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Threats to the Great Barrier Reef. There are growing threats to the Great Barrier Reef, with the most serious being climate change, catchment pollution, coastal development, and fishing.

Threats to the Great Barrier Reef

WWF is working hard to impress upon our governments the need for urgent action to address climate change globally. To help boost the Reef’s resilience to climate change we are also urging action on the local impacts of coastal development, such as ports, and polluted run-off from agriculture. Climate change Climate change is the biggest threat to the reef’s future. An Australian Marine Conservation Society film. Global Compact Network Australia. 14.1 By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution 14.2 By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans 14.3 Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels 14.4 By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics.

Global Compact Network Australia

Department of the Environment and Energy, Australian Government. Overfishing in Australia and the Pacific. Standard Page - 11 May, 2011 Less than 1% of the world’s oceans are protected from all human activity.

Overfishing in Australia and the Pacific

We are fishing ourselves into a crisis that threatens global fish stocks, marine biodiversity and local economies. While we are only beginning to understand the full impact of our actions, what we do know is, the situation is urgent. Overfishing Having fished out their own waters, countries like Japan, European Union member states, Taiwan, Korea, the United States and China are now sending their industrial fishing fleets to the Pacific to exploit the region’s stocks. Australian Marine Conservation Society. Australian waters polluted by harmful tiny plastics. Each square kilometre of Australian sea surface water is contaminated by around 4,000 pieces of tiny plastics, according to our study published today in journal PLOS ONE and data repository Figshare.

Australian waters polluted by harmful tiny plastics

These small plastic fragments, mostly less than 5mm across, are loaded with pollutants that can negatively affect several marine species, from tiny fish and zooplankton to large turtles and whales. Plastic pollution hazards to Australian species and ecological communities are therefore likely broader than those officially recognised. Sustainable marine development, restoration and enhancement of marine habitats / Sustainable Oceans International.

Overfishing – the plundering of our oceans. The extent of overfishing The global fishing fleet is 2.5 times larger than what the oceans can sustainably support – meaning that humans take far more fish from the ocean than can be replaced naturally.

Overfishing – the plundering of our oceans

As a result: Fight for the Reef. There are plans to expand ports and build new mega ports right along the coastline of the Great Barrier Reef.

Fight for the Reef

Gladstone The Port of Gladstone is the fifth largest coal export terminal in the world and the largest multi-commodity port in Queensland. There are two coal terminals at Gladstone port: Barney Point Coal Terminal and RG Tanna Coal Terminal. Between the two terminals there are 30 huge stockpiles of coal, with a capacity to export 78 million tonnes per annum.

The Queensland Government approved a new coal port terminal on Wiggins Island, in Gladstone Harbour, and construction is underway. The Great Barrier Reef and the coal mine that could kill it. These are dark days for Australia’s Great Barrier Reef.

The Great Barrier Reef and the coal mine that could kill it

On 29 July, the last major regulatory hurdle facing the development of Australia’s largest coal mine was removed by Greg Hunt, minister for the environment. The Carmichael coal mine, owned by India’s Adani Group, will cover 200 sq km and produce 60m tonnes of coal a year – enough to supply electricity for 100 million people. Located in Queensland’s Galilee Basin, 400km inland from the reef, it will require a major rail line, which is yet to receive final approval, to transport the coal, which must then be loaded on to ships at the ports of Hay Point and Abbot Point, near Gladstone on the Queensland coast, adjacent to the southern section of the reef. Both ports require dredging and expansion to manage the increased volume of shipping. Once aboard, the coal must be shipped safely through the coral labyrinth that is the Great Barrier Reef, and on to India, where it will be burned in great coal-fired power plants.

Fact file: How healthy is the Great Barrier Reef? - Fact Check. Updated The health and sustainability of the Great Barrier Reef has been the subject of much debate, with UNESCO considering listing the world heritage site as in danger.

Fact file: How healthy is the Great Barrier Reef? - Fact Check

There are concerns over new industrial and mining developments, dredging, fishing, climate change and pollution.