Venetian language. A sign in Venetian reading "Here we also speak Venetian".
Map showing the spreading of Romance languages; Venetian is number 15 Venetian or Venetan (Venetian: vèneto, vènet or łéngua vèneta) is a Romance language spoken as a native language by almost four million people, mostly in the Veneto region of Italy, where most of the five million inhabitants can understand it. It is sometimes spoken and often well understood outside Veneto, in Trentino, Friuli, Venezia Giulia, Istria, and some towns of Dalmatia. Venetian is usually referred to as an Italian dialect although it is a Western Romance language, a different branch of Romance from that of Italian.
Some authors include it among the Gallo-Italic languages, but by most authors, it is treated as separate. Typologically, Venetian has little in common with the Gallo-Italic languages of northwestern Italy, but shows some affinity to nearby Istriot. History Virtually all modern Venetian speakers are diglossic with Italian. Chair - chairs, century, legs, arms, seat, carved and indeed. CHAIR, a movable seat, usually with four legs and for a single person, the most varied and familiar article of domestic furniture.
(In Mid. Eng. cliaere, through O.Fr. chaere or cliaiere, from Lat. cathedra, later caledra, Gr. rca9S3pa seat, cf. "cathe dral" ; the modern Fr. form chaise, a chair, has been adopted in English with a particular meaning as a form of carriage ; chaise in French is still used of a professorial or ecclesiastical "chair," or cathedra.) Grand Canal (Venice) Two gondoliers pull out with clients on board from a row of gondolas on the Grand Canal near the Rialto Bridge.
The Grand Canal viewed from space in 2001 The Grand Canal (Italian: Canal Grande [kaˈnal ˈɡrande], Venetian: Canałasso [kanaˈɰaso]) is a canal in Venice, Italy. It forms one of the major water-traffic corridors in the city. Public transport is provided by water buses (Italian: vaporetti) and private water taxis, and many tourists explore the canal by gondola. Marco I Sanudo. Marco Sanudo (c. 1153 – between 1220 and 1230, most probably 1227) was the creator and first Duke of the Duchy of the Archipelago, after the Fourth Crusade.
Maternal nephew of Venetian doge Enrico Dandolo, he was a participant in the Fourth Crusade (1204). He was part of the negotiations when the Republic of Venice bought the island of Crete from Boniface of Montferrat. He became Vassal of the Latin Emperor Henry of Flanders around 1210 or 1216. For his lord, he fought against the Empire of Nicaea. Geoffrey of Villehardouin. Geoffrey of Villehardouin (in French: Geoffroi de Villehardouin) (1160–c. 1212) was a knight and historian who participated in and chronicled the Fourth Crusade.
He is considered one of the most important historians of the time period, best known for writing the eyewitness account De la Conquête de Constantinople (On the Conquest of Constantinople), about the battle for Constantinople between the Christians of the West and the Christians of the East on 13 April 1204. The Conquest is the earliest French historical prose narrative that has survived to modern times. HISTORY OF VENICE. How were Swords really made? Medieval_animal_trials_why_they_re_not_quite_as_crazy_as_they_sound.2.
Illustration by Robert Neubecker In the fall of 1457, villagers in Savigny, France witnessed a sow and six piglets attack and kill a 5-year-old boy.
Today, the animals would be summarily killed. But errant 15th-century French pigs went to court. And it wasn’t for a show trial—this was the real deal, equipped with a judge, two prosecutors, eight witnesses, and a defense attorney for the accused swine. Witness testimony proved beyond reasonable doubt that the sow had killed the child. Such a case might seem bizarre to modern observers, but animal trials were commonplace public events in medieval and early modern Europe. Scholars who have explored animals on trial generally avoid addressing this mentality. While these explanations go partway toward elucidating animal trials, none of them fully clarify the practice. Judges routinely considered animals’ personal circumstances before making a legal decision. Intentions mattered as well. Perotin: Alleluia Nativitas gloriose virginis. Things to Note Perotin uses the chant Alleluia Nativitas, (score),(mp3) as a basis for the two organal voices.
The need to coordinate more than two lines of music posed a particular problem for the composers and consequently a system of rhythmic notation was devised. Perotin uses different types of organum in this work, fluid music in the two upper voices over a long held note (a drone of sorts); similar music with more change in the chant line (discant: see ex semine at 6:00) as well as plainchant itself. The more syllabic sections of the chant are set with the longer held notes and the sections of the chant that are more florid are set with discant. Listening Chart Perotin: Alleluia Nativitas gloriose virginis (circa. 1200) Analyse de document - Le carnet de Villard de Honnecourt - La ville au 13e siècle. Online Etymology Dictionary. "rope that controls a sail," late 13c., shortened from Old English sceatline "sheet-line," from sceata "lower part of sail," originally "piece of cloth," from same root as sheet (n.1).
Compare Old Norse skaut, Dutch schoot, German Schote "rope fastened to a sail. " This probably is the notion in phrase three sheets to the wind "drunk and disorganized," first recorded 1812 (in form three sheets in the wind), an image of a sloop-rigged sailboat whose three sheets have slipped through the blocks are lost to the wind, thus "out of control. " Apparently there was an early 19c. informal drunkenness scale in use among sailors and involving one, two, and three sheets, three signifying the highest degree of inebriation; there is a two sheets in the wind from 1813.
History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach - Gayle Kassing - Google Books. Notes on Medieval Life. Undefined copyright 1996 by Lady Melisande of Hali In our egalitarian democratic society, it is sometimes difficult to realize, let alone remember, how much time and effort used to be spent creating and maintaining class distinctions.
Clothing, behavior, even language, were rigged so that the lower classes could not masquerade as their betters. Dragging Gowns Female medieval dress was especially geared so that a woman who was not used to the behavior of the clothing would either injure herself, or behave in a manner not considered ladylike. Notes on Medieval Life.
Www-bsg.univ-paris1. La Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève doit son nom et tient ses collections d’une des plus importantes et des plus anciennes abbayes parisiennes.
Fondée au VIe siècle par Clovis et soumise à la règle de saint Benoît, l’abbaye, d’abord consacrée aux apôtres Pierre et Paul, accueillit en 512 le corps de la patronne de Paris. Elle fut à plusieurs reprises pillée par les Normands aux IXe et Xe siècles. Wormwood Benefits & Information. Chances are, many readers know that wormwood is the key ingredient in the famous European beverage absinthe. Almost as many know little else about this fascinating and beneficial herb.
Wormwood belongs to the genus Artemisia, named for the goddess Artemis. Amalrician. The Amalricians were a pantheist, free love movement named after Amalric of Bena. The beliefs are thought to have influenced the Brethren of the Free Spirit. The beginnings of medieval pantheistic Christian theology lie in the early 13th century, with theologians at Paris, such as David of Dinant, Amalric of Bena, and Ortlieb of Strassburg, and was later mixed with the millenarist theories of Gioacchino da Fiore.
Fourteen followers of Amalric began to preach that "all things are One, because whatever is, is God. " The Canterbury Tales: Character Profiles. Average Overall Rating: 4.5 Total Votes: 1424 The Host or "Harry Bailly": The proprietor of the Tabard Inn where the pilgrims to Canterbury stay before beginning their journey. He accompanies the pilgrims on their journey. It is the Host who devised the scheme of the tales, proposing that each tell two tales on the way to Canterbury, and he frequently mediates arguments between pilgrims and suggests who shall tell the next story.
He has a bit of a class complex, and can be seen regularly toadying up to the upper-class and higher-status characters. The Knight. Les personnages des croisades. Première Deuxième Troisième Quatrième Cinquième Sixième Septième Huitième Neuvième Versailles Grand Pilier Croisés de france. Boniface de Montferrat. Al-Adel. Amalric of Bena. Amalric of Bena (French: Amaury de Bène, Amaury de Chartres; Latin: Almaricus, Amalricus, Amauricus; died c. 1204-1207 AD) was a French theologian and sect leader, after whom the Amalricians are named.
Biography Amalric was born in the latter part of the 12th century at Bennes, a village between Ollé and Chauffours in the diocese of Chartres. Amalric taught philosophy and theology at the University of Paris and enjoyed a great reputation as a subtle dialectician; his lectures developing the philosophy of Aristotle attracted a large circle of hearers. In 1204 his doctrines were condemned by the university, and, on a personal appeal to Pope Innocent III, the sentence was ratified, Amalric being ordered to return to Paris and recant his errors. His death was caused, it is said, by grief at the humiliation to which he had been subjected. Propositions Three propositions only can with certainty be attributed to him: Peter Waldo. Peter Waldo, Valdo, Valdes, or Waldes (c. 1140 – c. 1205), also Pierre Vaudès or de Vaux, is credited as the founder of the Waldensians, a Christian spiritual movement of the Middle Ages, descendants of which still exist in various regions of southern Europe.
Life and work Specific details of his life are largely unknown. Extant sources relate that he was a wealthy clothier and merchant from Lyons and a man of some learning. Enrico Dandolo. Blindness It is not known for certain when and how Dandolo became blind. The story passed around after the Fourth Crusade was that he had been blinded by the Byzantines during the 1171 expedition to Byzantium (see Vital II Michele). Supposedly, Emperor Manuel Comnenus "ordered his eyes to be blinded with glass; and his eyes were uninjured, but he saw nothing". However, this explanation is certainly false, as Dandolo continued to conduct business and sign documents well after 1171. In Venice it was illegal for a blind person to sign a document, since he/she could not read. Dandolo's blindness appears to have been total. History of Britain and Ireland - Google Books. Grand Strategy: The View from Oregon.
Friday. The Merveilleux in Chrétien de Troyes' Romances - Lucienne Carasso-Bulow - Google Books. École de Notre-Dame de Paris (musique) Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Internet History Sourcebooks Project. Complete texts and noted from Dana C. Munro, "The Fourth Crusade ", Translations and Reprints from the Original Sources of European History, Vol 3:1, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, [n.d.] 189?) Medieval philosophy.
Medieval philosophy is the philosophy in the era now known as medieval or the Middle Ages, the period roughly extending from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century C.E. to the Renaissance in the 16th century. Writing. On This Page:Weskit Inkwell Traveling Inkwell Porte-Crayons Pencil Leads Ca. 1600 Portable Inkwell Surveyor's Inkwell Portable Sander Document Case Sander Pounce Ivory Notebook Ivory Notebook with Hanging Loop Miniature Ivory NotebookBrass Desk Set Horn Book Pencil Nail Brass Capstain Inkwell Quills 13th -14th C. Paperclip1709 PaperclipChatelaine PencilCone BottleTube Bottle Click To Send Us An Email. Chateau Gaillard le chateau fort de Richard Coeur de Lion Les Andelys France. Article: Nun, Widow, Wife, and More!: Career Options for Medieval Women, by Rachel Hartman. Medicine in the Middle Ages - History Learning Site. A Clerk of Oxford: Medieval Terms of Endearment. Paris 1150. A time traveller’s guide to medieval 14th-century shopping.
Prévôt de Paris. Enceinte de Philippe Auguste. The Smell of the Middle Ages by Jacquelyn Hodson. Scents of the Middle Ages. Middle Ages/Renaissance. Les proverbes du XIIIe siècle. Fondation Sorbonne au Moyen Age - Robert de Sorbon. Etudier et vivre à Paris au moyen âge: le Collège de Laon, XIVe-XVe siècles - Cécile Fabris - Google Books. Medieval food. Hærræ Salsæ - Medieval Cuisine. Les personnages des croisades. Mirrors and History of Mirrors. Delhi Sultanate. Mark Lord's – Historical Fiction, Fantasy and Science Fiction. University of Paris. Liberty - Medieval Conceptions - Individual, Liberties, Individuals, and Law. Chronique latine de Guillaume de Nangis de 1113 à 1300: avec les ... - Guillaume de Nangis, Jean Fillon Venette (called de) - Google Books. 1204. 1er janvier ou 6 avril 1203 - octobre 1203. XIII. — Actes concernant Saint-Martin-des-Champs sous le règne de Philippe-Auguste (1180-1223). Tome 3. Saint-Martin-des-Champs. Joseph Depoin, Recueil des chartes et documents de l’abbaye de Saint-Martin des Ch.
Paris, capitale de la déviance ecclésiastique au siècle des Lumières. Superstitions et croyances - Les animaux - Mythes et légende - animal chien chat cheval corneille. Medieval cuisine. Sumptuary law. Le Dit des rues de Paris. Visite guidée : Paris 1200, l' enceinte de Philippe Auguste, le grand tour par Emmanuel Fontaine - Métro Pont Neuf. Rue de la Ferronnerie. Rue Quincampoix, à Paris. Rouse_map2.jpg (JPEG Image, 1416 × 983 pixels) - Scaled (72%) Lectures in Medieval History. Wall of Philip II Augustus.
Rue Saint-Jacques (Paris) Rue Chanoinesse. Histoires des métiers au XIIIe siècle - Histoires de Paris. Les métiers du Moyen Âge (2/2) Métiers du Moyen Âge. Pope Joan. Medieval Love Songs. Christine de Pisan. Guiot de Dijon. Guiot de Dijon. Chanterai: Music of Medieval France - Sonus. Medieval Prayers. Medieval_Nuns_Lesson.pdf. Medieval%20Money.pdf. Horses in the Middle Ages.
Persée : Portail de revues en sciences humaines et sociales. Une Bible enluminée du 13ème siècle. Radegund. Église Sainte-Radegonde de Giverny. Château des Tourelles. Paris in the Middle Ages. Devil Worship in the Middle Ages. WHOLE_THESIS_blood_beliefs_early_modern_europe__francesca_matteoni.pdf. Canterburytalesspring2013 [licensed for non-commercial use only] / Home. Map of Paris Circa 1180. How to throw a medieval pot - English Heritage. Abbaye. Abbaye Notre-Dame de Fontaine-Guérard. Quelques prénoms féminins du Moyen Age - Les Prénoms Médiévaux. Rosalie's Medieval Woman - Births. Cistercians. Daily Life of a Nun in the Middle Ages. Livre tournois.