Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler ( German pronunciation: [ˈɡɔtliːp ˈdaɪmlɐ] ; March 17, 1834 – March 6, 1900 [ 1 ] ) was an engineer , industrial designer and industrialist born in Schorndorf (Kingdom of Württemberg , a federal state of the German Confederation ), in what is now Germany. He was a pioneer of internal-combustion engines and automobile development.
Georg Simon Ohm (16 March 1789 – 6 July 1854) was a German physicist and mathematician . As a high school teacher, Ohm began his research with the new electrochemical cell , invented by Italian scientist Alessandro Volta .
Kurt Waldemar Tank (February 24, 1898 – June 5, 1983) was a German aeronautical engineer and test pilot who led the design department at Focke-Wulf from 1931 to 1945. He was responsible for the creation of several important Luftwaffe aircraft of World War II , including the Fw 190 fighter aircraft , the Ta 152 fighter - interceptor and the FW 200 Condor airliner . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] After the war, Tank spent two decades designing aircraft abroad, working first in Argentina and then in India, before returning to Germany in the late 1960s to work as a consultant for Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB). [ 3 ] [ edit ] Early life
Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (12 March 1824 – 17 October 1887) was a German physicist who contributed to the fundamental understanding of electrical circuits , spectroscopy , and the emission of black-body radiation by heated objects. He coined the term "black body" radiation in 1862, and two sets of independent concepts in both circuit theory and thermal emission are named " Kirchhoff's laws " after him, as well as a law of thermochemistry .
Daniel Best (born March 20, 1838 in Tuscarawas County, Ohio ) was an American adventurer, inventor, and entrepreneur known for pioneering agriculture machinery and heavy machinery. [ edit ] Early years In 1839, Daniel Best’s father, John, moved the family to Missouri .
Galileo Galilei ( Italian pronunciation: [ɡaliˈlɛːo ɡaliˈlɛi] ; 15 February 1564 [ 4 ] – 8 January 1642), [ 5 ] was an Italian physicist , mathematician , astronomer , and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution . His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism . Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy ", [ 6 ] the "father of modern physics ", [ 7 ] the "father of science", [ 7 ] and "the Father of Modern Science". [ 8 ] His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus , the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter (named the Galilean moons in his honour), and the observation and analysis of sunspots . Galileo also worked in applied science and technology, inventing an improved military compass and other instruments.
Martinus Beijerinck in the 1880s or 1890s
Albert Einstein ( pron.: / ˈ æ l b ər t ˈ aɪ n s t aɪ n / ; German: [ˈalbɐt ˈaɪnʃtaɪn] ( listen ) ; 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the general theory of relativity , one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics ). [ 2 ] [ 3 ] While best known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc 2 (which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation"), [ 4 ] he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect ". [ 5 ] The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory . Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field . This led to the development of his special theory of relativity .
Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was an eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone . [ N 3 ]