things to just be judged right or wrong but as pieces of information which may reveal what the child is thinking, you will have taken a giant step toward becoming a master teacher, rather than merely a disseminator of information."
December 2007/January 2008 | Volume 65 | Number 4 Informative Assessment Pages 14-19 Recently a school leader asked us to provide an example of a good test item on a formative assessment and then show how that item would be different when used on a summative test. He wanted to explain to his staff the difference between formative and summative assessment.
by John T.
AfL || Sharing Learning Expectations || Questioning || Feedback || Self-Assessment & Peer Assessment