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SAT Prep - SAT Testing. David Bourget & David J. Chalmers, What do philosophers believe? The Universe is Not Eternal, But Had A Beginning. Introduction.

The Universe is Not Eternal, But Had A Beginning

The Many Worlds of Logic - Classic Logical Arguments: The Determinist Argument. © 2011 By Paul Herrick You have a mind and you have a brain.

The Many Worlds of Logic - Classic Logical Arguments: The Determinist Argument

What is the relationship between the mind and the brain? Is the brain one thing while the mind is another thing entirely? Are mind and brain two distinct things? Or are mind and brain one and the same thing? Here is another way to pose these questions: Our thoughts take place within a medium of some sort. Mind-body Dualism The French philosopher Rene Descartes (1596-1650) argued for a view that is known today as “mind-body dualism.” The Tablet - Over the centuries a large number of philosophers and theologians have tried to argue that God's existence is somehow necessary.

The Tablet -

Descartes argued that the mere fact that we can talk about a supremely perfect being implies that that being exists, because perfection and existence somehow go together. Others such as Kant reject this kind of 'ontological' argument on the grounds that 'existence' is not a propoerty of something in the way that, say, redness is. Yet the ontological argument is still explored – partly, some say, more as a meditation than a purely philosophical exercise. Welcome to DOXA. Quantum Physics, Mysticism, Consciousness and God. Does God Exist? Books Does God Exist?

Does God Exist?

: The Debate Between Theists and Atheists by J.P. Moreland & Kai Neilsen, with additional contributions. A review by Sue Johnson. Naturalism: Self-Defeating, Unintelligible, and Ungrounded (Among Other Problems) Naturalism is self-defeating.

Naturalism: Self-Defeating, Unintelligible, and Ungrounded (Among Other Problems)

Naturalism’s “Grand Story” (I’m unsure of who exactly coined this phrase) includes evolution as the means by which humanity arrived on earth. I’m not here to debate that. Rather, I think that Alvin Plantinga’s “Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism” has some fairly hefty weight (see Warrant The Current Debate and Warranted Christian Belief for this argument). The argument basically goes like this: 1) On naturalism, evolution selected for our cognitive system 2) On evolution, it is what is beneficial for survival that is selected (with some exceptions–some animals are just unlucky) 3) Therefore, our cognitive system was selected for survival 4) What is beneficial for survival is not necessarily what is true (in an objective sense) Against Infinite causal regress. The Infinite causal regress is an important issue in dealing with the cosmological argument, especially the Kalam version, and the argument form final cause.

Against Infinite causal regress

It basically means that any infinitely recurring causality for any event is impossible, since one never actually arrives at a cause. How Can We Know Anything About Anything? It is the proclamation of the Gospel, not argumentation, that transforms minds.

How Can We Know Anything About Anything?

See Give Them the Gospel. How do you answer the BIG questions in life: Questions, like How do you know that Bible is accurate? How do you know that God exists? How do you know what is right and what is wrong? Gödel's Incompleteness: The #1 Mathematical Breakthrough of the 20th Century. In 1931, Kurt Gödel delivered a devastating blow to the mathematicians of his time In 1931, the young mathematician Kurt Gödel made a landmark discovery, as powerful as anything Albert Einstein developed.

Gödel's Incompleteness: The #1 Mathematical Breakthrough of the 20th Century

In one salvo, he completely demolished an entire class of scientific theories. Gödel’s discovery not only applies to mathematics but literally all branches of science, logic and human knowledge. It has earth-shattering implications. Oddly, few people know anything about it. Allow me to tell you the story. Mathematicians love proofs. So for example if you studied high school Geometry, you’ve done the exercises where you prove all kinds of things about triangles based on a set of theorems.

That high school geometry book is built on Euclid’s five postulates. Yes, it does seem perfectly “obvious” that a line can be extended infinitely in both directions, but no one has been able to PROVE that. In the early 1900’s, however, a tremendous wave of optimism swept through mathematical circles. Edward Feser: Avicenna’s argument from contingency, Part I.

The medieval Islamic philosopher Ibn Sina or Avicenna (c. 980 - 1037) is one among that myriad of thinkers of genius unjustly neglected by contemporary philosophers.

Edward Feser: Avicenna’s argument from contingency, Part I

Useful recent studies of his thought include the updated edition of Lenn Goodman’s Avicenna and Jon McGinnis’s Avicenna. More recent still is McGinnis’s essay “The Ultimate Why Question: Avicenna on Why God is Absolutely Necessary” in John F. Wippel, ed., The Ultimate Why Question: Why Is There Anything at All Rather than Nothing Whatsoever? CGOB.

Definitions: God: theological definitions defined operationally, that means theology is the field of study for concepts of God.

CGOB

One should use Theological sources to document definitions of God. But just to show atheists how unreasonable they are to disparage theology, I will quote from Webster's online:Webster onlinew.ww.Google.com/Dictionary 1 capitalized : the supreme or ultimate reality: as a : the Being perfect in power, wisdom, and goodness who is worshiped as creator and ruler of the universe b Christian Science : the incorporeal divine Principle ruling over all as eternal Spirit : infinite Mind... Take the first definition, supreme ultimate reality. They define God as the basis of reality or ultimate reality, that's how I define God.Attributes of God:A. European Mathematicians ‘Prove’ the Existence of God. The question of the existence of God has preoccupied philosophers and theologians for dozens of centuries. Suddenly, a few months ago, two European mathematicians, using a computer and the related theorem of the Austrian mathematician Kurt Gödel, managed to mathematically prove the existence of God!

Shortly before his death, the great Austrian mathematician Kurt Gödel published a mathematical proof for the existence of God on which he had been working for 30 years. Tryit Editor v2.5. 13. A Conceptualist Argument for God’s Existence. In his dialogue On Free Choice of the Will (Macmillan, 1964), St. Augustine (354-430 C.E.) argues that our minds can know truths that are eternal. For Augustine, something is eternal if it exists in a timeless, unchanging state. So eternal truths are unchanging and are not in, or influenced by, time. Noticias de las Calles de Puerto rico. Gödel's Incompleteness Theorem and God. Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorem: The #1 Mathematical Discovery of the 20th Century In 1931, Kurt Gödel delivered a devastating blow to the mathematicians of his time In 1931, the young mathematician Kurt Gödel made a landmark discovery, as powerful as anything Albert Einstein developed. Gödel’s discovery not only applied to mathematics but literally all branches of science, logic and human knowledge.

It has truly earth-shattering implications. Oddly, few people know anything about it. Allow me to tell you the story. Mathematicians love proofs. The Many Worlds of Logic - Practice Tests. Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems. 1. Introduction 1.1 Outline Gödel's incompleteness theorems are among the most important results in modern logic. These discoveries revolutionized the understanding of mathematics and logic, and had dramatic implications for the philosophy of mathematics.

There have also been attempts to apply them in other fields of philosophy, but the legitimacy of many such applications is much more controversial. In order to understand Gödel's theorems, one must first explain the key concepts essential to it, such as “formal system”, “consistency”, and “completeness”.