Stanley Milgram, lydighed og den problematiske maskulinitet i USA under den kolde krig. Milgram-eksperimentet er et berømt psykologisk eksperiment, udført i 1961.
Det var tilrettelagt af en ung ph.d. i psykologi, Stanley Milgram, der ønskede at udforske sammenhænge mellem forsøgspersonernes lydighed i forhold til autoriteter og deres tilbøjelighed til på kommando at påføre andre mennesker smerte. Eksperimentet startede kun tre måneder efter, at retssagen mod nazisten Adolf Eichmann var påbegyndt i Jerusalem. Milgram selv var meget opsat at besvare spørgsmålet om, hvordan det kunne gå til, at så mange tyskere havde været involveret i grusomhederne under anden verdenskrig.
I eksperimentet fik forsøgspersonerne (T) ordre fra forsøgslederen (E) om at udsætte en anden forsøgsperson (L) for elektriske stød (bogstaverne henfører til den ledsagende illustration). Personen L (for Learner) var i virkeligheden en del af eksperimentet, og de elektriske stød var fiktive. Eksperimentet gik i al sin enkelhed ud på, at T (for Teacher) fik til opgave at stille L en række spørgsmål. The Perils of Obedience. By Kendra Cherry Updated December 16, 2015.
If a person in a position of authority ordered you to deliver a 400-volt electrical shock to another person, would you follow orders? Most people would answer this question with an adamant no, but Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram conducted a series of obedience experiments during the 1960s that led to some surprising results. These experiments offer a compelling and disturbing look at the power of authority and obedience. More recent investigations cast doubt on some of the implications of Milgram's findings and even question the results and procedures themselves.
Learn more about the experiments, the results and some of the major criticisms of Milgram's infamous research. “Shocking” Masculinity: Stanley Milgram, “Obedience to Authority,” and the “Crisis of Manhood” in Cold War America on JSTOR. Folkedrab.dk - Gruppepres, lydighed og ideologi. LydighedseksperimentetEksperimentet blev over for forsøgspersonen præsenteret som et pædagogisk forsøg, der skulle undersøge, hvilken effekt fysisk afstraffelse havde på indlæring.
The Milgram Paradigm after 35 years - Thomas Blass. ABC Channel's Milgram Experiment remake. Lydighedens dilemma - tv-udsendelse. Dansk forsøg. Discovery. Klip fra serien Curiosity: How evil are you? Replicating Milgram - would peole still obey today? - Jerry Burger. En af forsøgspersonerne udtaler sig. Your source for the latest psychological research.
<< Previous Observation Fifty years ago, Stanley Milgram’s famous obedience experiments showed that ordinary people would harm others when instructed to do so by an authority figure. The experiment was recently replicated on the Discovery Channel’s series Curiosity with the help of psychological scientist Jerry Burger. Watch this video to find out what went through the mind of a participant who said no and refused to shock another person. For more on the Milgram experiment, tune in to CNN at 7:30 am on Saturday December 10 or Sunday December 11 to watch Sanjay Gupta’s interview with Jerry Burger and Thomas Blass, both APS Members.
People 'still willing to torture' - Artikel fra BBC News. Decades after a notorious experiment, scientists have found test subjects are still willing to inflict pain on others - if told to by an authority figure.
US researchers repeated the famous "Milgram test", with volunteers told to deliver electrical shocks to another volunteer - played by an actor. Even after faked screams of pain, 70% were prepared to increase the voltage, the American Psychologist study found. Both may help explain why apparently ordinary people can commit atrocities. Yale University professor Stanley Milgram's work, published in 1963, recruited volunteers to help carry out a medical experiment, with none aware that they were actually the subject of the test. A "scientist" instructed them to deliver a shock every time the actor answered a question wrongly. Some volunteers even carried on giving 450-volt shocks even when there was no further response from the actor, suggesting he was either unconscious or dead. Similar format Louise, Lincoln, UK Complex task.
Lydighedens dilemma - Stanley Milgram. The Dilemma of Obedience - Stanley Milgram. Comments on 'The Dilemma of Obedience' - Ebel & Kohlberg. The perils of obedience - Artikel af Stanley Milgram fra Harper's Magazine. Dr. Thomas Blass Presents: Stanley Milgram .com. The Man Who Shocked The World. Linsly-Chittenden Hall on Yale's old campus is easy to miss—an improbable hybrid of Romanesque and neo-Gothic styles that sits in the shadow of the magnificent clock-arch straddling High Street.
But in July 1961, the building hummed with an unusual amount of activity as people came and went through its doors at hourly intervals. The increased traffic was due to the arrival and departure of participants in an experiment with unexpected findings that would make it one of the most significant—and controversial—psychological studies of the 20th century. The research was the brainchild of 28-year-old Stanley Milgram, then a recent graduate with a Ph.D. in social psychology from Harvard's department of social relations. The name Stanley Milgram may not elicit the kind of instant recognition as, say, Sigmund Freud. Milgram's research; like Freud's, did lead to profound revisions in some of the fundamental assumptions about human nature. Humbled Beginnings Under the Influence.