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KS3 Bitesize History - The triangular slave trade : Revision, Page 2. Slavery in the United States. The slave market in Atlanta, Georgia, 1864 (Library of Congress) When the North American continent was first colonized by Europeans, the land was vast, the work was harsh, and there was a severe shortage of labor. Men and women were needed to work the land. White bond servants, paying their passage across the ocean from Europe through indentured labor, eased but did not solve the problem.

Early in the seventeenth century, a Dutch ship loaded with African slaves introduced a solution—and a new problem—to the New World. Slaves were most economical on large farms where labor-intensive cash crops, such as tobacco, could be grown. By the end of the American Revolution, slavery had proven unprofitable in the North and was dying out. Even in the South the institution was becoming less useful to farmers as tobacco prices fluctuated and began to drop. Cotton replaced tobacco as the South’s main cash crop and slavery became profitable again.

Slaves work in Sea Islands, South Carolina. Facts about the Slave Trade and Slavery. 10 Horrifying Examples Of Modern-Day Child Slavery. Crime Childhood is defined by culturally set boundaries which have changed throughout human history. The acceptable age to work varies depending on the culture, but child slavery is unanimously the worst form of child labor that exists and is unacceptable at any age in any country. There are millions of children trafficked around the world and forced into lives of depravity and despair. Here are 10 of the worst kinds of modern child slavery. 10 Dancing Boys Of Afghanistan In war-torn Afghanistan, an ancient practice called Bacha Bazi has been revived in which young boys are taught to dance and sold to wealthy men. Impoverished boys who have no fathers or live on the streets are particularly at risk. Bacha Bazi was thought to be a practice that occurred in the north of Afghanistan, but an internal investigation for UNICEF found evidence of it in the south and even in Kabul. 9 Forced Beggars Of Senegal Not all children who beg on the streets are homeless. 8 Shrine Slavery In West Africa.

Child Slavery. Despite the fact that many people believe that slavery no longer exists, the International Labour Organization (ILO) estimated that there are some 5.5 million children in slavery or practices similar to slavery. They are all in child slavery, as defined by the 1956 UN Supplementary Slavery Convention. In these cases, as well as being in a hazardous situation, there is an intention to exploit these children for someone else’s gain. This group of children includes: Children who are used by others who profit from them, often through violence, abuse and threats, in prostitution or pornography, illicit activities, such as forced begging, petty theft, and the drug trade;Forced child labour, for example in agriculture, factories, construction, brick kilns, mines, bars, restaurants or tourists environment;Children who are forced to take part in armed conflict.

They don't only include child soldiers but also porters or girls taken as “wives” for soldiers and militia members. Child work Child labour. African Slave Trade - Africa for Kids. Over a period of about 400 years, about 10-15 million African people were kidnapped and sold into slavery. These people were packed onto to crowded ships, and brought to the New World, the Americans, as a source of free labor. People were traded for goods. The slave trade was profitable and cruel. People would return from working in the fields or from hunting, and find their families missing.

In some cases, entire villages were captured by the slave traders and loaded onto ships. Some kingdoms, like Benin, refused to participate in the slave trade. Many people died on the trip to the New World. After the Civil War, it was illegal to buy slaves. Growing Up in Slavery | Underground Railroad Student Activity. Slave Owners Nowadays when I hear folks growling and grumbling about not having this and that I just think what would they done if they be brought up on the Moore plantation.

The Moore plantation belong to Master Jim Moore, in Moore, South Carolina. The Moores had own the same plantation and the same [slaves] and their children for years back. When Master Jim’s pappy die he leave the whole thing to Master Jim, if he take care of his mammy. [Master Jim’s mammy] sure was a rip-jack. She say [slaves] didn’t need nothing to eat. They just like animals, not like other folks. Master Jim’s wife was Mary Anderson. The Plantation Master Jim own the biggest plantation in the whole country.

The quarters just long row of cabins daubed with dirt. Family and Work My granny she cook for us children while our mammy away in the field. My mammy she work in the field all day and piece and quilt all night. I never see how my mammy stand such hard work. My pappy he was a blacksmith. Keeping Control of Slaves. Slavery in America. Slavery in America Slavery in America began in 1607 and continued until 1865. These links tell you more about this controversial but, for a long time, legal practice. Slavery It's hard to imagine that people did these things to each other, but different times allowed different ideals. Your About Guide to African-American History reveals the terrible tragedy of slavery.

Foes of Slavery These African-Americans are famous for fighting against slavery. Remembering Slavery: Those Who Survived Tell Their Stories Read about slavery in the words of the people who lived it and lived to tell about it. Black Resistance: Slavery in the U.S. Thomas Paine Speaks Out Against Slavery This article was published in newspapers in 1775. The Underground Railroad Links, articles, pictures, stories, primary sources, and much more about this "route to freedom" followed by a great many slaves The Thirteenth Amendment The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery. Graphics courtesy of ArtToday. History of Slavery in the United States including slave codes, abolitionism, free states vs. slave states, the Underground Railroad, Emancipation Proclamation, and the 13th amendment.

James Hopkinsons Plantation Slaves Planting Sweet Potatoesby Henry P. Moore When did slavery begin in the Americas? The first slaves in the American colonies arrived on a Dutch ship in Jamestown, Virginia in 1619. Over the next 200 years, around 600,000 more slaves were brought to the American colonies, most of them to work the tobacco and cotton fields. Where did the slaves come from? Slaves were brought over from the continent of Africa. Most of them came from the west coast of Africa where the main ports for the slave trade existed. Slave Codes The colonies established laws regarding slaves called slave codes. Abolitionism After the American Revolution, many northern states outlawed slavery. Slave States and Free States The United States became divided between slave states in the south and free states to the north. Underground Railroad Slaves escaped from the South to the North by using the Underground Railroad.

Civil War Emancipation Proclamation The 13th Amendment. History of Slavery for Kids! Egyptian beating a slave All ancient and medieval cultures had slaves, though some had more slaves than others. A slave is someone who is the property of somebody else, according to the laws of the place they live in. If you're a slave you can be sold to somebody else, or forced to work without being paid at any kind of work your owner wants. Basically you can be treated like a horse or a cow.

Usually people who own slaves do take pretty good care of them, just like people usually take good care of a cow, because it is worth a lot of money. But some people don't. Some slaves certainly were beaten and starved. From the Stone Age down into the Middle Ages, the color of your skin was not what made you a slave. The Greek philosopher Solon said that nobody should say he had a happy life until he was dead, because anybody who was free might later happen to become a slave, and anybody who was a slave might later become free.

African-American Slavery after 1500. Slave fort (modern Ghana) Although other people, both white and Native American, have been held as slaves in North America, the experience of the African people who were forced to come to North America as slaves was more unusual, because more than half of the people living in slave states were slaves. Most of the people who became slaves in North America were from West Africa. You would be living in a village when outsiders attacked and captured you, and then they would sell you to somebody else, who sold you to somebody else, and in the end somebody would sell you to a white man who would keep you in a slave fort on the coast of Africa. Half of the people captured with you died of hunger or sickness, while you were walking to the coast.

Soon men with guns would force you to get on a ship, and they would take you to North America. Selling people to be slaves Learn by Doing - Slavery Project. History of Slavery in the United States including slave codes, abolitionism, free states vs. slave states, the Underground Railroad, Emancipation Proclamation, and the 13th amendment. Biography for Kids: Ida B. Wells. History >> Biography >> Civil Rights for Kids Occupation: Journalist, civil rights and women's activist Born: July 16, 1862 in Holly Springs, Mississippi Died: March 25, 1931 in Chicago, Illinois Best known for: Leading a campaign against lynching Biography: Where did Ida B. Wells grow up? Ida B. Wells was born into slavery in Holly Springs, Mississippi on July 16, 1862.

Shortly after Ida was born, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Becoming a Teacher When Ida was sixteen years old both of her parents died from Yellow Fever. Seat on the Train One day Ida was taking a train ride. The Free Speech Ida began to write articles about the racial injustices of the South. Lynching In 1892, one of Ida's friends, Tom Moss, was arrested for murdering a white man. Ida wrote about the lynching in her paper. Civil Rights Activist Over time, Ida became famous through her writings about racial issues. Legacy Interesting Facts about Ida B.

To learn more about Civil Rights: Harriet Tubman for Kids. Biography Harriet Tubmanby H. Seymour Squyer Occupation: Nurse, Civil Rights Activist Born: 1820 in Dorchester County, Maryland Died: March 10, 1913 in Auburn, New York Best known as: A leader in the Underground RailroadBiography: Where did Harriet Tubman grow up? Harriet Tubman was born a slave on a plantation in Maryland. Historians think she was born in 1820, or possibly 1821, but birth records weren't kept by most slave owners. Her birth name was Araminta Ross, but she took the name of her mother, Harriet, when she was thirteen. Life as a Slave Life as a slave was difficult.

Later Harriet worked a number of jobs on the plantation such as plowing fields and loading produce into wagons. At the age of thirteen Harriet received a horrible head injury. The Underground Railroad During this time there were states in the northern United States where slavery was outlawed. Harriet Escapes In 1849 Harriet decided to escape. Leading Others to Freedom In 1850 the Fugitive Slave Act was passed.

Biography for Kids: Sojourner Truth. History >> Biography >> Civil Rights for Kids Occupation: Abolitionist and author Born: c. 1797 in Swartekill, New York Died: November 26, 1883 in Battle Creek, Michigan Best known for: Former slave who became an abolitionist and women's rights activist Biography: Where did Sojourner Truth grow up? Sojourner Truth was born around 1797 on a farm in Swartekill, New York. Her birth name was Isabella Baumfree and she was born a slave. Life as a Slave When Sojourner turned nine, it was her turn to be sold.

Sojourner was smart, however, and soon learned English just by listening to others talk. Marriage and Children When Sojourner became a woman she fell in love with a slave named Robert from a nearby farm. Sojourner had five children, but one died shortly after birth. Escape Around 1825, Dumont told Sojourner that he was going to free her in a year because she was such a good worker.

When the year was up, Dumont changed his mind. Saving Her Son Although Sojourner was free, her children were not. Kid's Biography: Martin Luther King, Jr. History >> Biography >> Civil Rights for Kids Martin Luther King at the March on Washingtonby Unknown Occupation: Civil Rights Leader Born: January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, GA Died: April 4, 1968 in Memphis, TN Best known for: Advancing the Civil Rights Movement and his "I Have a Dream" speechBiography: Martin Luther King, Jr. was a civil rights activist in the 1950s and 1960s.

He led non-violent protests to fight for the rights of all people including African Americans. He hoped that America and the world could become a colorblind society where race would not impact a person's civil rights. He is considered one of the great orators of modern times, and his speeches still inspire many to this day. Where did Martin grow up? Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in Atlanta, GA on January 15, 1929. Martin's dad was a preacher which inspired Martin to pursue the ministry.

How did he get involved in civil rights? When did King give his famous "I Have a Dream" speech? How did he die? Martin Luther King Jr. Biography for Kids: Frederick Douglass. History >> Biography >> Civil Rights for Kids Occupation: Abolitionist, civil rights activist, and writer Born: February 1818 in Talbot County, Maryland Died: February 20, 1895 in Washington, D.C. Best known for: Former slave who became an advisor to the presidents Biography: Where did Frederick Douglass grow up? Frederick Douglass was born on a plantation in Talbot County, Maryland.

His mother was a slave and when Frederick was born, he became a slave, too. Life as a Slave Life as a slave was very difficult, especially for a child. Learning to Read Around the age of twelve, his master's wife, Sophia Auld began to teach Frederick the alphabet. Once Douglass had learned to read, he read newspapers and other articles about slavery. Escape to Freedom In 1838, Douglass carefully planned his escape. Abolitionist In Massachusetts, Douglass met with people who were against slavery.

Author Douglass wrote down his story of slavery in an autobiography called Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass.