Scientific observations were made over the asteroid Itokawa from mid-September through end-November 2005. Four observation instruments from altitudes of 20km to 3km observed Itokawa’s shape, terrain, surface altitude distribution, reflectance (spectrum), mineral composition, gravity, major element composition, etc. The observations provided us with much new information to study the asteroid formation process. By revealing the detailed figure of the most common small asteroid, we acquired important guidelines for future explorations of all types of asteroids.
25143 Itokawa ( pron.: / ˌ iː t oʊ ˈ k ɑː w ə / ; Japanese : イトカワ [itokawa] ) is an Apollo and Mars-crosser asteroid . It was the first asteroid to be the target of a sample return mission , the Japanese space probe Hayabusa . [ edit ] Discovery and naming The asteroid was discovered in 1998 by the LINEAR project and was given the provisional designation 1998 SF 36 . In August 2003, [ 4 ] it was officially named after Hideo Itokawa , a Japanese rocket scientist.
Hayabusa ( はやぶさ ? , literally " Peregrine Falcon ") was an unmanned spacecraft developed by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) to return a sample of material from a small near-Earth asteroid named 25143 Itokawa to Earth for further analysis. Hayabusa , formerly known as MUSES-C for Mu Space Engineering Spacecraft C , was launched on 9 May 2003 and rendezvoused with Itokawa in mid-September 2005. After arriving at Itokawa, Hayabusa studied the asteroid's shape, spin, topography, colour, composition, density, and history. In November 2005, it landed on the asteroid and collected samples in the form of tiny grains of asteroidal material, which were returned to Earth aboard the spacecraft on 13 June 2010. The spacecraft also carried a detachable minilander, MINERVA , which failed to reach the surface.
Japanese Hayabusa asteroid mission comes home BBC News - A capsule thought to contain the first samples grabbed from the surface of an asteroid has returned to Earth. The Japanese Hayabusa container hit the top of the atmosphere just after 1350 GMT, producing a bright fireball over southern Australia. Scientists are now searching the landing zone in the Woomera Prohibited Range to try to locate the capsule. It had a shield to cope with the heat of re-entry and a parachute for the final drop to the ground. "We just had a spectacular display out over the Outback skies of South Australia," said Professor Trevor Ireland, from the Australian National University, who will get to work on the samples
Want to stay on top of all the space news? Follow @universetoday on Twitter The composite image from 11 images, each with 5 sec exposure, spaced by 35-50 sec. The magnitude of Hayabusa is estimated to be 21 mag. Credit: Subaru Telescope Team The world watched and waited for the Hayabusa spacecraft to make its return to Earth on June 13, 2010 and the people of Japan — who built and launched the little spacecraft that could (and did!)
When news breaks in the world of astronomy, we try to get word of that to you here as quickly as possible. Our motto has been: “If it’s a big story in astronomy, you should be able to find out about it here.” A protrayal of Hayabusa's long-awaited return to Earth on June 13th, just after release of its descent capsule. NASA / JPL / C.
A Japanese space capsule perhaps carrying the first ever sample from an asteroid is on track for a Sunday parachute landing in South Australia. The Hayabusa spacecraft is on-target, nearing completion of a seven year round-trip sojourn to asteroid Itokawa - a $200 million technology demonstration mission undertaken by the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Ground teams in Australia are in final preparation, gearing up for the Hayabusa return, said Paul Abell, a planetary scientist from NASA?
HAYABUSA’s mission: to bring back samples from an asteroid and investigate the mysteries of the birth of the solar system. HAYABUSA (MUSES-C) has been developed to investigate asteroids. HAYABUSA explored an asteroid named "Itokawa," after the late Dr.
NASA Helps in Upcoming Asteroid Mission Homecoming The space and astronomy worlds have June 13 circled on the calendar. That's when the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) expects the sample return capsule of the agency's technology demonstrator spacecraft, Hayabusa, to boomerang back to Earth. The capsule, along with its mother ship, visited a near-Earth asteroid, Itokawa, five years ago and has logged about 2 billion kilometers (1.25 billion miles) since its launch in May 2003. With the return of the Hayabusa capsule, targeted for June 13 at Australia's remote Woomera Test Range in South Australia, JAXA will have concluded a remarkable mission of exploration -- one in which NASA scientists and engineers are playing a contributing role.
Hayabusa Phase: Past Launch Date: May 09, 2003 Mission Project Home Page - http://www.isas.jaxa.jp/e/enterp/missions/hayabusa/index.shtml The primary scientific objective of the Hayabusa (formerly Muses-C) mission was to collect a surface sample of material from the small (550 x 180 meter) asteroid 25143 Itokawa (1998 SF36) and return the sample to Earth for analysis. It was also a technology demonstration mission.
Want to stay on top of all the space news? Follow @universetoday on Twitter Hayabusa's sample return cannister and parachute on the ground in the Australian outback. Credit: JAXA
Japan launched the Hayabusa (Japanese for peregrine falcon) probe back in 2003, aimed at a small near-earth asteroid named Itokawa. The probe was designed to land on Itokawa, a mile-long bean-shaped asteroid, gather samples, and return home, which it did, this past weekend . That image above is of the probe burning up in our atmosphere–don’t worry, that was part of the plan. The fireworks-like display was the finale to a seven-year journey.
Hayabusa falls to Earth, panels from probably the most poignant cartoon about a space-probe since XKCD's spirit cartoon . Hayabusa , the little spacecraft that could , returned to earth on Sunday June 13. I've been following Hayabusa for some time, so it was a bit disappointing I forgot about its re-entry, but we were off bushwalking so I was distracted. The spacecraft itself was destroyed in the re-entry (and captured in the spectacular video below), but the asteroid sample return capsule was successfully retrieved and appears to be intact. Whether there is any asteroidal material in the sampler is unknown, the projectile that was supposed to kick up material to be sampled didn't work, but asteroids are fairly dusty things, and the simple impact of the sampler tube make have captured some material.
By Jack Phillips Epoch Times Staff Created: June 14, 2010 Last Updated: June 15, 2010 This picture shows the asteroid Itokawa and its surface (R)JAXA/AFP/Getty Images (JAXA/AFP/Getty Images) The Japanese space probe Hayabusa re-entered the Earth's atmosphere and crashed in Woomera, in Australia's outback on Sunday. Hayabusa was launched back in 2003 by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency and traveled 3.1 million miles to collect asteroid samples from “a near-Earth asteroid” called Itokawa, NASA said. NASA said that the entry of the probe back into the atmosphere created a massive fireball across the Australian sky, eventually crashing into the South Australian outback of the Woomera Prohibited Area, a military territory.