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First published Wed Jun 28, 2006; substantive revision Fri Oct 8, 2010 Zen aims at a perfection of personhood. To this end, sitting meditation called “ za-zen ” is employed as a foundational method of prāxis across the different schools of this Buddha-Way, through which the Zen practitioner attempts to embody non-discriminatory wisdom vis-à-vis the meditational experience known as “ satori ” (enlightenment).
Meditation is the practice Buddhists know very well. The meaning of meditation or bhavana means “cultivation of the mind” . It is therefore an activity that is determined to increase their understanding and wisdom that are essential for the eradication of ” dukkha “. There are many different Buddhist meditation techniques depending on the tradition and school, for example in the Theravada Visuddhimagga there are listed up to 40 meditation methods . All of them are based on two components called Samatha (calm abiding, peace of mind) and Vipassana (direct knowledge, intuition). We must take into account that different traditions of Buddhism Mahayana developed their own unique methods.
- Mindfulness In Plain English - Ven. Henepola Gunaratana