Scientific observations were made over the asteroid Itokawa from mid-September through end-November 2005. Four observation instruments from altitudes of 20km to 3km observed Itokawa’s shape, terrain, surface altitude distribution, reflectance (spectrum), mineral composition, gravity, major element composition, etc. The observations provided us with much new information to study the asteroid formation process. By revealing the detailed figure of the most common small asteroid, we acquired important guidelines for future explorations of all types of asteroids. ISAS | Asteroid Exploration HAYABUSA (MUSES-C) / Missions
25143 Itokawa Discovery and naming The asteroid was discovered in 1998 by the LINEAR project and was given the provisional designation 1998 SF36. In August 2003, it was officially named after Hideo Itokawa, a Japanese rocket scientist. Description Itokawa orbit
Hayabusa Hayabusa (はやぶさ?, literally "Peregrine Falcon") was an unmanned spacecraft developed by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) to return a sample of material from a small near-Earth asteroid named 25143 Itokawa to Earth for further analysis. The spacecraft also carried a detachable minilander, MINERVA, which failed to reach the surface. Mission firsts In addition, Hayabusa was the first spacecraft designed to deliberately land on an asteroid and then take off again (NEAR Shoemaker made a controlled descent to the surface of 433 Eros in 2000, but it was not designed as a lander and was eventually deactivated after it arrived). Technically, Hayabusa was not designed to "land"; it simply touches the surface with its sample capturing device and then moves away.
How mission Worked
The Great Challenges of "HAYABUSA" - World's first asteroid samp
Japanese Hayabusa asteroid mission comes home BBC News- A capsule thought to contain the first samples grabbed from the surface of an asteroid has returned to Earth. The Japanese Hayabusa container hit the top of the atmosphere just after 1350 GMT, producing a bright fireball over southern Australia. Scientists are now searching the landing zone in the Woomera Prohibited Range to try to locate the capsule. It had a shield to cope with the heat of re-entry and a parachute for the final drop to the ground. "We just had a spectacular display out over the Outback skies of South Australia," said Professor Trevor Ireland, from the Australian National University, who will get to work on the samples Japanese Hayabusa Asteroid Mission Back On Earth
Time Lapse Want to stay on top of all the space news? Follow @universetoday on Twitter The composite image from 11 images, each with 5 sec exposure, spaced by 35-50 sec. The magnitude of Hayabusa is estimated to be 21 mag. Credit: Subaru Telescope Team The world watched and waited for the Hayabusa spacecraft to make its return to Earth on June 13, 2010 and the people of Japan — who built and launched the little spacecraft that could (and did!)
A sequence of images (screen grabs from the live coverage of the mission) showing the Hayabusa fireball as the spacecraft re-entered the atmosphere over Australia (JAXA/Ian O’Neill). UPDATE (10:00 a.m. EST): As expected, the Hayabusa mission has come to an end in the Australian skies. Just after 9:51 a.m. EST (11:21 p.m. local time), a bright fireball lit up the Australian Outback as the main body of the Hayabusa spacecraft re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere, burning up. The search is now on for the sample return capsule that should have opened its parachute, floating back to Earth. Hayabusa Fireball
Sequence of images showing #Hayabusa re-entry over Australia ...
Drilling an Asteroid. Hayabusa Mission Video « Astronomy Article
Mission statement: A mission to help evaluate the performance of thermal protection systems of atmospheric entry vehicles returning to Earth at superorbital velocities. 50th AIAA AEROSPACE SCIENCES MEETING (2012 January 9-12) The 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit in Nashville, Tennessee on January 9-12, 2012, will feature a special session on the results from the Hayabusa Entry Observing Camapign. Early bird Registration deadline is December 12. Registration fee is $730.- before this date, $930.- at the meeting (AIAA member). The conference papers need to be uploaded by December 20. Hayabusa Sample Return Capsule Entry - Airborne Observing Campai
When news breaks in the world of astronomy, we try to get word of that to you here as quickly as possible. Our motto has been: “If it’s a big story in astronomy, you should be able to find out about it here.” For example, in the past year you’ve read here about the heroic effort to get the Japanese spacecraft Hayabusa ("Falcon") back to Earth. Before, during, and after its brief touchdown on asteroid 25143 Itokawa in November 2005, the craft suffered several crippling malfunctions — solar-cell panels damaged by a powerful flare, complete failure of its stabilization system, an internal fuel leak, loss of thruster rockets and three of its four ion-drive engines, partial battery failure — any of which might have doomed the mission. Yet somehow the mission’s engineers have coaxed Hayabusa back to Earth’s doorstep, albeit two years later than planned. Hayabusa's Return
Chunk of Asteroid, Returns to Earth A Japanese space capsule perhaps carrying the first ever sample from an asteroid is on track for a Sunday parachute landing in South Australia. The Hayabusa spacecraft is on-target, nearing completion of a seven year round-trip sojourn to asteroid Itokawa - a $200 million technology demonstration mission undertaken by the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Ground teams in Australia are in final preparation, gearing up for the Hayabusa return, said Paul Abell, a planetary scientist from NASA?
Asteroid Explorer "HAYABUSA" (MUSES-C) June 26, 2013 Updated Particles captured on asteroid Itokawa on exhibition. JAXA is exhibiting particles brought back to the Earth by the asteroid explorer “Hayabusa,” which returned in June 2010, at the National Museum of Nature and Science and at the Sagamihara City Museum thanks to their cooperation.
NASA Helps in Upcoming Asteroid Mission Homecoming The space and astronomy worlds have June 13 circled on the calendar. That's when the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) expects the sample return capsule of the agency's technology demonstrator spacecraft, Hayabusa, to boomerang back to Earth. The capsule, along with its mother ship, visited a near-Earth asteroid, Itokawa, five years ago and has logged about 2 billion kilometers (1.25 billion miles) since its launch in May 2003. With the return of the Hayabusa capsule, targeted for June 13 at Australia's remote Woomera Test Range in South Australia, JAXA will have concluded a remarkable mission of exploration -- one in which NASA scientists and engineers are playing a contributing role. NASA Helps Asteroid Mission
Hayabusa NASA Hayabusa Phase: Past Launch Date: May 09, 2003 Mission Project Home Page - http://www.isas.jaxa.jp/e/enterp/missions/hayabusa/index.shtml The primary scientific objective of the Hayabusa (formerly Muses-C) mission was to collect a surface sample of material from the small (550 x 180 meter) asteroid 25143 Itokawa (1998 SF36) and return the sample to Earth for analysis. It was also a technology demonstration mission.
Want to stay on top of all the space news? Follow @universetoday on Twitter Hayabusa's sample return cannister and parachute on the ground in the Australian outback. Credit: JAXA Hayabusa Sample Return Capsule Retrieved | Universe Today
Hayabusa falls to Earth, panels from probably the most poignant cartoon about a space-probe since XKCD's spirit cartoon. Hayabusa, the little spacecraft that could, returned to earth on Sunday June 13. I've been following Hayabusa for some time, so it was a bit disappointing I forgot about its re-entry, but we were off bushwalking so I was distracted. The spacecraft itself was destroyed in the re-entry (and captured in the spectacular video below), but the asteroid sample return capsule was successfully retrieved and appears to be intact. Whether there is any asteroidal material in the sampler is unknown, the projectile that was supposed to kick up material to be sampled didn't work, but asteroids are fairly dusty things, and the simple impact of the sampler tube make have captured some material. Hayabusa Falls to Earth
Epoch Times - Japanese Asteroid Probe Hayabusa Crash Lands on Ea
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After visiting asteroid, Hayabusa space capsule returns to Japan
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