MAKING WAVES: THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF BLACK FEMINISM on JSTOR. Black feminism on JSTOR. WHAT'S IN A NAME? Womanism, Black Feminism, and Beyond on JSTOR. Third Wave Black Feminism? on JSTOR. National Black Feminist Organization (NBFO) Founded: May, 1973, announced August 15, 1973 Ended existence: 1976, national organization; 1980, last local chapter.
Key founding members: Florynce Kennedy, Eleanor Holmes Norton, Margaret Sloan, Faith Ringgold, Michele Wallace, Doris Wright. First (and only) president: Margaret Sloan Number of chapters at peak: about 10 Number of members at peak: more than 2000 From the 1973 Statement of Purpose: The distorted male-dominated media image of the Women’s Liberation Movement has clouded the vital and revolutionary importance of this movement to Third World women, especially black women. Focus: the double burden of sexism and racism for black women, and in particular, to raise the visibility of black women in both the Women's Liberation Movement and the Black Liberation Movement. The initial Statement of Purpose also emphasized the need to counter negative images of black women. In that statement, black nationalists were compared to white racists.
Documents: African American History and Women Timeline. Updated September 05, 2015.
From the landing of Columbus in the Americas, through today, black women have contributed to American history and have been affected by it. In this timeline, you'll find events arranged by year. Use the index below to skip to a time period you're looking for. [1492-1699] [1700-1799] [1800-1829] [1830-1839] [1840-1849] [1850-1859] [1860-1863] [1864-1869] [1870-1879] [1880-1889] [1890-1899] [1900-1909] [1910-1919] [1920-1929] [1930-1939] [1940-1949] [1950-1959] [1960-1969] [1970-1979] [1980-1989] [1990-1999] [2000-] [What's Included] Women and African American History: 1492-1699 • Columbus discovered America, from the perspective of Europeans. The Spanish thus looked elsewhere for the labor they needed to take advantage of the New World's economic opportunities. • Spain permitted African slaves to be sent to the Americas • first African slaves arrived in Hispaniola • Anthony Johnson, son of an African mother, arrived in Virginia. about 1648.
Black History and Women. The Combahee River Collective: Black Women's Liberation. Updated April 30, 2016. with edits and updates by Jone Johnson Lewis.
The Combahee River Collective, a Boston-based organization active 1974 to 1980, was a collective of black feminists, including many lesbians, critical of white feminism. Their statement has been a key influence on black feminism and on social theory about race. They examined the interplay of sexism, racism, economics and heterosexism. "As black feminists and lesbians we know that we have a very definite revolutionary task to perform and we are ready for the lifetime of work and struggles before us. " History of the Combahee River Collective The Combahee River Collective first met in 1974. The Combahee River Collective held meetings and retreats throughout the 1970s.
Their approach looked at a "simultaneity of oppressions" rather than ranking and separating the oppressions at work, and in their work is rooted much of later work on intersectionality. Influences Barbara Smith is credited with suggesting the name.